Difference between revisions of "Maritime Service"

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**[http://blogs.rmg.co.uk/memorials/ Maritime Memorials] in respect of ships’ crews’ deaths. Search  for entries for India,  Burma, Burmah and Myanmar, Ceylon  and Sri Lanka, and other countries such as China, Singapore etc. (Entries for Karachi were classified as India)<ref> Some entries are listed in  [https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/india.rootsweb.com/thread/312109/  Maritime cemetery entries from  National Maritime Museum website] ''Rootsweb India Mailing List'' 5 January 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2018. The correct [http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year ''Notes and Queries''] reference for the Karachi burials mentioned is either Vol 170/171 1936 or Vol 176 1939.</ref>, or search by name.  An associated National Maritime Museum website.
 
**[http://blogs.rmg.co.uk/memorials/ Maritime Memorials] in respect of ships’ crews’ deaths. Search  for entries for India,  Burma, Burmah and Myanmar, Ceylon  and Sri Lanka, and other countries such as China, Singapore etc. (Entries for Karachi were classified as India)<ref> Some entries are listed in  [https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/india.rootsweb.com/thread/312109/  Maritime cemetery entries from  National Maritime Museum website] ''Rootsweb India Mailing List'' 5 January 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2018. The correct [http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year ''Notes and Queries''] reference for the Karachi burials mentioned is either Vol 170/171 1936 or Vol 176 1939.</ref>, or search by name.  An associated National Maritime Museum website.
 
**[http://1915crewlists.rmg.co.uk Crew Lists of the British Merchant Navy-1915] National Maritime Museum.  The crews originated from all over the world and on some vessels the British nationals were in a minority
 
**[http://1915crewlists.rmg.co.uk Crew Lists of the British Merchant Navy-1915] National Maritime Museum.  The crews originated from all over the world and on some vessels the British nationals were in a minority
*See  the Fibiwiki page [[Ireland]] for Irish Crew Lists 1863-1921.  Crews could originate from all over the world.  
+
*See  the Fibiwiki page [[Ireland]] for Irish Crew Lists 1863-1921.  Crews could originate from all over the world.
 +
*See the Fibiwiki page  [[Hong Kong]] for the  free Searchable database for  Hong Kong Cemetery which indicates there were sailors buried there. 
 
*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/index.htm British Maritime History - Realistic genealogical guides to surviving records and more], Len Barnett’s site, has sections on:
 
*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/index.htm British Maritime History - Realistic genealogical guides to surviving records and more], Len Barnett’s site, has sections on:
 
:*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm EIC]- A realistic guide to what is available to those looking into the careers of seagoing servants (1600-1834)
 
:*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm EIC]- A realistic guide to what is available to those looking into the careers of seagoing servants (1600-1834)
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*[http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/EICintro.htm Merchant Vessels in the Service of the East India Company, 1601-1832] on the Mariners website.  Lists ship details.
 
*[http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/EICintro.htm Merchant Vessels in the Service of the East India Company, 1601-1832] on the Mariners website.  Lists ship details.
 
*Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement' by Chris Woods dated 30 August 2013<ref>India-British-Raj List post [https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/india-british-raj.rootsweb.com/thread/609592/ Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement'] by Chris Woods dated 30 August 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2018.</ref>
 
*Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement' by Chris Woods dated 30 August 2013<ref>India-British-Raj List post [https://lists.rootsweb.com/hyperkitty/list/india-british-raj.rootsweb.com/thread/609592/ Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement'] by Chris Woods dated 30 August 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2018.</ref>
*[http://blogs.bl.uk/untoldlives/2017/06/the-loss-of-the-east-indiaman-ganges.html The loss of the East Indiaman ‘Ganges’ [in 1807<nowiki>]</nowiki>]  15 June 2017. British Library untold lives blog.
+
*[https://blogs.bl.uk/untoldlives/2018/11/journey-to-india-of-randolph-marriott-east-india-company-servant.html "Journey to India of Randolph Marriott, East India Company Servant"] 8 November 2018.  British Library Untold lives blog. He had been appointed  a [[Writer|writer]] in Bengal,  and  left England 22 January 1753 on the ship Portfield, arriving on 25 July 1753.
 +
*[http://blogs.bl.uk/untoldlives/2017/06/the-loss-of-the-east-indiaman-ganges.html "The loss of the East Indiaman ‘Ganges’" [in 1807<nowiki>]</nowiki>]  15 June 2017. British Library untold lives blog.
 
*[http://www.simonkidner.co.uk/sesostris/sesostris.html A Journal of a voyage to the Cape of Good Hope and Bombay in the Ship Sesostris by James Smith, 1829-1831]
 
*[http://www.simonkidner.co.uk/sesostris/sesostris.html A Journal of a voyage to the Cape of Good Hope and Bombay in the Ship Sesostris by James Smith, 1829-1831]
 
*[http://quivis.co.uk/dum/index.html Arthur David Linklater, Master Mariner] - Duncan Linklater's excellent site contains information on shipping and navigation in the early twentieth century, including details of Linklater's employment by the British India Steam Navigation Company, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Calcutta Port Commission. It is located in the section of the [http://quivis.co.uk/ Quivis] site called Dum.  With scans and transcripts of original documents and many pages containing facts useful to those with an ancestor in sailing and shipping, exploring the site is recommended (note also the [http://quivis.co.uk/dum/biog-contents.html biographical section contents page]).
 
*[http://quivis.co.uk/dum/index.html Arthur David Linklater, Master Mariner] - Duncan Linklater's excellent site contains information on shipping and navigation in the early twentieth century, including details of Linklater's employment by the British India Steam Navigation Company, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Calcutta Port Commission. It is located in the section of the [http://quivis.co.uk/ Quivis] site called Dum.  With scans and transcripts of original documents and many pages containing facts useful to those with an ancestor in sailing and shipping, exploring the site is recommended (note also the [http://quivis.co.uk/dum/biog-contents.html biographical section contents page]).
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*[http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=6004  "A Laskari Lexicon – 1"] May 17, 2013; [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=6010 "A Laskari Lexicon – 2"] May 21, 2013 amitavghosh.com.
 
*[http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=6004  "A Laskari Lexicon – 1"] May 17, 2013; [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=6010 "A Laskari Lexicon – 2"] May 21, 2013 amitavghosh.com.
 
*"Of Fanás and Forecastles: The Indian Ocean and Some Lost Languages of the Age of Sail" A series pf eleven articles December 10-31, 2012    [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5171 Pt.1], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5184 Pt.2], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5197 Pt.3], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5210 Pt.4], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5219  Pt.5], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5234 Pt.6],[http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5248 Pt.7], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5257 Pt.8], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5260 Pt. 9], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5263  Pt.10], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5267 Pt.11] amitavghosh.com.
 
*"Of Fanás and Forecastles: The Indian Ocean and Some Lost Languages of the Age of Sail" A series pf eleven articles December 10-31, 2012    [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5171 Pt.1], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5184 Pt.2], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5197 Pt.3], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5210 Pt.4], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5219  Pt.5], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5234 Pt.6],[http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5248 Pt.7], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5257 Pt.8], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5260 Pt. 9], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5263  Pt.10], [http://amitavghosh.com/blog/?p=5267 Pt.11] amitavghosh.com.
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1403825 ''The Oriental Compass, Volumes 1 and 2''] by Lawrence B. Bangerter c 2007?. Transcriptions. “Lists name of vessel, place of embarkation, place of debarkation, date and Family History Library passenger list film number”. Shipping is India-USA and China-USA. Volume 2 is mostly China-USA. FamilySearch website. You need to be registered and sign in first, see [[Family Search]].
 +
 
====Maps====
 
====Maps====
 
*[https://maps.nls.uk/world/rec/5842  1923 Map: The World - Sailing Ship Routes] Great Britain. Hydrographic Office.  London : HMSO, 1923. maps.nls.uk
 
*[https://maps.nls.uk/world/rec/5842  1923 Map: The World - Sailing Ship Routes] Great Britain. Hydrographic Office.  London : HMSO, 1923. maps.nls.uk
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*[http://hdl.handle.net/10973/22217''Commerce by river in the Punjab (1861-62 to 1871-72) or a Survey of the Marine Department of the Government of the Punjab''] by Faqir Chand Arrora 1930. GIPE Pune
 
*[http://hdl.handle.net/10973/22217''Commerce by river in the Punjab (1861-62 to 1871-72) or a Survey of the Marine Department of the Government of the Punjab''] by Faqir Chand Arrora 1930. GIPE Pune
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=lnMIAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP3  ''On the preservation of the health of seamen, especially of those frequenting Calcutta and the other Indian ports''] by Norman Chevers MD, Surgeon, Bengal Army 1864 Google Books
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=lnMIAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP3  ''On the preservation of the health of seamen, especially of those frequenting Calcutta and the other Indian ports''] by Norman Chevers MD, Surgeon, Bengal Army 1864 Google Books
*[https://archive.org/details/oldcountrytradeo00coatrich ''The Old 'Country Trade' of the East Indies''] by William Herbert Coates, Comm. R N R (retired) 1911 Archive.org
+
*[https://archive.org/details/goodolddaysofshi0000coat/page/n7 '' The Good Old Days of Shipping''] by  W H Coates Lieut. R N R  1900 Archive.org
 +
:[https://archive.org/details/oldcountrytradeo00coatrich ''The Old 'Country Trade' of the East Indies''] by William Herbert Coates, Comm. R N R (retired) 1911 Archive.org
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/cu31924020891416/page/n5 ''The Clipper Ship Era; an epitome of famous American and British clipper ships, their owners, builders, commanders, and crews, 1843-1869''] by Arthur Hamilton Clark 1911 Archive.org. Important for the China trade.
 
*[http://www.archive.org/stream/oldeastindiamen00chatiala#page/n7/mode/2up ''The Old East Indiamen''] by E. Keble Chatterton, 1914 Archive.org
 
*[http://www.archive.org/stream/oldeastindiamen00chatiala#page/n7/mode/2up ''The Old East Indiamen''] by E. Keble Chatterton, 1914 Archive.org
*[http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/handle/2015/499255  ''East Indiamen: The East India Company’s Maritime Service''] by Sir Evan Cotton. Edited by Sir C. G. H. Fawcett.  1949. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. [https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.499255 Archive.org mirror version].
+
*[https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.499255  ''East Indiamen: The East India Company’s Maritime Service''] by Sir Evan Cotton. Edited by Sir C. G. H. Fawcett.  1949. Archive.org, Public Library of India Collection.  
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.283924/page/n1 ''Trade In The Eastern Seas 1793-1813''] by C. Northcote Parkinson 1937 Archive.org, Public Library of India Collection.
 
*[http://archive.org/stream/merchantadventu00hookgoog#page/n8/mode/2up  ''Merchant Adventurers, 1914-1918''] by F. A. Hook 1920 Archive.org. A "compilation of the war records of the P. and O., British India and associated lines."  Note the file is lacking the illustrations which should be in the book.  [http://access.bl.uk/item/viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_100000058408.0x000002  British Library digital file], with illustrations.   
 
*[http://archive.org/stream/merchantadventu00hookgoog#page/n8/mode/2up  ''Merchant Adventurers, 1914-1918''] by F. A. Hook 1920 Archive.org. A "compilation of the war records of the P. and O., British India and associated lines."  Note the file is lacking the illustrations which should be in the book.  [http://access.bl.uk/item/viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_100000058408.0x000002  British Library digital file], with illustrations.   
 
*[https://archive.org/details/blackwallfrigates00lubb  ''The Blackwall Frigates'']  by Basil Lubbock 1922 Archive.org. The Blackwall frigates formed a link betrween the  the East Indiaman of the Honourable East India  Company and the P&O and Orient liners  
 
*[https://archive.org/details/blackwallfrigates00lubb  ''The Blackwall Frigates'']  by Basil Lubbock 1922 Archive.org. The Blackwall frigates formed a link betrween the  the East Indiaman of the Honourable East India  Company and the P&O and Orient liners  
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*[https://archive.org/details/oldmerchantmarin00pain ''The Old Merchant Marine: A Chronicle of American Ships and Sailors''] by Ralph D Paine 1920 Archive.org. Contains some references to India.
 
*[https://archive.org/details/oldmerchantmarin00pain ''The Old Merchant Marine: A Chronicle of American Ships and Sailors''] by Ralph D Paine 1920 Archive.org. Contains some references to India.
 
*[https://archive.org/details/indianshippinghi00mookrich ''Indian Shipping: A History of the Sea-Borne Trade and Maritime Activities of the Indians from the Earliest Times''] by Radhakumud Mookerji 1912 Archive.org
 
*[https://archive.org/details/indianshippinghi00mookrich ''Indian Shipping: A History of the Sea-Borne Trade and Maritime Activities of the Indians from the Earliest Times''] by Radhakumud Mookerji 1912 Archive.org
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/valiantvoyagings0000saun/page/n9 ''Valiant voyaging : a short history of the British India Steam Navigation Company in the Second World War, 1939-1945''] by  Hilary St. George Saunders 1948. Archive.org Books to Borrow/Lending Library. Includes a Roll of Honour of Officers and Men who lost their lives at sea due to enemy action.
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/investmentinempi0000thor/page/n5 ''Investment in Empire; British railway and steam shipping enterprise in India, 1825-1849''] by Daniel Thorner 1950. Archive.org Lending Library.
 
*Directories etc
 
*Directories etc
 
**[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WpteAAAAcAAJ&pg=PR3 ''Sailing Directions for the Oriental Or East-India Pilot''] 1778 Google Books
 
**[https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WpteAAAAcAAJ&pg=PR3 ''Sailing Directions for the Oriental Or East-India Pilot''] 1778 Google Books
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**[https://archive.org/details/reedsseamanshipc00reed ''Reed's Seamanship. Compiled for candidates preparing to pass the Marine Board examinations for certificates of competency as mates and masters. With ... diagrams''] Revised and enlarged by C M Swainston 22nd edition 1918. Published  Sunderland [North-East England]. Archive.org.
 
**[https://archive.org/details/reedsseamanshipc00reed ''Reed's Seamanship. Compiled for candidates preparing to pass the Marine Board examinations for certificates of competency as mates and masters. With ... diagrams''] Revised and enlarged by C M Swainston 22nd edition 1918. Published  Sunderland [North-East England]. Archive.org.
 
**[https://archive.org/details/standardseamansh00ries ''Standard Seamanship for the Merchant Service''] by Felix Riesenberg 1922, published in New York. Archive.org. With  illustrations. For ease of reading the text online, select the one page option. Digitised microfilm.
 
**[https://archive.org/details/standardseamansh00ries ''Standard Seamanship for the Merchant Service''] by Felix Riesenberg 1922, published in New York. Archive.org. With  illustrations. For ease of reading the text online, select the one page option. Digitised microfilm.
 +
**[https://issuu.com/anmmuseum/docs/flags_national_and_mercantile_for_t  ''Flags National and Mercantile…and House Flags and Funnels''] compiled by James Griffin 2nd edition, greatly enlarged 1891. issuu.com, from the collection of the Australian National Maritime Museum. [https://archive.org/details/flagsnationalan00grifgoog  1883 Archive.org version], [https://archive.org/details/flagsnationalan01grifgoog/page/n6  1891 Archive.org version] but many flags are not in colour.
 
**[http://collections.mun.ca/cdm/ref/collection/cns/id/19694  ''1919. Signal Letters of British Ships (formerly the British Code List)  for the use of ships at sea, and for signal stations''] Prepared by Charles H Jones, Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen. Published for the Committee of Lloyd’s. Memorial University of Newfoundland  Digital Archives Initiative (DAI).  Direct link for [http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/cns/Signal_Letters.pdf pdf download].  [http://collections.mun.ca/cdm/ref/collection/cns/id/19586 Page xx] is titled "Ships belonging to the War Department..."
 
**[http://collections.mun.ca/cdm/ref/collection/cns/id/19694  ''1919. Signal Letters of British Ships (formerly the British Code List)  for the use of ships at sea, and for signal stations''] Prepared by Charles H Jones, Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen. Published for the Committee of Lloyd’s. Memorial University of Newfoundland  Digital Archives Initiative (DAI).  Direct link for [http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/cns/Signal_Letters.pdf pdf download].  [http://collections.mun.ca/cdm/ref/collection/cns/id/19586 Page xx] is titled "Ships belonging to the War Department..."
 
*[https://books.google.com.au/books?id=_qRWAAAAcAAJ&pg=PP5 ''An English and Hindostanee Naval Dictionary of technical terms and sea phrases ...''] by the late Captain Thomas Roebuck, 4th Edition, revised and corrected by William Carmichael Smyth 1848 Google Books.  Previously  published in 1841 as part of another book [https://books.google.com.au/books?id=m4peAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA125 "English and Hindostanee Naval Dictionary of Technical Terms, and Sea Phrases"], page 125 ''The Hindoostanee Interpreter: Containing the Rudiments of Grammar; an Extensive Vocabularly; and a Useful Collection of Dialogues. To which is Added a Naval Dictionary of Technical Terms, and Sea Phrases'' by William Carmichael-Smyth 1841 Google Books
 
*[https://books.google.com.au/books?id=_qRWAAAAcAAJ&pg=PP5 ''An English and Hindostanee Naval Dictionary of technical terms and sea phrases ...''] by the late Captain Thomas Roebuck, 4th Edition, revised and corrected by William Carmichael Smyth 1848 Google Books.  Previously  published in 1841 as part of another book [https://books.google.com.au/books?id=m4peAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA125 "English and Hindostanee Naval Dictionary of Technical Terms, and Sea Phrases"], page 125 ''The Hindoostanee Interpreter: Containing the Rudiments of Grammar; an Extensive Vocabularly; and a Useful Collection of Dialogues. To which is Added a Naval Dictionary of Technical Terms, and Sea Phrases'' by William Carmichael-Smyth 1841 Google Books
 
:[https://archive.org/details/anenglishandhin00roebgoog ''A Laskari dictionary, or, Anglo-Indian vocabulary of nautical terms and phrases in English and Hindustani, chiefly in the corrupt jargon in use among the Laskars or Indian sailors'']  A re-edited and revised  edition by George Small, Missionary of the previous works by Roebuck and Smyth. 1882 Archive.org
 
:[https://archive.org/details/anenglishandhin00roebgoog ''A Laskari dictionary, or, Anglo-Indian vocabulary of nautical terms and phrases in English and Hindustani, chiefly in the corrupt jargon in use among the Laskars or Indian sailors'']  A re-edited and revised  edition by George Small, Missionary of the previous works by Roebuck and Smyth. 1882 Archive.org
 +
*[https://archive.org/details/nauticaltermsphr00unit/page/n5 ''Nautical terms & phrases : speak the language of the sea''] [USA] Marine Corps publication 1938 Archive.org
 +
*[https://issuu.com/anmmuseum/docs/handbook_of_information_for_the_col  ''Handbook of information for the Colonies and India''] issued by the British India and Queensland Agency Co Ltd , Brisbane 1899-1900. Includes information about the British India Steam Navigation Company, Ld from page 118, digital pages 170-171, including routes and fares. issuu.com, from the collection of the Australian National Maritime Museum.
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Revision as of 12:58, 19 September 2019

The East India Company Maritime Services could be divided into three main categories:

  • EIC Mercantile Marine. The Mercantile Marine was the principal merchant shipping service supporting the company's trade with India and the Far East. It was in operation from 1600 to 1834.
  • Bombay Marine. The Bombay Marine was the fighting navy of the EIC. In the later nineteenth century and twentieth century it was renamed several times, ultimately becoming the Royal Indian Navy in 1935.
  • Bengal Marine. The best known part was the Bengal Pilot Service which was responsible for guiding shipping along the Hooghly River between Calcutta and the Bay of Bengal. The river could only be navigated by day on account of the many dangerous banks and shoals.[1] Bengal Marine also included War Steamers, also called Sea Steamers, which were ships fitted with guns, and river boats which were used to transport troops and other passengers, and cargo. In (at least) the 1840s-1850s the river boats were part of Inland Steam, or the Inland Steam Service and were described as Iron Steam Vessels appropriated to Inland Navigation, consisting of Steamers, Accomodation Boats and Cargo Boats. It seems likely that once private riverboat companies were established they took over the services of Inland Steam.

In 1877 the Bombay Marine and the Bengal Marine were combined to form HM Indian Marine, which became the Royal Indian Marine in 1892 and the Royal Indian Navy in 1935.

Old postcard showing shipping on the River Hooghly, Calcutta

FIBIS Resources

FIBIS Research Guide No. 2 An Introduction to British Ships in Indian Waters : Their Owners, Crew and Passengers by Richard Morgan with a Foreword by Lawrie Butler, 68 pages, published 2012, with Bibliography and Index

  • Part I – the East India Company’s Maritime Service
  • Part II – Country Ships
  • Part III – A note on Interlopers
  • Part IV – The Marine Service
  • Part V – Independently owned commercial (steam) Ships
  • Appendix 1: Summary of information on Free Mariners and Passengers in Directories
  • Appendix 2: The Indian Marine Service in the IOR L/F/10 and other Series.

Available from the FIBIS Shop

For updates to the first edition, see British Ships in Indian Waters.

"HEIC Maritime Holdings at the National Maritime Museum", an article by Geraldine Charles, can be found in the FIBIS Journal.

  • "Part 1" FIBIS Journal Number 4 (Autumn 2000)
  • "Part 2" FIBIS Journal Number 6 (Autumn 2001)

"Gahan, Eaton & Co" by Nigel Penny FIBIS Journal Number 21 (Spring 2009) pages 11-19. A family history of sea Captains, Master Attendants and Merchants.

"Wrecked or Captured, the East India Company Ships that Failed to Arrive", a fascinating talk given by Andrea Cordani, writer and researcher on East India Company Ships, at FIBIS's Spring lecture meeting in May 2009, is available on FIBIS youtube channel. The presentation that accompanied this talk and a book list for further reading can be found in the FIBIS Social Network

An edited edition of this talk is available in FIBIS Journal, No 22 (Autumn 2009), page 15. This edition also contains an article "The Loss of an East Indiaman in 1807 : account by Samuel Rolleston" on page 23. For details of how to access these articles, see FIBIS Journals.

The FIBIS Database has

Other related articles

Records at the British Library

  • IOR/L/MAR Marine Department Records.
There are three main series: L/MAR/A Ships' Journals 1605-1705; L/MAR/B Ships' Journals 1702-1856; L/MAR/C Marine Miscellaneous Records 1600-1879.
Also see Ships' Journals.
  • A description of Marine Miscellaneous Records IOR/L/MAR/C 1600-1879.(Discovery) "The collection is in process of re-arrangement and listing in separate series L/MAR/1-9 according to type and provenance". Included in these records are "personnel records of the Company's maritime service (at all levels of employment, but including particularly the appointment and services of commanders and mates of East Indiamen), the Bombay Marine, the Indian Navy, and the Bengal Pilot Service" but no further details are given.

British Library records on findmypast

The India Office Records on the pay site findmypast are

  • IOR/L/MAR/C/688 Lists of appointments to Bombay Marine and Pilot Service, 1822-1832.
  • IOR/L/MAR/C/710-714 Volunteers (cadets) for the Indian Navy, 1838-1859
  • IOR/L/MAR/C/785-788 Poplar pensioners, with particulars, 1809-1821
  • IOR/L/MAR/C/789-840 Poplar: petitions with certificates and other documents attached for pensions, compensations etc, 1809-1838

British Library records on FamilySearch (LDS) microfilms

For microfilms available in the LDS (Mormon) library catalogue, see IOR Marine records on LDS films or search the FamilySearch Library Catalogue using keywords India Office Marine Department. (Ordering microfilms)

Note: Microfilm ordering services has ceased however selected microfilms have been digitised and are currently available for viewing on a FamilySearch computer at a FamilySearch Centre. Locate these records through the FamilySearch catalogue. It is expected that in time all microfilms will be similarly available in this format.

Books

See also, Ships and sailing reading list.

A biographical index of East India Company Maritime Service officers, 1600-1834, by Anthony Farrington London: British Library, 1999
A companion volume to the "Catalogue", see below, the biographical index provides summaries of the sea careers of some 12,000 individuals who made the voyage to Asia as commanders, mates, surgeons, or pursers in the service of the EIC. The information has been compiled from the surviving ships' journals, logs, paying-off books and associated sources in the Company's archives at the British Library. Available at the British Library.

Malim Sahib's Hindustani

A Malim Sahib was a ship’s officer. There was a specialised nautical, bazaar baht or bat, vocabulary spoken by Indian crews. A dictionary was published in 1920, The Malim Sahib's Hindustani [2], which became a required text book for all Cadets, Officers, Radio Officers and Engineers, on joining the British India Steam Navigation Company.[3] The language was a mixture of Hindustani-Gujarati-Marathi-Konkani (Ratnagiri), a little Urdu..... a pot pourri of words, but simple and effective.[4] The vocabulary was considered similar to a dialect, in that a European who had learnt this vocabulary was said to speak Malim Sahib's (Sahibs) Hindustani.

The officers' titles were: Captain - Captain sahib; C/O - Burra malim sahib; 2/O - Majla Malim sahib; 3/O - Sajla Malim sahib; 4/O - or other Junior - Chota malim sahib.[4]

Refer below for references to earlier use and publications.

External links

  • East India Company Ships developed by Andrea Cordani, but she is no longer updating the website, which now has a new URL. Includes Ship roles - what do they mean? A glossary of Ship roles defining terms such as 'Regular Ship' , 'Extra Ship' and 'Country Ship.' The previous site is now archived.
  • East-India Company ship routes 1798-1834 by Philip Brohan. Video. Vimeo.com. Retrieved 16 October 2014.The dates of the voyages are shown in the bottom left hand corner of the video screen, and may at times be obscured by the toolbar. Move the computer's mouse from the toolbar to below the video screen to reveal. The video indicates the seasonal variations in the ships' voyages.
  • National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
  • See the Fibiwiki page Ireland for Irish Crew Lists 1863-1921. Crews could originate from all over the world.
  • See the Fibiwiki page Hong Kong for the free Searchable database for Hong Kong Cemetery which indicates there were sailors buried there.
  • British Maritime History - Realistic genealogical guides to surviving records and more, Len Barnett’s site, has sections on:
British India Steam Navigation Company from the Ships’ List.
A History of the British India Steam Navigation Company Limited, rakaia.co.uk, now archived. Includes a list of ships, with details.
‘Chota Sahib’ by Captain John de Barr. The Coast Men of British India’s fleet. In BI the Coast referred to the Coast of India. merchantnavyofficers.com, now archived.
Troopships and Trooping by R G Robertson movcon.org.uk, now archived, archive.is. Includes mention of troopships to India. Archive.org link.
The trooping season between India and the United Kingdom lasted for about seven months each year. The gap, April-October/November in India was the same each year – to avoid the worst of the heat in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.

Maps

Historical books online

A Register of Ships, Employed in the Service of the Honorable the United East India Company 1760-1810 by Charles Hardy and Horatio Charles Hardy 1811 Google Books. Also available on Ancestry.
Vol.1 1832, Vol.2 1833, Vol.3 1834, Vol.4 1835, Vol.5 1836, Vol.6 1837, Vol.7 1838, Vol.8 1839, Vol.9 1840
Vol.10 1841, Vol.11 1842, Vol.12 1843, Vol.14 1845, Vol.16 1847, Vol.17 1848, Vol.18 1849, Vol.19 1850
Vol.20 1851, Vol.21 1852, Vol.22 1853, Vol.23 1854, Vol.24 1855, Vol.25 1856, Vol.26 1857, Vol.27 1858, Vol.28 1859, Vol.29 1860
Vol.30 1861, Vol.31 1862, Vol.32 1863, Vol.33 1864, Vol.34 1865, Vol.35 1866, Vol.36 1867, Vol.37 1868, Vol.38 1869, Vol.39 1870
Vol.40 1871, Vol.41 1872, Vol.42 1873, Vol.43 1874, Vol.44 1875, Vol.45 1876, Vol.50 1881 Archive.org
HathiTrust Digital Library editions, including editions only accessible in some regions such as North America.
The Old 'Country Trade' of the East Indies by William Herbert Coates, Comm. R N R (retired) 1911 Archive.org
A Laskari dictionary, or, Anglo-Indian vocabulary of nautical terms and phrases in English and Hindustani, chiefly in the corrupt jargon in use among the Laskars or Indian sailors A re-edited and revised edition by George Small, Missionary of the previous works by Roebuck and Smyth. 1882 Archive.org

References

  1. Henry Alfred Coggan’s Diary 1865. London to Calcutta. The author, aged 19, worked his passage to India as a crew member on board the Staffordshire.
  2. Woods, Chris. American English & Malim Sahib's Hindustani Rootsweb India-British-Raj Mailing List 11 September 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2018. The Malim Sahib's Hindustani: for use both ashore and afloat in connection with Lascars and all other low-caste natives of India who speak the bazaar "bat” by C T Willson, Bombay Pilot Service. “For ship's officers who wish to acquire a working knowledge of low Hindustani spoken by native crews, coolies, servants and longstoreman generally. All nautical terms and words in common use both ashore and afloat are included."
  3. Feltham, John. Sea Cunny Rootsweb India Mailing List 24 October 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Maalim Saabs Hindustani" Part 1, Part 2 Mariner’s Nostalgia website. Mandatory for British Officers on B I Ships.
  5. Some entries are listed in Maritime cemetery entries from National Maritime Museum website Rootsweb India Mailing List 5 January 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2018. The correct Notes and Queries reference for the Karachi burials mentioned is either Vol 170/171 1936 or Vol 176 1939.
  6. India-British-Raj List post Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement' by Chris Woods dated 30 August 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  7. Wilde, Liz. Master Attendant Rootsweb India Mailing List 23 July 2010 and Wilde, Liz. Master Attendant Rootsweb India Mailing List 25 July 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2018.