Tirhoot State Railway

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Tirhoot State Railway
[[Image:|150px| ]]
Line of route
Semaria Ghat to Muzaffarpur
Gauge / mileage
Metre gauge 566 miles (1905)
1874 Construction work begun
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
System agency
1890 Bengal and North-Western Railway
How to interpret this infobox

The Tirhoot State Railway (TSR) was one of the first metre gauge(MG) railways promoted by the Government of India(GoI).


The Tirhoot State Railway (TSR) was originally named Tirhut Railway as a temporary famine relief line in 1874 and owned by the Provincial Government. Ownership is believed to have been later transferred to the Government of India. The railway was worked by the GoI as part of the Indian State Railways from opening to late 1886 and then by Tirhoot State Railway (TSR) from late 1886 to 30th June 1890. [1]

TSR was then worked by Bengal and North Western Railway (B&NWR) from 1st July 1890.

TSR was merged into the Oudh and Tirhut Railway on 1st January 1943

Branch Railways of TSR

  • Nirmali Branch Railway (Metre gauge: 45 miles) - Opened as Darbhanga State Railway 1883-84; became Nirmali Branch of Tirhoot Railway; worked by B&NWR 1886-1890; then Tirhoot State Railway (TSR)
  • Sakri-Jainager Branch Railway ( Metre gauge: 30 miles) - opened 14 January 1905
  • Jaynagar Branch - opened 14 January 1905
  • Patna branch (Metre gauge: 1 mile) - opened 1884
  • Samastipur-Narkatiaganj loop (Metre gauge: 142 miles) - opened 1875
  • Jaynagar branch (Metre gauge: 30 miles) - opened 1905
  • Bhiknathori branch (Metre gauge: 21 miles) - opened 1906
  • Semaria Ghat branch (Metre gauge: 7 miles) - opened 1 May 1883
  • Jaynagar branch (Metre gauge: 30 miles) - opened 1905
  • Supaul branch (Metre gauge: 45 miles) - opened 1907
  • Madhepura branch (Metre gauge: 12 miles) - opened 1908, extended 1918
  • Budhamghat branch (Metre gauge: 14 miles) - opened 1908

Lines worked by TSR

  • Segowlie-Raxaul Railway – Privately owned; opened 1899 and worked by B&NWR; Absorbed by Tirhoot State Railway c.1920


Refer to FIBIS Fact File #4: “Research sources for Indian Railways, 1845-1947” - available from the Fibis shop. This Fact File contains invaluable advice on 'Researching ancestors in the UK records of Indian Railways' with particular reference to the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library

An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway [2] gives the following: -

  • L/F/8/20/1749 “Bengal and North-Western Railway Company Limited, Contract for construction and working of new extensions of the Bengal and North-Western and Tirhoot State Railway systems; 1928"


  1. " Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; pages 162-164; Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  2. “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved Jan 2016