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Rangoon - Strand Road.jpg
Presidency: Bengal Presidency
Coordinates: 16.868878°N 96.236255°E
Altitude: 26m (85 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Yangon
State/Province: Yangon Division
Country: Burma
Transport links
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See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
[xxxxx Rangoon]

Rangoon, in what was formerly known as Lower Burma, was the capital of British Burma from 1885 and a separate district in Pegu Division during the British period. It was also the headquarters of Hanthawaddy District.


Rangoon came under British rule in the 1850s and was transformed into a busy commercial port. It became the capital of British Burma after Upper Burma was captured in the 3rd Burma War, making overland access from the rest of British India possible.

Military history

There was a cantonment at Rangoon. C 1927 a new cantonment was built at Mingaladon, twelve miles to the north of Rangoon, although some regiments remained in Rangoon. During the Second World War, Mingaladon was the location of an RAF base, which is now the Rangoon international airport.

Spelling Variants

Modern name: Yangon
Variants: Rangoon



  • Holy Trinity
  • Yangon Siyin Baptist Church, previously St Philip’s Church
  • Methodist English Church
  • Telugu Methodist Church
  • Presbyterian Church - Rangoon known as the "Scots Kirk".
  • St Mary's (Roman Catholic)
  • St. John’s Catholic Church
  • St. Theresa’s Catholic Church


External links

Postcard: English Soldiers’ Barracks, Rangoon chasingchinthes.com
Postcard: Barracks from Victoria Park, Rangoon chasingchinthes.com

Historical books online

  • John Crawfurd's Account of Rangoon in the Summer of 1826 Reprinted in SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, Vol. 3, No. 2. Autumn 2005. Archive.org.
  • "Rangoon" page 353 Reports on mountain and marine sanitaria; medical and statistical observations on civil stations and military cantonments, jails - dispensaries - regiments - barracks, &c. within the Presidency of Madras, the Straits of Malacca, the Andaman Islands, and British Burmah from January 1858 to January 1862 by Inspector General of Hospitals Duncan Macpherson. 1862 Archive.org. Part of the series Selections from the Records of the Madras Government.
  • "Rangoon" page 435 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864 Archive.org
  • "Rangoon" page 1 The Land of the White Elephant: Sights and Scenes in South-Eastern Asia : A personal narrative of travel and adventure in Farther India, embracing the countries of Burma, Siam, Cambodia, and Cochin-China. (1871-2) by Frank Vincent Jun. 1874 Archive.org
  • "Rangoon" page 145 Wanderings in Burma by George W Bird 1897 “South East Asia Visions” Cornell University with
  • Scenes in Burma: An Album of 125 Views c 1900-1910? Archive.org. Contains many photographs of Rangoon, including churches.
  • Rangoon Diocesan Association: Quarterly Paper Church of England. 48 quarterly issues from 1897 to 1908. SOAS Digital Library. London University.The issue for June 1898 listed Clergy and English Missionaries throughout Burma. If the link is not permanent Search using keyword Rangoon.
  • Drainage problems of the East : being a revised and enlarged edition of "Oriental drainage", [Volume 1] by C C James 1917, first published 1906 Archive.org. Includes chapters relating to Drainage of the major cities in India (Bombay, Calcutta, Karachi, Madras, “Benares, Lucknow, Mirzapur and Lahore”), Rangoon, Singapore, Penang and Shanghai, and of the major cities in Egypt. Drainage problems of the East, Volume 2- Plans by C C James 1917 Archive.org


  1. WW2Talk Forum thread Father and Uncle in Indian Army-how to research? which includes a section of a map showing the location of the cemetery, the latter only viewable by logged in members of WW2Talk Forum)
  2. Page 87 Wanderings in Burma by George W Bird 1897 Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University