Field Marshal Robert Cornelis Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala, GCB GCSI CIE FRS (1810-1890) was a British soldier who came to India in 1828 join the Bengal Engineers. He served in the 1st Sikh War and the 2nd Sikh War before commanding a column in the Black Mountain Expedition 1852-53. In the Indian Mutiny he was adjutant-general to Sir James Outram and defended Lucknow during the second siege. He then took part in the Central India Campaign. In the 2nd China War Napier commanded part of the expeditionary force under Sir James Hope Grant. In 1863, Napier was acting Governor-General for two weeks. His greatest success was to lead the Abyssinian Campaign in 1867 after which he was created Baron Napier of Magdala. He was Commander-in-Chief in India from 1870 to 1876 when he left India.