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Christ Church Kasauli.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 30.9°N 76.96°E
Altitude: 1795m (5889 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Kasauli
State/Province: Himachal Pradesh
Country: India
Transport links
Kalka-Simla Railway

Kasauli is a small town in the foothills of the Himalayas. It was attached to the Ambala District during the British period and, together with Dagshai and Subathu, was one of a number of hill depots created by the British army in the mid-19th century for the families and some of the troops to escape the hot weather which was so unhealthy in the plains.[1] Up to at least 1870 it was used as a convalescent depot.[2]

The town sits on the ridge of a wooded hill on the road between Chandigarh and Simla. Nearby towns include Kalka.

The Lawrence Military Asylum, now the Lawrence School is situated in nearby Sanawar.


Spelling variants

Modern name: Kasauli
Variants: Kussowlee/Kussowlie/Kasowli/Kasooli


The nearest station is a few miles east at Dharampur on the Kalka-Simla Railway. The station at Kalka is a several miles south of Kasauli.


  • Christ Church - Anglican (pictured). In 2001, The Tribune described the church as somewhat dilapidated but noted the high quality fittings and glass.[3]


BACSA has files on Kasauli in their British Library archive, search for cemetery reference here. The photographs show the wooded, hillside cemetery in poor condition.


The Pasteur Institute, for treatment of rabies, and the Central Research Institute, for research into tropical diseases, were opened at Kasauli in July 1900. In 1905 the control of the institutes was separated, but combined again in 1911. [4]

External links

Postcard: Kasauli from above Belvedere looking NW. 1915 Images of Asia, now archived.

Historical books online

  • Kasuali Imperial Gazetteer
  • "Kussowlie" page 157 A Guide to Simla: With a Descriptive Account of the Neighbouring Sanitaria, Subathoo, Dugshaie, Sunawur, Kussowlie, Kotegurh, Chini, &c., &c., &c‬ by W H Carey 1870 Google Books
  • "Kasauli: A Hill Station" page 146 Many Camps : Sketches of Indian Life by Arthur Waltham Howlett 1912 (articles republished from the Manchester Guardian) Google Books. Howlett was at that time an Indian Army doctor with the Indian Medical Service.


  1. Kennedy, David. Re: HURST Rootsweb India Mailing List 2 September 1998, now archived.
  2. page 373, Abstract of the proceedings of the Sanitary Commissioner with the Government of India, for the months of January, February, March and April 1870 Google Books
  3. Sharma, Ambika "Architecture of Kasauli churches" The Tribune (Chandigarh), March 2, 2001 [Accessed 25th Feb 2010]
  4. British Medical Journal 7 February 1914 [Accessed 13 June 2011]