Kalka-Simla Railway

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Kalka-Simla Railway
Gallery on the line near Dhorampur.jpg
Line of route
Kalka to Simla
Gauge / mileage
2' 6" NG 59 miles (1905)
Timeline
1903 Opened to traffic
1905 Converted to 2' 6" gauge
1906 Taken over by GoI
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
Stations Kalka, Simla
System agency
1903 Own agency
after 1906 North Western Railway
How to interpret this infobox

The Kalka-Simla Railway (KSR) was a narrow gauge branchline, the final leg in the journey from Delhi via Umballa to the hill town of Simla, the summer retreat of the Viceroy and senior Government of India staff.

History

The Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway Company signed a contact in 1898 for the construction and working of a 2ft/610mm narrow gauge(NG) line from Kalka to Simla. The line was opened to traffic in 1903.

As a result of high capital cost and high maintenance cost the Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway Company was in 1904 in severe financial crisis. Following the decision of the Imperial General Staffs to standardise, wherever possible, on a 2ft 6in/762mm narrow gauge(NG), the track was so converted in 1905.

The KSR was taken over by the Government in January 1906 and later worked by the North Western Railway. [1]

The KSR remains one of the longest narrow gauge railway lines still operated by Indian Railways.

Records

Refer to FIBIS Fact File #4: “Research sources for Indian Railways, 1845-1947” - available from the Fibis shop. This Fact File contains invaluable advice on 'Researching ancestors in the UK records of Indian Railways' with particular reference to the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library

An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway [2] gives 7 references. The most important being:-

  • L/F/8/15/1040 “Umballa Kalka Railway Company Limited, Contract for the construction of the Kalka-Simla Railway; 1898”
  • L/F/8/16/1167 “Delhi, Umballa, Kalka Railway Company Limited, Contract for the sale and purchase of the Kalka-Simla Railway; 1906”
  • L/F/8/16/1106 “Delhi Umalla Kalka Railway Company Limited, Contract for the advance of funds for the completion of the Kalka Simla Railway; 1903”
  • L/AG/46/9 “Records of the Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway Company; 1898-1907”

Stations

Some of the stations on the line, in order from Kalka to Simla.

Building the Railway

Attacks were an ever present threat to the builders of the Railway, who were trained in weaponry by an Instructor of Volunteers.[3]

External links

References

  1. " Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 127; Retrieved 19 Nov 2016
  2. British Library “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved 19 Nov 2016
  3. Benham, Patrick Unattached List, Rootsweb India Mailing List, 12 May 2010. Retrieved on 1 Aug 2014.