In 1819, the British East India Company, led by Sir Stamford Raffles, established a trading post on the island of Singapore, which was used as a port along the spice route.
- Ecclesiastical Returns: Baptisms, Marriages and Burials at the British Library. Prince of Wales Island [Penang], Malacca and Singapore 1799-1829 in IOR N/8. These records are included in the digitised records now available on the commercial site findmypast
- The FamilySearch (LDS) film number for these records is 498606, item 2. LDS batch number for baptisms 1828-1829 C310051. Data for the baptisms 1828-1829 has been transcribed on the LDS website Family Search. Enter batch number C310051, and baptismal records for Singapore on film 498606 will be shown. It is not known whether the data is a complete transcription or not. These records are in the World category (All Records Collections) in a group of records called World Miscellaneous.
- Returns are continued in the Bengal returns 1830-1868, N/1. For Malacca marriages 1820-1824, see also IOR: R/9/39/3.
- This FamilySearch (LDS) catalogue entry gives details of the church and cemetery records available for Singapore.
- BACSA has published the book Singapore: Early Cemeteries by Alan Harfield 1988 (revised edn) "Comprehensive record of all main cemeteries. 400pp, over 150 illustrations, maps and plans". See BACSA Books. This book is included in the BACSA Search database which is free to search. If you want a copy of the full record, a fee applies.
- British & Indian Armies in the East Indies (1685-1935) by Alan Harfield 1984 is available at the British Library. History of British and Indian Armies in Sumatra, Java, Sarawak, Malaya and Singapore from 1685-1935. Includes names of officers and men buried in these areas. Also includes name lists of persons in some military units which served in these areas.
- Singapore Straits Times 1845-1982 (search) Full articles may now be viewed. (Previously searches could provide results to be explored on microfilm where available, such as at British Library, and Monash University Library, Victoria, Australia (catalogue entry).
- Raffles and the Golden Opportunity by Victoria Glendinning, published 2012.
- This book has been reviewed by Beverly Hallam in FIBIS Journal Number 30 (Autumn 2013) page 43
- For 1915 Singapore Mutiny, see 5th Light Infantry, Indian Army
- Singapore Wikipedia
- Singapore in the Straits Settlements era Wikipedia
- Thomas Stamford Raffles Wikipedia
- Straits Settlements Wikipedia
- Singapore Infopedia National Library of Singapore
- ICA (The Immigration & Checkpoints Authority, Singapore Government) maintains birth and death records which were registered in Singapore since 1872. Online Birth and Death Extracts Application System (eXtracts Online)
- National Library Board, Singapore:
- Lee Kong Chian Reference Library
- Tracing Roots: Resource Guide to the Lee Kong Chian Reference Library (LKCRL), ( a pdf brochure, now no longer available), advised resources includes Directories on microfilm, for years additional to those available in digital editions.
- Also see External links- Other, below
- BookSG "A digital collection of Singapore and Southeast Asia's print heritage". Includes Directories, refer below. The majority of the Directories are in the category 'Commerce and Industry', but the volume for 1867-1869 is in the category Events. There is also an 1821 Directory for Prince of Wales Island (Penang) in the category Organisations.
- Rare Maps Collection A digital collection of Singapore and Southeast Asia's print heritage from BookSG
- Newspapers. Refer above.
- Lee Kong Chian Reference Library
- National Archives of Singapore, includes Access to Archives Online.
- National Heritage Board including the National Museum of Singapore
- Remember Singapore remembersingapore.org
- National Library of Singapore by P.J. Thum, National University of Singapore. April 17, 2013 dissertationreviews.org
- Family History Records at the National Library of Singapore November 5, 2013 FamilySearch Wiki. Retrieved 19 November 2014
- Eurasians in Singapore Wikipedia
- Rootsweb Singapore Mailing List - for details refer Mailing lists
- St Andrew's Cathedral, Singapore Church of England. flickr.com. St. Andrews Cathedral victorianweb.org.
- Cathedral of the Good Shepherd Roman Catholic. victorianweb.org
- Church of Sts. Peter and Paul Roman Catholic. victorianweb.org
- Chapel, Former Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus Singapore Roman Catholic. victorianweb.org
- Church of Saint Gregory the Illuminator (The Armenian Church) victorianweb.org
- Peter Stubbs’ Fort Siloso including A Soldier’s Home [in the 1880s]
- Singapore And Malaya Volunteer Corps Medals 10 March 2013 from “Singapore Volunteer Corps, Straits Settlements Volunteer Force, Malaya Volunteer Forces”
- Official website of the Malaysian Dutch Descendants Project includes History of the Dutch and Dutch-Eurasians in Malaysia. Many Dutch Eurasians moved from Malacca to Singapore from the middle of the nineteenth century.
- Remnants of Jews in Singapore by Barbara Kingstone January 17, 2011 indulgedtraveler.com, now an archived webpage. Retrieved 29 May 2014
- The Jewish Community of Singapore bh.org.il. Retrieved 19 November 2014
- Article about golf courses from the New York Times, dated January 8, 1899. Includes a description of the Sepoy golf links at Singapore with its uniquely named greens.
- Food Culture in Colonial Asia: A Taste of Empire by Cecilia Y. Leong-Salobir, University of Wollongong 2011. Mainly in respect of India, but also includes Malaysia and Singapore.
- "Spreading the word: using cookbooks and colonial memoirs to examine the foodways of British Colonials in Asia, 1850-1900" by Cecilia Y. Leong-Salobir, University of Wollongong. From The Routledge History of Food 2015 (pp. 131-155)
Historical photographs online
- Royal Commonwealth Society Library. University of Cambridge Digital Library.
- A series of 160 images of Singapore from circa 1880s to circa 1940s, originally from a collection of The British Association of Malaysia and Singapore, now in the Royal Commonwealth Society Library.
- Lillian Newton photograph collection of Singapore circa 1894-circa 1925
Historical books online
- Also see Malaysia
- Directories from BookSG
- Prince of Wales Island: Annual register and directory 1821
- The Singapore almanack and directory 1853-1855, 1857, Royal Almanac 1859-1860, 1856
- The Straits calendar and directory 1861-1863, Royal Almanac 1864; 1865-1866, 1867-1869, 1870-1871
- The Singapore directory for the Straits Settlements 1877, 1879
- The Singapore and Straits directory for 1881
- The Singapore almanack and directory for the year 1856 is available to download as a pdf from the [Digital] Sejarah Melayu Library, located in the General section. Scroll down to T, and scroll further to The S…
- The Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, the Philippines, &c. For a range of editions to 1922, see China
- Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles...particularly in the government of Java, 1811-1816, Bencoolen and its dependencies, 1817-1824: (etc) Volume 1, by Sophia Raffles (1835), Volume 2 Google Books.
- Singapore and Malacca 1825-1826 page 231 Bits of Old China by William C Hunter 1885 Archive.org
- Travels in South-Eastern Asia (etc) by Howard Malcolm (2nd edition 1839) 2 volumes in one, Google Books. Singapore in 1837 commences page 81 of Book 2.
- Political and Statistical Account of the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca: Viz. Pinang, Malacca, and Singapore, with a History of the Malayan States on the Peninsula of Malacca by T J Newbold 1839 Google Books Volume I, Volume II
- Statistics of the Colonies of the British Empire from the Official Records of the Colonial Office by Robert Montgomery Martin 1839 Google Books. Book IV- Possessions in Asia "Chapter V-Singapore (Singhapura)" pages 408-412
- "The Eastern Settlements: Singapore, Prince of Wales Island, Malacca" page 283 The Bengal and Agra Annual Guide and Gazetteer for 1842 Volume II Google Books. Includes Lists of Inhabitants.
- "Cultivation Of Nutmegs At Singapore" is an article from Transactions of the Society, Instituted at London, for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, Volume 54. January 1, 1843. Archive.org
- The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. Various weekly editions during 1843. The text needs to be greatly enlarged. Archive.org (Catalogued as 1835)
- Trade and Travel in the Far East; Or, Recollections of Twenty-one Years Passed in Java, Singapore, Australia, and China by G.F. Davidson (1846). Singapore is covered in Chapters 3 and 4. Google Books
- The Burney Papers. Cover the period 1825 to 1849. See Thailand.
- The Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia. Published at Singapore Volumes 1-9 1847-1855; New Series Volumes 1-4 1856-59/63.
- A Gazetteer of Southern India: with the Tenasserim Provinces and Singapore by Pharoah &Co (1855). Singapore, page 725
- Memorandum on the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca by John Crawfurd 1858 Google Books (Missing pages 1-3) Penang, Malacca and Singapore.
- "Singapore" page 292 Reports on mountain and marine sanitaria; medical and statistical observations on civil stations and military cantonments, jails - dispensaries - regiments - barracks, &c. within the Presidency of Madras, the Straits of Malacca, the Andaman Islands, and British Burmah from January 1858 to January 1862] by Inspector General of Hospitals Duncan Macpherson. 1862 Archive.org. Part of the series Selections from the Records of the Madras Government.
- Our Tropical Possessions in Malayan India: Being a Descriptive Account of Singapore, Penang, Province Wellesley, and Malacca: Their Peoples, Products, Commerce and Government by John Cameron. 1865 Google Books
- Records of sport in Southern India : chiefly on the Annamullay, Nielgherry and Pulney mountains, also including notes on Singapore, Java and Labuan, from journals written between 1844 and 1870 by the late General Douglas Hamilton, Madras Army 1892 Archive.org
- Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1878-1922. In 1923 the title changed to Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Multiple volumes: Archive.org; Pdf downloads, Digital Library of India under the title Journal of the Straits Branch; Pdf downloads, Digital Library of India under the title Journal of the Malayan Branch from Volume 1 1923. Restricted access Hathi Trust Digital Library may be available to viewers in North America and some other countries A, B and C, including index volumes. Also see Malaysia.
- Index to journals nos. 1 to 50 of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society and to notes and queries I to IV, published 1909. BookSG (which also has 1878 and 1880 editions)
- An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore (1819-1867) Volume 1 Volume 2 by Charles Burton Buckley 1902 Archive.org
- Reminiscences of an Indian Official by General Sir Orfeur Cavenagh 1884 Archive.org. The author joined the Bengal Army in 1837. After the Indian Mutiny he was appointed Governor of the Straits Settlement, where he remained until transfer of the administration of the Straits Settlement to the Colonial Office in April 1867.
- Two Years in the Jungle : the Experiences of a Hunter and Naturalist in India, Ceylon, the Malay Peninsula and Borneo by William T Hornaday, Chief Taxidermist, US National Museum 1885 Archive.org. Contains a chapter on Singapore.
- The stranger's guide to Singapore with maps Compiled by B E D' Aranjo 1890. BookSG
- Handbook to Singapore with Map, and a Plan of the Botanical Gardens by George Murray Reith 1892 Archive.org
- A Visit to Java : with an Account of the Founding of Singapore by William Basil Worsfold 1893 Archive.org
- Prisoners their own warders: a record of the convict prison at Singapore in the Straits Settlements, established 1825, discontinued 1873, together with a cursory history of the convict establishments at Bencoolen, Penang and Malacca from the year 1797 by Major J. F. A. McNair, assisted by W. D. Bayliss. 1899 Archive.org
- Sophia Cooke, or, Forty-two years' work in Singapore by by E A Walker, 1899 Archive.org
- Sunny Singapore : an account of the place and its people, with a sketch of the results of missionary work by the Rev J A Bethune Cook 2nd Edition 1907 Archive.org
- Federated Malay States Railways : pamphlet of information for travellers : tours in the Malay Peninsula 1914 Archive.org. Includes
- One hundred years of Singapore : being some account of the capital of the Straits Settlements from its foundation by Sir Stamford Raffles on the 6th February 1819 to the 6th February 1919. Edited by Walter Makepeace, Dr Gilbert R Brooke. Roland St J Braddell 1921. Volume I, Volume II Archive.org
- Singapore Patrol by Alec Dixon, 1935. Pdf download, National Library of Malaysia. The author who joined the Straits Settlements Police postwar was one of a small force of detectives, where riots, murders, and robberies, occurred with alarming frequency. Full title (perhaps only in some editions): Singapore Patrol: Experiences of a Detective Officer in Malaya. Review The Straits Times, 6 December 1935 gov.sg. Review The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW) 14 Dec 1935
- Return to Malaya R.H.Bruce Lockhart 1936 Archive.org. The author had previously left Malaya c 1910. Also includes references to Singapore.
- CSCA: Source Documents on the Study of Christianity in Asia Online books from CSCA [The Centre for the Study of Christianity in Asia] Trinity Theological College, Singapore. There also seem to be a few books of a more general nature.
- Love Unites People : Memoirs of a Christian Worker in Singapore from 1913 to 1959 (or direct pdf) by George Daniel 1957. He was also in Bombay 1906-1908, and Rangoon 1908-1913. He was a Choirister and Server in Anglican Churches.
- CSCA: Source Documents in Anglican Missions in Southeast Asia compiled by Michael Poon. anglicanhistory.org
Medical history of Singapore
- "History Of Medicine In Singapore” by J S Cheah Singapore Medical Journal 1997 Volume 38 (6)
- Articles by Y K Lee in the online Singapore Medical Journal
- “The General Hospital in Early Singapore" “Part I 1819-1829” 1973 Mar 14 (1) 37-41 "Part II 1830—1839” 1973 Dec 14(4) 519-
- “Forensic Medicine in Early Singapore Part I 1819-1839” 1974 Mar 15(1) p 84-90
- “A Brief Introduction to the Early History of Surgery in Singapore” "Part I" 1997 Volume 38(6) "Part II" 1997 Volume 38(7) "Part III" 1997 Volume 38(8):353–355
- "Private practitioners and private hospitals in early Singapore (1819-1872)" 2005 Sep; 46(9):489-503
- Other articles by Y K Lee about the early medical history of Singapore in the Singapore Medical Journal available online (search by year) are in respect of:
- Cholera (1973 Mar)
- The Pauper Hospital (8 Parts-1973 Mar; 1974 Mar; 1975 Jun; 1975 Sep; 1975 Dec; 1976 Mar; 1976 Jun; 1976 Sep)
- Smallpox and Vaccination (4 Parts- 1973 Dec; 1976 Dec; 1977 Mar; 1977 Jun)
- Prostitution And Venereal Disease (2 Parts-1980 Oct; 1980 Dec)
- The Mental Diseases Hospital Singapore (1st 100 Years) (4 Parts-1992 Aug; 1992 Oct;1992 Dec;1993 Feb)
- The Coroner (2005 Oct)
- Radiology (2006 Feb)
- Anaesthetics (2006 Mar)
- Pharmacy (2006 May).
- "Lunatics and Lunatic Asylums in Early Singapore" (1819-1869) by Y K Lee Med Hist. 1973 January; 17(1): 16–36. html version, pdf
- “A Century of Medical & University Education in Singapore (1905-2005)” Annals Academy of Medicine Singapore Vol 34 No. 6 July 2005 Contains many articles about the medical history of Singapore, including some by Y K Lee