Difference between revisions of "34th Regiment of Foot"

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Also known as '''The Border Regiment'''
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Also known as '''The Border Regiment'''.
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== Chronology ==
 
== Chronology ==
 
*'''1702''' raised in East Anglia as Lord Lucas's Regiment of Foot
 
*'''1702''' raised in East Anglia as Lord Lucas's Regiment of Foot
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*'''1751''' numbered the 34th Regiment of Foot
 
*'''1751''' numbered the 34th Regiment of Foot
 
*'''1782''' became the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot  
 
*'''1782''' became the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot  
*'''1881''' amalgamated with the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot to become the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment
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*'''1881''' amalgamated with the [[55th Regiment of Foot|55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot]] to become the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment
 
*'''1959''' amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to become 2nd Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment as part of the King's Division
 
*'''1959''' amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to become 2nd Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment as part of the King's Division
 
*'''2006''' merged with the other regiments of North West England to become The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
 
*'''2006''' merged with the other regiments of North West England to become The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
  
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== Service in India ==
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*'''1801''' Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (Kaffir War)
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*'''1802''' India
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*'''1805''' [[Wallajabad]]
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*'''1806-10''' [[Bellary]]
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*'''1812-14''' [[Secunderabad]]
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*'''1816''' [[Vellore]]
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*'''1817-18''' [[3rd Maratha War]] (Pindari Campaign)
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*'''1819''' [[Bangalore]]
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*'''1820''' [[Madras]]
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*'''1822''' [[Wallajabad]]
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*'''1823'''  [[Madras]] then to England
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*'''1857'''  [[Indian Mutiny]] - see below
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*'''1861-62''' [[Fyzabad]]
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*'''1865-67''' [[Moorar]] then to England
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*'''1876-78''' [[Ferozepore]]
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*'''1879-80''' Bengal/[[Afghanistan]]
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*'''1881''' [[Agra]]
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*'''1885''' [[Sialkot]]
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*'''1889''' [[Burma]] then to England
  
{{Template:Origin|text=The Brief History and Bibliography below  was part of the Family History in India website, which was designed by Cathy Day to help people trace their British and European ancestry in colonial India. Cathy has kindly let us transfer this information to our wiki.}}
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===Indian Mutiny===
== Brief History ==
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The 34th Foot landed in India during the [[Indian Mutiny]] after having spent approximately one year back in England following their involvement in the Crimean War (where they served in the siege of Sebastopol and the attack upon the Redan). The 34th saw significant service during the Mutiny following their arrival in [[Calcutta]] in October of 1857, serving at [[Cawnpore]], at the final siege and reduction of the city of [[Lucknow]] and finally in the [[Trans-Gogra Campaign]] against the fleeing rebels in Nepal in early 1859. See the [[88th Regiment of Foot]] for details on some of these actions.
*1801  Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
 
*1816-1817  [[Vellore]]  
 
*1817-1818  3rd Maharatta War (Pindari Campaign)  
 
*1819-1820 [[Bangalore]]  
 
*1820 [[Madras]]  
 
*1822  [[Wallajabad]]  
 
*1823  [[Madras]]  
 
*1842  Portsmouth, England
 
*1857 [[Indian Mutiny]] - see [[88th Regiment of Foot]]
 
  
 
== Bibliography ==
 
== Bibliography ==
'''In Search of the Forlorn Hope: A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and their Records (1640 to WWI)''' by John Kitzmiller ISBN 0961926031
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John Kitzmiller, ''In Search of the Forlorn Hope: A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and their Records (1640 to WWI)'', 2 vols (Salt Lake City: Manuscript Publishing Foundation, 1988), ISBN 0961926031
  
'''The Colonial Wars Source Book''' by Philip Haythornthwaite ISBN 1854091964  
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Philip Haythornthwaite, ''The Colonial Wars Source Book'' (London: Arms & Armour, 1996), ISBN 1854091964; (London: Caxton, 2000) ISBN 185409436X
  
'''British Army Pensioners Abroad''' by Norman K. Crowder ISBN 0806314605  
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Norman K Crowder, ''British Army Pensioners Abroad'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub Co, 1995), ISBN 0806314605
  
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==Death by duel at Vellore June 1805==
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Murder by pistol duel of Captain James Bull by Lieutenant Richard Sandys (Sands) 5 June 1805 at Vellore, Madras Presidency
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*[http://www.archive.org/stream/cu31924027998024#page/n189/mode/2up/search/Bull ''Memoirs of George Elers, Captain in the 12th Regiment of Foot (1777-1842)''] 1903, page 171 Archive.org
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=zV9HAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA231  ''A collection of the charges, opinions, and sentences of general courts martial: as published by authority; from the year 1795 to the present time''] by Charles James 1820, page 231 Google Books
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== External Links ==
 
== External Links ==
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/34th_(Cumberland)_Regiment_of_Foot 34th Regiment of Foot] Wikipedia<br>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Border_Regiment The Border Regiment] Wikipedia<br>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_King%27s_Own_Royal_Border_Regiment King's Own Royal Border Regiment] Wikipedia
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*[http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/britishinfantry/34thfoot.htm 34th Regiment of Foot] www.britishempire.co.uk<br />
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/34th_(Cumberland)_Regiment_of_Foot 34th Regiment of Foot] Wikipedia<br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Border_Regiment The Border Regiment] Wikipedia<br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_King%27s_Own_Royal_Border_Regiment King's Own Royal Border Regiment] Wikipedia<br>
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*[http://web.archive.org/web/20071012140237/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/inf/034-702.htm 34th (the Cumberland) Regiment of Foot] including [http://web.archive.org/web/20071221212850/http://regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/034-1.htm deployments] Regiments.org, an archived website.
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*[http://web.archive.org/web/20071215184640/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/inf/034Bordr.htm The Border Regiment] including  deployments: [http://web.archive.org/web/20071221212850/http://regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/034-1.htm 1st Battalion], [http://web.archive.org/web/20071217114916/http://www.regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/055-1.htm 2nd Battalion] Regiments.org, an archived website.
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*[http://www.cumbriasmuseumofmilitarylife.org Cumbria’s Museum of Military Life]. It houses the collections of Cumbria’s County Infantry Regiment –  the 34th  Cumberland and [[55th Regiment of Foot| 55th]] Westmorland Regiments 1702-1881, which became The Border Regiment 1881-1959.
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*[http://sites.google.com/site/laurieletters/1-introduction Irregular Correspondence] is a collection of letters by the three eldest sons of John and Eliza Laurie, to their parents. Includes the letters, enroute to India in 1857 and from India 1858-1861, of Julius Laurie of the 34th Foot. He arrived in India as a Lieutenant and became a Captain by purchase in 1861.  (Website by William Dyson-Laurie)
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*[http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/regiments-and-corps/the-british-infantry-regiments-of-1914-1918/border-regiment/ Border Regiment] longlongtrail.co.uk. [[First World War#British Army Territorial Force troops in India|Territorial Force]] !/4 and  2/4 (Cumberland and Westmoreland) Battalion, Border Regiment sailed for India 29 September 1914 and  4 March 1915, and were in Burma and  in India throughout the [[First World War]].
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*[http://www.king-emperor.com/2-4%20Border%20Regiment.html 2/4 Border Regiment in India 1916-1919] includes photographs taken at Gharial, ([[Murree]] Hills), and the Mohmand Blockade Line. king-emperor.com
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*9th Battalion, The Border Regiment in Assam and Burma  by tikhaiall BBC WW2 People’s War
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/user/46/u556046.shtml (Untitled) 9th Battalion, The Border Regiment] (undated)
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/26/a2207026.shtml 9th Border] 16 January 2004
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/16/a2207116.shtml 9th Border: In Assam] 16 January 2004
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/85/a2419085.shtml 9 Border and "Pots and Pans"] 12 March 2004
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/16/a2422216.shtml More from "Pots and Pans": 9th Borders in Burma] 14 March 2004
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*[https://web.archive.org/web/20160304080911/https://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/Regimental_History.pdf “The Regimental History of the Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment”] army.mod.uk, now an archived webpage.
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:The constituent regiments are the [[4th Regiment of Foot|4th]], [[8th Regiment of Foot|8th]], [[30th Regiment of Foot|30th]], [[34th Regiment of Foot|34th]], [[40th Regiment of Foot|40th]], [[47th Regiment of Foot|47th]], [[55th Regiment of Foot|55th]], [[59th Regiment of Foot|59th]], [[63rd Regiment of Foot|63rd]], [[81st Regiment of Foot|81st]], [[82nd Regiment of Foot|82nd]] and  [[96th Regiment of Foot|96th]] Regiments of Foot.
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====Historical books on-line====
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*[https://archive.org/details/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog ''A historical account of the services of the 34th & 55th regiments, the linked line battalions in the 2nd or Cumberland & Westmorland subdistrict brigade, from the periods of their formation until the present time''  by George Noakes 1875] (Archive.org) Note:  the history of the two regiments is intertwined.<br>
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:The 34th landed at Madras in 1803, [http://www.archive.org/stream/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog#page/n66/mode/1up page 50]<br>
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:The following pages are also relevant:
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:[http://www.archive.org/stream/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog#page/n74/mode/1up  page 58], [http://www.archive.org/stream/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog#page/n77/mode/1up/ page 61],  [http://www.archive.org/stream/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog#page/n145/mode/1up page 131] for service from 1857<br>
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:[http://www.archive.org/stream/ahistoricalacco01noakgoog#page/n88/mode/1up Page 72] advises that the practice of providing an evening meal was started in the 34th Regiment and was later adopted generally in the Army.<br>
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*[https://archive.org/details/sketchesofindia00sherrich ''Sketches of India''] by 'An Officer for Fire-Side Travellers At-Home' [Captain Moyle Sherer] 2nd edition, with additions 1824 Archive.org. The author arrived in Madras in July 1818, and left a year later for Calcutta. The author's  [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moyle_Sherer Wikipedia] page indicates he was with the 34th Regiment of Foot.
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*[http://archive.org/stream/diaryof24thbatta00carliala#page/n3/mode/2up ''Diary of 2/4th Battalion the Border Regiment, 1914-19''] in India and Afghanistan. This Battalion was formed during the [[First World War]] and was part of the Territorial Force. Archive.org
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**Includes a [http://archive.org/stream/diaryof24thbatta00carliala#page/24/mode/2up list of those who died]
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[[Category: British Army Infantry Regiments]]
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[[Category: British Army Infantry Regiments]]''

Latest revision as of 12:15, 25 April 2019

Also known as The Border Regiment.

Chronology

  • 1702 raised in East Anglia as Lord Lucas's Regiment of Foot
  • 1712 disbanded
  • 1715 reformed
  • 1751 numbered the 34th Regiment of Foot
  • 1782 became the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot to become the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment
  • 1959 amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to become 2nd Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment as part of the King's Division
  • 2006 merged with the other regiments of North West England to become The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

Service in India

Indian Mutiny

The 34th Foot landed in India during the Indian Mutiny after having spent approximately one year back in England following their involvement in the Crimean War (where they served in the siege of Sebastopol and the attack upon the Redan). The 34th saw significant service during the Mutiny following their arrival in Calcutta in October of 1857, serving at Cawnpore, at the final siege and reduction of the city of Lucknow and finally in the Trans-Gogra Campaign against the fleeing rebels in Nepal in early 1859. See the 88th Regiment of Foot for details on some of these actions.

Bibliography

John Kitzmiller, In Search of the Forlorn Hope: A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and their Records (1640 to WWI), 2 vols (Salt Lake City: Manuscript Publishing Foundation, 1988), ISBN 0961926031

Philip Haythornthwaite, The Colonial Wars Source Book (London: Arms & Armour, 1996), ISBN 1854091964; (London: Caxton, 2000) ISBN 185409436X

Norman K Crowder, British Army Pensioners Abroad (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub Co, 1995), ISBN 0806314605

Death by duel at Vellore June 1805

Murder by pistol duel of Captain James Bull by Lieutenant Richard Sandys (Sands) 5 June 1805 at Vellore, Madras Presidency

External Links

The constituent regiments are the 4th, 8th, 30th, 34th, 40th, 47th, 55th, 59th, 63rd, 81st, 82nd and 96th Regiments of Foot.

Historical books on-line

The 34th landed at Madras in 1803, page 50
The following pages are also relevant:
page 58, page 61, page 131 for service from 1857
Page 72 advises that the practice of providing an evening meal was started in the 34th Regiment and was later adopted generally in the Army.