Operations in Waziristan
|Operations in Waziristan|
|Part of North West Frontier Campaigns|
|Date:||November 1936 - December 1937|
|Result:||Submission of tribesmen|
|British & Indians||Waziri tribesmen|
|Gen Sir John Coleridge||Fakir of Ipi|
|Up to 60,000 regular and irregular troops||4,000 tribesmen|
Tori Khel tribesmen of North Waziristan led by the Fakir of Ipi were enraged at the outcome of the case of Islam Bibi, a Hindu girl who converted to Islam but was handed back to the Hindu community, and rose in revolt. The British decided to sent an expedition into the Khaisora Valley to reassert control. Columns from Razmak and Mir Ali met fierce opposition and were compelled to withdraw to Mir Ali. The insurrection spread through Waziristan and the British had to reinforce their garrisons. It proved impossible to engage the tribesmen in pitched battles and guerilla actions cost considerable casualties. Support for the Fakir began to wane and most of the additional forces were withdrawn towards the end of 1937. Trouble flared again in 1938 when a lashkar attacked Bannu. The Fakir was never caught but caused trouble to the Pakistan government until his commander, Mehar Dil, surrendered in 1954. The Fakir died in 1960.
- FIBIS Gallery, Collection of Lt Col Ron O'Brien, Indian Army
- Waziristan campaign (1936–1939) Wikipedia
- Waziristan 1937-1939 (9 page pdf) by Lieut Colonel H E M Newman The Royal Engineer Journal Volume 95, number 2, 1984
- "The Shahur Tangi Ambush, North-West Frontier, 1937". Includes details of some of the gallantry awards for several of the regiments involved. royalsignalsoperationalawards.com
- "Fakir of Ipi: A Brief Review of the anti-British Activities of a Waziri Mujahid" by Farah Gul Baqai Pakistan Journal of History and Culture Vol. XX 1 Jan - Jun 1999
- Details of Film: India, North-West Frontier, 1937. colonialfilm.org.uk. Film shows various military scenes, including numerous scenes of the RAF in action, bombing, shooting and dropping leaflets in Waziristan. Note, the film is not available online.
- Waziristan In 1937 AD.Flv YouTube video. The description of the video says North-West Frontier, South Waziristan in 1937 AD. Film shows various military scenes, including numerous scenes of the RAF in action, bombing, shooting and dropping leaflets in Waziristan. Also includes scenes of Indian Army in the field, Waziristan. Footage at 1.20 minutes shows armoured cars at Miranshah.
- Obituary: John Prendergast 1910-2008 The Telegraph 03 March 2008, archived. He was awarded the Military Cross when serving with the Tochi Scouts (North Waziristan Transborder Armed Police) in May 1937. He was later awarded a DSO for the Burma Campaign. His books include an autobiography Prender’s Progress: a soldier in India, 1931-47, published 1979, available at the British Library, UIN: BLL01009394176 .
Historical books online
- Tribal disturbances in Waziristan (25th November, 1936-14th June, 1937) His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1937. Link to a pdf download Digital Repository of GIPE, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India.
- Official History of Operations on the N.-W. Frontier of India, 1936-37 [by General Staff Army Headquarters, India] Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. 1943. Archive.org, mirror from Digital Library of India.
- Also available in a reprint edition which in turn is available as part of an online book on the Ancestry owned pay website fold3.
- Waziristan 1936-1937 : The problems of the North-West Frontiers of India and their Solutions by Lieut.-Colonel C. E. Bruce 1938 Archive.org
- "Report on Operations in Waziristan, 25th November 1936 to 16th January 1937 (1st Phase)" London Gazette Supplement 2 November 1937
- "Report on Operations In Waziristan, 16th January 1937 to 15th September 1937 (Second Phase)" London Gazette Supplement 18 February 1938
- "Report on Operations in Waziristan, 16th September 1937 to 15th December 1937 (Final Phase)" London Gazette Supplement 14 June 1938
- "Report on Operations in Waziristan, 16th December, 1937 to the 31st December, 1938" London Gazette Supplement 18 August 1939
- Imperial Policing by Major-General Sir Charles W Gwynn 1939. Archive.org, mirror from Digital Library of India. Includes Chapter 14, "Waziristan 1937" page 394.
- "Waziristan Operations, 1937. Notes On The Use Of Air Transport For The Evacuation Of Casualties" by Brevet-Colonel Gordon Wilson, Royal Army Medical Corps. Journal Royal Army Medical Corps Volume 70 – 1 January 1938, pages 1-13. Covers the period to June 30, 1937.
- Journal of the United Service Institution of India, Volume 68, 1938 Archive.org.
- "“Iblanke” The Advance to the Sham Plains 11th/12th May 1937" page 131.
- "Attack on a Train near the Pezu Pass, Waziristan - 24th May 1937" page 92.
- "An Operation in the vicinity of Spinwam - 20th October 1937" by Lieut.-Colonel C J Wood, page 255.
- "Operations in the Lower Shaktu Valley 16th-18th November 1937" by Major T H Angus, page 335.
- "Raid on Arsal Kot and Gulzamir Kot. 21st June 1937" page 28 Journal of the United Service Institution of India, Volume 69, 1939. Archive.org
- The Frontier Scouts by Charles Chenevix Trench 1985. Link to a pdf download, PAHAR - Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset (MCADD). Also available Archive.org Books to Borrow/Lending Library.
- The most detailed account of this campaign is to be found in Official history of operations on the N.W. frontier of India, 1936-37. Available online, refer above.
- Official History Of Operations On The North-West Frontier Of India 1936-1937 Naval & Military Press
- Official History of Operations on the NW Frontier of India fold3 (located in Military books/India). Consists of 2 books.