Kalka-Simla Railway

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Kalka-Simla Railway
Gallery on the line near Dhorampur.jpg
Line of route
Kalka to Simla
Gauge / mileage
2' 6" NG 59 miles (1905)
1903 Opened to traffic
1905 Converted to 2' 6" gauge
1906 Taken over by GoI
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
Stations Kalka, Simla
System agency
1903 Own agency
after 1906 North Western Railway
How to interpret this infobox

The Kalka-Simla Railway (KSR) was a narrow gauge branchline, the final leg in the journey from Delhi via Umballa to the hill town of Simla, the summer retreat of the Viceroy and senior Government of India staff.


Originally built and worked by a private company, the line was opened in 1903 as a 2ft/610mm narrow gauge(NG) railway. Following the decision of the Imperial General Staffs to standardise, wherever possible, on a 2ft 6in/762mm narrow gauge(NG), the track was so converted in 1905.

The KSR was taken over by the Government in 1906 and later worked by the North Western Railway. [1]

The KSR remains one of the longest narrow gauge railway lines still operated by Indian Railways.


Some of the stations on the line, in order from Kalka to Simla.

Building the Railway

Attacks were an ever present threat to the builders of the Railway, who were trained in weaponry by an Instructor of Volunteers.[2]

External links


  1. " Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 127; Retrieved 18 Dec 2015
  2. Benham, Patrick Unattached List, Rootsweb India Mailing List, 12 May 2010. Retrieved on 1 Aug 2014.