Burma (now officially called the Union of Myanmar) was a province of the Bengal Presidency until the establishment of the Burma Office in 1937 after which it was administered separately until independence in 1948.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 FIBIS resources
- 4 Military
- 5 Railways
- 6 Records
- 7 Economy and business
- 8 Recommended Reading
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Places in Burma:
The British annexed parts of Burmese territory after their victory in the 1st Burma War. Lower Burma was annexed in 1852 after the 2nd Burma War. In 1862, these territories were designated the minor province of British India, British Burma. After the 3rd Burma War in 1885, Upper Burma was annexed, and the following year, the province of Burma in British India was created, becoming a major province in 1897. This arrangement lasted until 1937, when Burma began to be administered separately by the Burma Office and the Secretary of State for India and Burma. Burma achieved independence from British rule on January 4, 1948.
- Images of Burma
- FIBIS database:Burmese cemeteries inscriptions and photographs
- "The Life of a Madras Artilleryman: The William Porter Letters" by Peter Bailey FIBIS Journal Number 3 (Spring 2000). FIBIS members may read this article online.
- Extracts from "The Private Letters of William Porter, Gunner, 3rd Batt., Madras Artillery (1826-1857) (Mss Eur. G128, British Library)", including time spent in Burma
- 3rd Burma War - 1885.
- The Kachin Hills Uprising: Burma from January to February 1915 by Harry Fecitt from Harry’s Sideshows (kaiserscross.com)
- Second World War
Trek Out of Burma in 1942
Following the Japanese bombing in 1942, half a million refugees attempted to walk to India. Many died.
- Koi-Hai website
- Anglo-Burmese Library - transcriptions and report. Also the list of internees.
- Exodus from Burma, 1941-42; a Memoir by Captain Nadir S. Tyabji Parts 1 and 2 , scroll down for Part 1, Parts 3-12 in reverse order, scroll to the bottom for Part 3. amitavghosh.com. The author was appointed as Assistant to the Agent of the Government of India in Burma, and was subsequently in charge of arrangements for the refugees, predominantly Indian, trekking out of Burma.
- "Burma before the Japanese Invasion" and "Diary of the Trek out of Burma 1942" by Jose Johnson with an earlier memoir "My Journey to Burma 1940 by Flying Boat" bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar
- The Elephant Man is about the rescue of refugees by Gyles Mackrell , an Assam tea planter. He mounted an operation to save refugees who were trapped by flooded rivers at the border with India using the only means available to get them across - elephants. website of Cambridge University.
- Listen to a radio interview with Felicity Goodall, author of Exodus Burma. news.bbc.co.uk. Today,Tuesday, 13 December 2011. Details of Exodus Burma, the British Escape Through the Jungles of Death 1942 by Felicity Goodall 2011.
- Tales of wartime courage revealed Yorkshire Post Wednesday 11 January 2012
- "Barefoot from Burma to India, 1942" by Benegal Dinker Rao, born 1917 in Rangoon, an employee of the Government of Burma. A nephew Arvind Benegal, is the author of the first part, based on his uncle’s oral accounts.
- "Exodus from Burma" by Krishnan Gurumurthy, aged 9 in 1942. His father was employed in the Burma Railways and was one of the many Indian working in Burma. amitavghosh.com
- Account of Capt. G.J. Stapleton. I.A., Burma Frontier Force: Retreat from Myitkyina 1942 . He was awarded the King´s Police and Fire Service Medal, for Gallantry. spink.com 25 Apr 2013
- "Burma, 1942 and the Anglo-Indian and Anglo-Burmese Community" by Megan Stuart Mills, 1999. Eighth edition of the International Journal of Anglo-Indian Studies.
- ICRC Archives in Geneva. The International Committee of the Red Cross has some records in respect of refugees from Burma. 
Historical books online
- Forgotten Frontier by Geoffrey Tyson, published 1945, may be viewed online on the Digital Library of India website, including as a pdf download. The book is about the escape of refugees from Burma in 1942 and the help provided by the tea planters of Assam in assisting the refugees from north Burma into India.
- Burma Diary by Paul Geren published 1943 In 1941 Paul Geren agreed to spend two years at Judson College in Rangoon, Burma, as a short-term missionary under the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. Following the Japanese bombing Professor Geren's classroom became a field hospital as he offered his services as an ambulance driver to Dr. Gordon Seagrave, the famed Burma surgeon. He later trekked to India. From the website ourstory.info
- Baptisms, Marriages and Burials for Burma are included in the Bengal returns (N/1) up to 1936. Records for 1937 to 1959 are in a separate series N/10 with a single index for Burma BMBs. These records are part of the digitised India Office Records collection on the commercial website findmypast, and at least the N1 record indexes are available on FamilySearch (both datasets subject to a few exceptions).
- Burma Gazette IOR/V/11/3406-3694 1875-1952.This publication was one of the Government Gazettes which were the official newspapers of the Government of India and its provincial governments where information, such as appointments, promotions,etc was 'gazetted'.
The LDS film catalogue has the following entries:
- Burma ecclesiastical returns, registered 1937-1957. Note: These are the N/10 records referred to above, from the British Library, now available on findmypast.
- Registers and indexes of the Burma Office. It is unclear from the catalogue just what records these are. However, from the film notes, they appear to be indexes only (Z/M records).
- Extracts from St. Andrew's Outlook, quarterly messenger of the Presbyterian Churches in Malaya, Sumatra, Burma and Siam : marriages and deaths, March 1914 - July 1951 Microfilm number 87992
- Extracts from Scots Kirk', the church magazine of the Presbyterian Church in Signal Pagoda Road, Rangoon, Burma : baptisms, marriages and deaths, June 1930-June 1941 Microfilm number 87993
- Microfilm of manuscript vol. of St. John the Baptist Armenian Apostolic Church in Rangoon, Burma. Births and baptisms, 1867-1980; marriages, 1858-1981; deaths, 1857-1957. Text in Armenian. Microfilm number 1356948 Item 2
- FIBIS blog: Book of the month. A comprehensive new edition of Burma Register of European Deaths and Burials, edited by Rosie Llewellyn-Jones, published by BACSA, 2015. Covers burials up to 1948. 212pp
- From the catalogue of the Centre for Jewish History, New York and available through the American Sephardi Federation:
- Birth Register Book: Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue Rangoon. Published 1979 In English, records available from 1896 to 1979. In Hebrew, available from 1888
- Rangoon Old Book Births c 1890 - October 1923. American Sephardi Federation.
- Death Register Book: Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue Rangoon. Published 1979. Available from 1888. In Hebrew with Sephardi Script.
- Birth Register Book: Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue Rangoon. Published 1979 In English, records available from 1896 to 1979. In Hebrew, available from 1888
Economy and business
The leading British firms in Burma were the Burma Oil Company, which controlled the oil industry, Steel Brothers and Company Limited, which worked in oil, rice and general trading business, the Rangoon Electric Tramway and Supply Company Limited, the Anglo-Burma Tin Company , and the Burma Corporation Limited, which operated the Bawdwin Mines.
Also refer Twentieth century impressions of Burma: its history, people, commerce, industries, and resources by Arnold Wright in Online books below
- The book Old Soldier Sahib by Frank Richards, is about the early 1900s in India and Burma and mentioned in Military reading list. The book was first published in 1936. There is a further 2005 edition, annotated by Krijnen and Langley, with many footnotes and illustrations. "Each page is annotated to give information on Frank Richards’s friends, his officers, the places where he served in India and Burma, dates, events and the language, for example".
- Details of the book A Soldier’s Story-From the Khyber Pass to the Jungles of Burma: The Memoir of a British Officer in the Indian Army 1933-1947 by John Archibald Hislop, edited by Penny Kocher 2010. There is a review by Richard Morgan of A Soldier’s Story in FIBIS Journal Number 26 Autumn 2011, page 52. For details of how to access this article, see FIBIS Journals. The review may also be read in this link, along with other reviews.
- The Brewing Storm – 1939-1941 (2013) and Burma Invaded - 1942 (2013), both by Major C M Enriquez, based on his diary. Review by Peter Bailey, page 52 FIBIS Journal Number 33 (Spring 2015)
|The FIBIS Google Books Library|
has books tagged:
- Burma Wikipedia
- British rule in Burma Wikipedia
- The Anglo-Burmese Library. This website contains extracts from a number of directories including lists of inhabitants, as well as muster rolls of Volunteer Forces. They can obtain copies of files from the Myanmar National Archives, some samples of which are shown on their "Projects" page.
- A previous Public Area Message Boards page stated "Given the historic close connection between Burma and Siam we do collect incidental records relating to Siam, especially BMDs for the 19th century, so we welcome any questions regarding that country. The Andaman Islands BMD returns were always included in the Burma returns, and so we feel justified in including these Islands in our remit". (Message Boards iare now in the Members Area, so it is not known whether this statement is the current situation.)
- Planet Burma, website of the Britain- Burma Society including Book World
- Online Burma/Myanmar Library, Burmalibrary.org, under the subject History has many categories including
- Burma Auxiliary Force following separation of Burma from India in April 1937 rothwell.force9.co.uk
- Burma/Myanmar Bibliographic Project: A Collection of Publications in West-European Languages by Siegfried M. Schwertner Heidelberg University Digital Repository South Asian Studies. An extensive bibliography, with separate downloads for each letter of the alphabet.
- Adoniram Judson, Ann Judson-Pioneer American Baptist Missionaries to Burma Wholesomewords.org
- Joseph Valu's World War 2 Burma Diaries
- Obituary of Reuben Solomon born Rangoon 1921, from the Sydney Morning Herald dated 24 October 2009. He is mentioned in Burmese Nights tajmahalfoxtrot.com
- De La Salle Brothers in Myanmar
- "Fire-Hearted Pebbles from Burma" by C.M. Enriquez, reprinted from Asia Magazine, October, 1930, Vol. 30, No. 10, pp. 722–725, 733. , is about the ruby mines of Burma and the Burma Ruby Mines Company. Palagems.com
- Burma’s jade mines: An Annotated Occidental History by Richard W Hughes.
- Burmese Prince Moung Lat was a British state prisoner in India for 54 years during which time he married the daughter of an Australian widow. Tehelka.com
- Family budgets in 1920s India by John O’Brien 27 February 2012 British Library Blog: Untold Lives: Sharing stories from the past. Includes a mention of Rangoon.
- "Browsing Through a Treasure House: The Literature of the Burma Campaign" by Gordon Graham. Part of WW2. From the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 2011 pdf, html version Abstract
Historical books online
- Also see Gazetteers-Burma for more online Gazetteers.
- Early English Intercourse With Burma 1587-1743 by D G E Hall 1928. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Preview Google Books reprint of the 1968 edition
- Oriental Repertory by Alexander Dalrymple Volume 1 1793 and Volume 2 1808 contain a number of references to early Burma. See Scientific books online
- A Concise Account Of The Climate, Produce, Trade, Government, Manners, and Customs, Of The Kingdom Of Pegu by W. Hunter A.M. Surgeon. Calcutta printed reprinted London 1789 Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek “The result of observations made on a voyage performed by order of the Hon. East-India Company”
- Shipwreck of the Juno on the coast of Aracan in 1795 and history of Aracan. Google Books
- "In Arakan A Century Ago" page 175 The Calcutta Review (April 1907). Archive.org. Includes details of the life of John Christopher Fink, born 1796, who became a missionary.
- Report on the Eastern Frontier of British India by Robert Boileau Pemberton 1835 Google Books
- Travels in south-eastern Asia, embracing Hindustan, Malaya, Siam, and China: with notices of numerous missionary stations, and a full account of the Burman Empire; with dissertations, tables, etc by Howard Malcolm 2nd edition 1839 2 volumes in one. Book 2 with index follows page 276 of Book 1 Google Books.
- Travels of Doctor and Madame Helfer in Syria, Mesopotamia, Burmah and other lands, Volume II (Volune I) 1878 Archive.org. Their travels commenced in 1835, and continued until 1840, when Dr Helfer was killed in the Andaman Islands.
- "Notes on Arakan by the late Rev GS Comstock, American Baptist Missionary in that country 1834-1844" from Journal of the American Oriental Society Volume 1, No 3 1847, page 219 Google Books
- Selections from the Records of the Government of Bengal: no 6: Report on the Tin and Other Mineral Productions of the Tenasserim Provinces 1852 Archive.org
- Selections from the Records of the Government of Bengal: no 9: Report on the Teak Forests of Tenasserim Provinces with an Index 1852 Archive.org
- Rough Pencillings of a Rough Trip to Rangoon in 1846 by Colesworthey Grant 1853. With illustrations Archive.org.
- Myamma : a Retrospect of Life and Travel in Lower Burmah by Deputy Surgeon General C T Paske, [Charles Thomas], Late of the Bengal Army 1893 Archive.org. Also published with the title Life and Travel in Lower Burmah, a Retrospect Archive.org. The author joined the Bengal Medical Service in August 1852, and was posted to Burma for about two years c 1853-1855, returned to India for four years, and was then reposted to Burma c 1859 for a few more years.
- Tenasserim Provinces , page 685 A Gazetteer of Southern India: with the Tenasserim Provinces and Singapore by Pharoah & Co 1855 Google Books
- A Narrative of the Mission sent by the Governor-General of India to the Court of Ava in 1855, with notices of the country, government, and people by Captain Henry Yule, Bengal Engineers 1858 Archive.org. Google Books version
- Burmah, its people and natural productions; or, Notes on the nations, fauna, flora, and minerals of Tenasserim, Pegu, and Burmah, with systematic catalogues of the known mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, insects, mollusks, crustaceans, annelids, radiates, plants, and minerals, with vernacular names by Rev F Mason 2nd edition 1860.
- The first edition is probably Tenasserim: Or, Notes on the Fauna, Flora, Minerals, and Nations of British Burmah and Pegu by Rev F Mason 1851 Google Books
- Four Years in Burmah by W H Marshall, late editor of the Rangoon Chronicle 1860 Google Books Volume I, Volume II
- Hand-book for British Burma by George Edward Fryer 1867 Google Books
- Bhamo Expedition: Report on the practicability of re-opening the trade route, between Burma and Western China by Captain A Bowers 1869 Google Books includes
- Preface to the Administration Report of British Burmah for 1867-68 by Major General A. Fytche, C. S. I. Chief Commissioner , page 129
- Practical sailing directions and coasting guide from the Sand Heads to Rangoon, Maulmain, Akyab, and vice versa. To which is added, Directions for the entire Bay of Bengal and Straits of Malacca by N Heckford Sixth Edition, Enlarged and Improved 1871 Google Books
- The Ficus elastica in Burma proper or a narrative of my journey in search of it : a descriptive account of its habits of growth and the process followed by the Kakhyens in the preparation of caoutchouc by G. W. Strettell 1876. Archive.org [Natural rubber, or India rubber]
- Burma Past and Present, with Personal Reminiscences of the Country by Lieut-General Albert Fytche, late Chief Commissioner of British Burma 1878. Volume I, Volume II. Archive.org. Includes details of his career in India and (mainly) Burma 1839-1871.
- Our trip to Burmah. With notes on that country by Surgeon-General Charles Alexander Gordon, Army Medical Department, Principal Medical Officer, British Forces, Madras Presidency. 1877 Archive.org. A trip December 1874-February 1875.
- Sport in British Burmah, Assam and the Cassyah and Jyntiah Hills : with notes of sport in the hilly districts of the Northern Division, Madras Presidency ... by Lieut.-Colonel Pollok, Madras Staff Corps. (Fitzwilliam Thomas Pollok) 1879. Volume I, Volume II Archive.org
- Fifty years' reminiscences of India : a retrospect of travel, adventure and shikar by Colonel Pollock, Madras Staff Corps 1896. Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University. Archive.org version In 1853 the author was appointed to the Madras Sappers and Miners in Burma.
- The British Burma Gazetteer: Volume I 1880 itemViewer British Library. Also available through the Main Catalogue as a pdf download (enter title, and then select 'I want this'); Volume I 1880 Pdf download, Digital Library of India ; Volume II A-Z 1879 Archive.org.
- The Practice of Medicine Among the Burmese by Keith Norman MacDonald, late Civil Surgeon of Prome. 1879. Archive.org
- The River of Golden Sand: being the Narrative of a Journey through China and Eastern Tibet to Burmah by Captain William Gill R. E. Volume I 1880, Volume II 1880 Condensed [memorial] edition 1883 Archive.org
- Correspondence respecting the Ruby Mines of Upper Burmah presented to both houses of Parliament by command of Her Majesty 1887 Archive.org
- "Burma Rubies" page 153 Precious stones and gems, their history, sources and characteristics by Edwin William Streeter 6th Edition 1898 Archive.org
- Notes and statistics in four parts, compiled in the Office of the Chief Secretary to the Chief Commissioner Rangoon Contents 1893 Archive.org. Lists the cantonments, railway stations, Telegraph offices, Volunteer Regiments etc.
- Routes in Upper Burma by A B Fenton 1894. Volume 1, Volume 2 Pdf downloads, Digital Library of India.
- Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States 1900-1901 (Archive.org)
- "Burma" page 71, And that reminds me being incidents of a life spent at sea, and in the Andaman Islands, Burma, Australia, and India by Stanley W. Coxon 1915 Archive.org. The author was appointed District Superintendent of Police in Kyaukse District, Upper Burma c late 1880s
- Wanderings in Burma by George W Bird 1897 “South East Asia Visions” Cornell University
- Rangoon Diocesan Association: Quarterly Paper Printed in London. (Church of England). 48 quarterly issues from 1897 to 1908. SOAS Digital Library. London University.The issue for June 1898 listed Clergy and English Missionaries throughout Burma. If the link is not permanent Search using keyword Rangoon.
- The Burma Medical Manual : containing rules for the management of charitable hospitals and dispensaries and for the guidance of medical officers under the Government of Burma ; issued under authority 1898 Archive.org
- An English girl's first impression of Burmah by Beth Ellis 1899 Archive.org.
- Wild sports of Burma and Assam by Fitz William Thomas Pollok and W. S. Thom 1900 Archive.org
- Scenes in Burma: An Album of 125 Views c 1900-1910? Archive.org
- Further India: being the story of exploration from the earliest times in Burma, Malaya, Siam and Indo-China by Hugh Clifford 1904 with Orographical Map and Political Map of Farther India and Index Archive.org
- A Yankee on the Yangtze; being a narrative of a journey from Shanghai through the central kingdom to Burma, by William Edgar Geil ... With one hundred full-page illustrations. 1904 London edition with a map
- Burma, painted and described Robert Talbot Kelly, 1905 Archive.org
- Burma: A Handbook Of Practical Information by Sir J. George Scott 1906. New and revised version 1911 Archive.org
- The Romantic East: Burma, Assam, & Kashmir by Walter Del Mar 1906 "Containing sixty-four full page illustrations from photographs" Archive.org
- Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India Volume V: Burma Compiled in the Intelligence Branch, Army Headquarters, India. 1907 Archive.org
- Colonial Administration in the Far East: The Province of Burma by Alleyne Ireland 1907 Archive.org. A report prepared on behalf of the University of Chicago. Volume I, Contents, Volume II, Contents.
- A Bachelor Girl in Burma by G E Mitton, containing ninety-five illustrations from photographs 1907 Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University
- Twentieth century impressions of Burma : its history, people, commerce, industries, and resources by Arnold Wright 1910 Southeast Asia Visions "Contents" "Index"
- Experiences of a jungle-wallah by Hugh Nisbet 1910 Southeast Asia Visions. The author worked for the Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation from 1879. The company logged teak in the Burma forests
- Burma Through The Centuries by John Stuart (Managing Proprietor, Rangoon Gazette) 2nd edition Revised and Enlarged 1910 Archive.org
- Elephants and their diseases. A treatise on elephants by Lieut.-Colonel GH Evans, Superintendent, Civil Veterinary Department, Burma 1910 Archive.org
- A Year on the Irrawaddy by E M P-B. 1911. Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University. The author was the wife of a captain of an oil-steamer.
- Big Game Shooting in Upper Burma George Patrick Elystan Evans 1911 Archive.org
- Christian Missions in Burma by W C B Purser, Missionary of Kemendine, Rangoon 1911 Archive.org. Church of England Missions.
- Josiah Nelson Cushing, Missionary and Scholar, Burma by Wallace St. John 1912 archive.org. American Baptist Mission.
- A civil servant in Burma by Sir Herbert Thirkell White, 1913 Archive.org
- History of Upper Assam, Upper Burmah and North-Eastern Frontier by Leslie Waterfield Shakespear 1914 Archive.org
- A Burmese Enchantment by Captain C M Enriquez, 21st Punjabis (“Theophilus”) 1916 Archive.org. Biography of the author
- A Burmese Loneliness: a tale of travel in Burma, the Southern Shan States and Keng Tung by Captain C M Enriquez, 21st Punjabis (Burma Military Police: 85th Burma Rifles) 1918 Archive.org.
- A Burmese Wonderland : a Tale of Travel in Lower and Upper Burma by Major C M Enriquez, 3-70th Kachin Rifles, Divisional Recruiting Officer, Burma 1922 with a Map of Burma Archive.org
- A Burmese Arcady, an account of a long and intimate sojourn amongst the mountain dwellers of the Burmese hinterland and of their engaging characteristics and customs by Major C M Enriquez, [3/70th] Kachin Rifles. 1923. Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University.
- Forty years in Burma by Dr J E [John Ebenezer] Marks 1917 Archive.org. He went to Burma in 1859 as a layman for educational purposes in connection with the Society for the Propogation of the Gospel [SPG] at Maulmein. He was ordained Priest in 1866 in Calcutta, and subsequently returned to Burma, as an educational missionary, particularly at St John's College Rangoon, retiring in 1900.
- Tourist guide and shopping list : where to go, what to see, where to shop in Calcutta and Burma 1920 Southeast Asia Visions
- Burma Pictures c 1920 Archive.org
- Burma From The Earliest Times To The Present Day by J G Scott, 1924 is available as a pdf download on the Digital Library of India.
- Burmese Days a novel by George Orwell, first published 1934. eBooks@Adelaide The University of Adelaide Library. Project Gutenberg Australia version The author’s real name was Eric Arthur Blair and the novel is based on his experiences in the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927. Orwell was stationed from December 1926 to June 1927 in the northern town of Katha, on which the fictional town of Kyauktada in Upper Burma in the novel is based. For more details, see George Orwell.
- The Old Burma Road 1945. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Full title: The Old Burma Road. A journey on foot and muleback. From the diary, notes and reminiscences of Doctor N. Bradley. The author spent many years in China as a medical missionary. This is an account of a journey taken in March, 1930 on the granite slab road along which, 650 years earlier, Marco Polo had ridden with his escort of Kublai Khan's horsemen from Yunnan-Fu to Bhamo.
- Rangoon riots in 1930 pages 551-553, India in 1930-1931 Government of India 1932 Archive.org
- Trials in Burma by Maurice Collis 1938 may be read online on the Digital Library of India website, barcode 99999990848901, and is also available as a pdf download, 99999990796111. The author was a member of the Civil Service in Burma, and his autobiography covers the years 1928-1931, particularly his role as District Magistrate of Rangoon, and the riots of 1930. Also see Maurice Collis.
- The Rebellion In Burma (April 1931-March 1932) 1932. Pdf download, Digital Library of India.
- Songs of The Survivors, including the Editor’s Preface Google Books. Stories about the Goan community in Burma and the Trek of 1942
- Burma under the Japanese : Pictures and Portraits by Thakin Nu, Prime Minister of Burma. Edited and translated, with introduction, by J.S. Furnivall 1954 Archive.org
- Burma by D G E Hall 1950. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Contents. Also available in some formats on Archive.org
- Many editions of the SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research are available on Archive.org. The SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research offers current information on Burma research, activities, and resources at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, as well as information on international Burma research of relevance to Burma scholars in the United Kingdom.
- Wil Dijk's "Report on the Archives Of The Dutch East India Company (VOC) as they relate to Burma" Published in the SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research 1.1 (Spring 2003). Archive.org
- History of Services of Gazetted and other Officers serving under the Government of Burma July 1931 Vol I Part II . This Volume is titled Officers of Public Works Department. It is available as a pdf download on the Digital Library of India.
- Inland Water Transport Board (Irrawaddy Section), published July 1952 or later. Archive.org. Information - Passage regulations, schedules etc. Includes a
- Milner, Rowland Family History Donald Mellican Rootsweb India Mailing List 04 September 1999. Retrieved 20 January 2015
- Google Books snippet search result from Joint international business ventures in the Union of Burma, page 18 by U. Tun Thin 1959.
- Victorian Wars Forum
- Anglo Burmese Library Message Boards page at March 2013, now archived.