31st Regiment of Foot

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Also known as The Young Buffs.



  • 1702 raised as Villiers’ Marines by Colonel George Villiers
  • 1703 became Luttrell’s Marines after Lt-Col Alexander Luttrell
  • 1706 became Churchill’s Marines under Joshua Churchill
  • 1711 became Goring's Regiment under Sir Henry Goring
  • 1716 became Kerr's Regiment
  • 1727 became Cathcart's Regiment
  • 1730 became Hargrave's Regiment
  • 1737 became Handasyde's Regiment
  • 1745 became Beauclerk's Regiment
  • 1749 became Holme's Regiment
  • 1751 became 31st Regiment of Foot
  • 1758 second battalion became 70th (Glasgow Lowland) Regiment of Foot
  • 1782 became 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot
  • 1881 amalgamated with 70th Regiment of Foot and became 1st Bn the East Surrey Regiment
  • 1959 amalgamated with Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) to form the The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment.
  • 1966 amalgamated to become 1st Battalion The Queen's Regiment

Also see

Regimental journal

The British Library has the following catalogue references:
Regimental News no. 5-vol. 2. no. 40. August 1920-May 1929.
The Journal of the East Surrey Regiment. vol. 2. no. 41-vol. 3. no. 68. August 1929-May 1936. and [New series.] vol. 1. no. 1-vol. 8. no. 5. November 1936-October 1959. Not published between May 1939 and November 1946.

Also available at the Surrey History Centre, refer below.

External links

Access to Archives catalogue entry for the records at the Surrey History Centre.
Image: The Thirty-first Regiment, with M. Genl. Sir Harry Smith's Division, engaged at the Battle of Sobraon, February 10th 1846 Henry Martens, artist 1848. Brown University Library Digital Repository.
Engravings of battles during the 1st Sikh War. Brown University Library Digital Repository.

Historical books online