34th Regiment of Foot

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Also known as The Border Regiment.


  • 1702 raised in East Anglia as Lord Lucas's Regiment of Foot
  • 1712 disbanded
  • 1715 reformed
  • 1751 numbered the 34th Regiment of Foot
  • 1782 became the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot to become the 1st Battalion The Border Regiment
  • 1959 amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) to become 2nd Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment as part of the King's Division
  • 2006 merged with the other regiments of North West England to become The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

Service in India

Indian Mutiny

The 34th Foot landed in India during the Indian Mutiny after having spent approximately one year back in England following their involvement in the Crimean War (where they served in the siege of Sebastopol and the attack upon the Redan). The 34th saw significant service during the Mutiny following their arrival in Calcutta in October of 1857, serving at Cawnpore, at the final siege and reduction of the city of Lucknow and finally in the Trans-Gogra Campaign against the fleeing rebels in Nepal in early 1859. See the 88th Regiment of Foot for details on some of these actions.


John Kitzmiller, In Search of the Forlorn Hope: A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and their Records (1640 to WWI), 2 vols (Salt Lake City: Manuscript Publishing Foundation, 1988), ISBN 0961926031

Philip Haythornthwaite, The Colonial Wars Source Book (London: Arms & Armour, 1996), ISBN 1854091964; (London: Caxton, 2000) ISBN 185409436X

Norman K Crowder, British Army Pensioners Abroad (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub Co, 1995), ISBN 0806314605

Death by duel at Vellore June 1805

Murder by pistol duel of Captain James Bull by Lieutenant Richard Sandys (Sands) 5 June 1805 at Vellore, Madras Presidency

External Links

Historical books on-line

The 34th landed at Madras in 1803, page 50
The following pages are also relevant:
page 58, page 61, page 131 for service from 1857
Page 72 advises that the practice of providing an evening meal was started in the 34th Regiment and was later adopted generally in the Army.