Tientsin was formally opened to Great Britain and France in 1860. Between 1895 and 1900, Britain and France were joined by Japan, Germany and Russia in establishing self-contained concessions in Tientsin each with its own prisons, schools, barracks and hospitals. Tientsin was captured by the rebels during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 and subsequently recaptured by the Western allies.
Modern name: Tianjin
- Tianjin Wikipedia
Historical books online
- The Tientsin Massacre: The Causes of the Late Disturbances in China and how to Secure Permanent Peace by George Thin MD 1870 Google Books
- The Tientsin Massacre : being documents published in the Shanghai Evening Courier from June 16th to Sept. 10th, 1870, with an Introductory Narrative 2nd edition Archive.org
- Shanghai and Tientsin, with special reference to foreign interests by F C Jones 1940. Hathi Trust Digital Library