1st Maratha War

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First Maratha War
1777 to 1782
Chronological list of Wars and Campaigns
[[Image:|250px| ]]
Location:
Combatants:
East India Company Maratha Empire
Result: British victory
Medals:
Links:
Category: 1st Maratha War
Battlemappic.gif See our interactive map of
1st Maratha War
locations and routes on Google Maps

Summary

The British became involved in a dispute beween rival claimants to the throne of the Maratha Empire. The Presidencies of Calcutta and Bombay took opposing views on the matter. Nana Phadnis, the leader of the Maratha chiefs, broke the terms of the treaty with Calcutta and a force under Colonel Cockburn was sent towards Poona. The British were roundly defeated at the Battle of Wargaum (Wadgaon) and forced to sign a treaty relinquishing all territory acquired after 1775. Warren Hastings rejected this treaty and sent another force under Colonel Goddard. After a series of victories the British prevailed and the Treaty of Salbai was signed in 1782.

Poona Expeditionary Force

Colonel Charles Egerton commanding

  • 591 European troops
  • 2,278 Sepoys
  • 500 gun lascars

Bengal Relief Force

Col Leslie (succeeded by Col Thomas Goddard) commanding

Total 6,600 fighting men with 103 European officers

  • Servants and followers 19,000
  • Bazaar Department 12,000

Related articles

For further details of events during this period see the following articles

Annexation of Thana 12 December 1774
Battle of Arass 18 May 1775
Battle of Wargaum 12-13 January 1779
Occupation of Dubhoy 18-20 January 1780
Battle of Ahmadabad 15 February 1780
Capture of Lahar 7 February 1780
Battle of Gwalior 3 August 1780
Siege of Bassein Fort 11 December 1780
Battle of Deeg 1780

Biographies

Entries in the Dictionary of Indian Biography 1906
Thomas Goddard (1740?-1783)
Warren Hastings (1732-1818)
Nana Farnavis (1741?-1800)
William Popham (1740-1821)

External Links

Historical books online

Part 1– Appointed 1768, Part 2- Sir Eyre Coote's Campaigns of 1781, 1782, and 1783, Part 3- Campaigns in India –includes General Stuart's Operations; General Goddard's March; and the Proceedings of the Bombay Army and its Government, Part 4- includes Popham’s Capture of Gwalior; General Goddard’s Operations, Campaigns of Lord Cornwallis, Siege of Bangalore, Part 5 March to Seringapatum, Part 6, Part 7
"Lieutenant -Colonel Richard Scott" from The East India Military Calendar: Containing the Services of General and Field Officers of the Indian Army, Volume 1, page 315 by by John Philippart 1823 Google Books
  • The History of Ayder Ali Khan, Nabob-Bahader: or, New Memoirs Concerning the East Indies by M. M. D. L. T. [M. Maistre De la Tour, the French commandant of Hyder Ali’s artillery] 1784 Volume 1, Volume 2. Original Edition in French Volume 1, Volume 2 1783 Google Books
  • Appendix to the Fifth Report from the Committee of Secrecy, appointed to enquire into the causes of the war in the Carnatic, and of the British possessions in those parts. Great Britain Parliament. House of Commons Committee of Secrecy 1782 Archive.org Part 1 Appendix 1-57, Part 2 Appendix 58-169
This link gives details of the reports page 143 A General Index to Reports from Committees of the House of Commons (Google Books) 1803