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Total revision with new references
The NWR was formed in January 1886 from the merger of the [[Scinde, Punjaub & Delhi Railway]](SP&DR), the [[Indus Valley State Railway]](IVSR), the [[Punjab Northern State Railway]](PNSR), the eastern section of the [[Sind-Sagar Railway]] and the southern section of the [[Sind-Pishin State Railway]].
The NWR owned listings below are generally based on the 1937 “History of Indian Railways”<ref name=Hist>[https://ia801605.us.archive.org/30/items/in.ernet.dli.2015.36650/2015.36650.India-Railway-Board-History-Of-Indian-Railways-Constructed-And-In-Progress.pdf US Archive .org pdf download of ‘History Of Indian Railways, constructed and operated an extensive network in progress’, 31 March 1937 by ‘The Government of railways of mixed gauge India - Railway Department’ page 150-151, pdf 187 and 190]; Retrieved 13 Sept 2020</ref>, * Broad gauge(and also where extra information is available from the 1918 “Administration Report on Railways” <ref name=Admin1918p106>[[Rail_gaugehttps://archive.org/stream/BombayBarodaAndCentralIndiaRailwaySystem/Bombay_Baroda_And_Central_India_Railway_System#Broad_Gauge|BG]]) - 3186 milespage/ 5127 km (1905); 4853 milesn115/ 7810 km (1918); 6861 milesmode/11,042 km 1up “Administration Report for Railways” pages 106-7 (1947pdf115-6)* Narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) - 373 miles; Retrieved 13 Sept 2020</600 km (1918)ref>
'''North Western Railway System'''. <br>The NWR also managedowned and operated an extensive network of railways of mixed gauge, worked and maintained was the description applied for the actual ‘NWR Proper’ lines plus a number of broad gauge ([[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG ]]) and narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG ]]) lines on behalf of other parties.:- * Broad gauge ([[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG]]) in 1918 was 4853 miles(7810km); and by 1937 was 6402 miles(10,303km)* Narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) in 1918 was 449 miles(722km); and by 1937 was 686 miles(1104km)
'''North Western Railway Broad Gauge (BG)''' .<br>The listings below are generally based on line lengths of the “Administration Report ‘NWR Proper’ (excluding lines on Railways 1918” <ref name=Admin1918p106>[httpsbehalf of other parties) of Broad Gauge lines in 1918 was 3690 miles(5938km) and this had become 5769 miles(9284km) by 1937 divided into two sections ://archive.org/stream/BombayBarodaAndCentralIndiaRailwaySystem/Bombay_Baroda_And_Central_India_Railway_System#page/n115/mode/1up “Administration Report for Railways” pages 106-7 * '''NWR Commercial Section''', 2559 miles(4118km) by 1918 and 5769 miles(pdf115-69284km) ]; Retrieved 4 Apr 2020</ref>.[[Fileby 1937''as detailed below:North-Western Railway System 1937 Map.png|right| ''* '''NWR Railway System Frontier(Military) Section''', 1151(1852km) by 1918 and named the ‘NWR Strategic Section’, 1555 miles(2503km) by 1937 Map]]''as detailed below:- ''
[[File:North-Western Railway System 1937 Map.png|right| 800px|NWR Railway System 1937 Map]]==NWR Commercial Section BG==Broad Gaugegauge ([[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG]]). Total line length, 2559 miles(4118km) in 1918, Commercial Section - 2539 ; and 4184 miles(4086km6733km)by 1937
===[[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway |GhaziabadKiamari- Lahore Mainline]]===*[[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway|‘Ghaziabad This NWR Mainline connecting Kiamari (near Karachi City) to Lahore Section’]], 339 757 miles(546km1218km), was part of in 1937. Originally named the [[Scinde, Punjaub & Delhi RailwayLahore-Karachi Mainline]]’, comprised:- * ‘Kiamari-Karachi Section’, 3 miles( SP&DR5km) until amalgamation into NWR in 1886,. The line had been constructed in stages from [[Lahore]] Kiamari-to [[Amritsar]] in 1862 and via [[Jullunder]]Karachi City, [[Ludhiana]], [[Ambala]], and [[Meerut]] to [[Ghaziabad]] completed by 1870.opened 1889**[[AmritsarKarachi-Pathankot Kotri (Indus River) Railway| ‘Pathankot Branch Line’’Kotri to Karach Section]], 67 108 miles(107km174km), a branch from was completed in 1861 by [[Amritsar]] via Dinanager to [[PathankotScinde Railway]], opened 1884 by which became SP&DR, became 1870 and NWR from 1886.===* [[Lahore & Peshawar Kotri-Rohri Railway|Lahore‘Rohri-Peshawar Mainline]]=== *[[Lahore & Peshawar Railway| ‘Lahore to Peshawar Kotri Section’]], 288 189 miles (463km304km), was the [[Punjab Northern State Railway]] until amalgamation into NWR in 1886. The first section from [[LahoreRohri]] to [[Jhelum]], opened 1873 as metre gauge(via [[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MGHyderabad]]) and converted Rahoki Junction to BG, 1878; from [[Jhelum]] via [[RawalpindiKotri]] the onward connection to [[Peshawar]], was made completed in 1883 1900 with the comple spelling correctedtion opening of the [[Attock Kotri Bridge]] over the river Indus. **‘Tawi Branch This making the former mainline Line’''(see below)'', was completed which had opened in 1890. The 26 miles1886 into the ‘[[Kotri-Rohri Railway|‘Kotri-Rohri (42kmvia Ruk) from [[WazirabadBranch Line]] (a town on the ** [[Lahore & Peshawar Kotri-Rohri Railway| ‘Lahore to Peshawar Section’‘Rohri-Kotri (via Ruk) Branch Line]], to ’ from [[SialkotSukkur]]via Ruk Junction, opened 1884 by PNSR . Extended by NWR in 1890 by 9 miles(14km) Larkhana and Sehwan to the ‘Frontier of Kashmir State’ where the [[Jammu and Kashmir RailwayKotri]] continued , completed in 1878. This line was formerly the railway a further 16 miles(26km) to mainline until the ‘Left Bank opening of the Tawi River near [[JammuKotri Bridge]]’. The 25 mile(40km)section is in some records referred 1900 to as complete the NWR Mainline [[JammuKotri-Sialkot Rohri Railway]]. The complete line from [[Wazirabad|‘Rohri-Kotri Section’]] to [[Jammu]]''(see above)''**‘Phulji Branch Line’, a total of 51 3 miles(82km5km) was part of the NWR network until partition when , from Phulji to Puranadera, opened as a branch to the line was severed.  ===[[Lahore’Kotri-Karachi Mainline]]===This Rohri (via Ruk) Section’ opened by SP&DR in 1882; with short extension by NWR Mainline connecting Lahore to Karachi , 756 miles(1217km) comprised:- 1902 * ‘Lahore via Raiwind ‘Lodhran to Khanewa Section’Rohri section’, 177 225 miles(285km362km), originally the opened 1878 by [[Punjaub Indus Valley State Railway]] opened in 1865(IVSR), merged to form SP&DR 1870, becoming which became NWR 1886., via [[Samasata]] (with an interchange to the ‘[[Southern Punjab Railway]])**‘Raiwind-Bhatinda ’Sukkur Bandar Branch Line’, 88 1.5 miles(141km2.4km), a branch from [[RaiwindSukkur]] via on the ‘[[KasurLahore-Karachi Mainline]] to Hussainiwala (on the northern bank of the River Sutlej)Sukkur Bandar, opened 1883 by SP&DR. The [[Empress Bridge]] over the river was completed 1887 by IVSR in 1878, which became NWR to [[Ferozepore]] and extended in 1899 to [[Bhatinda]] 1886,
* ‘Khanewal to Lodhran Section’, 56 miles(90km), opened by NWR 1909, reducing the route length by 29 mile(46km) and making the former mainline, which had opened by [[Indus Valley State Railway|IVSR]] in 1865, into the ‘Khanewal-Lodhran (via Sher Shar) Chord Line’ (see below)
**‘Khanewal-Lodhran (via Sher Shar) Chord Line’, 85 miles(136km), from Khanewal to Multan, 1865; to Muzaffarabad , 1870; to Lodhran, 1878, formerly the IVSR Mainline, became NWR 1886. Became a NWR Chord Line In 1909 with the opening of the 29 mile shorter ‘Khanewal to Lodhran Section’ of the ‘[[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway |Ghaziabad- Lahore Mainline]]’ (see above).
*‘Lodhran to Rohri section’, 225 miles(362km), opened 1878 by [[Indus Valley State Railway]](IVSR), which became NWR 1886, ‘Lahore via [[Samasata]] (with an interchange Raiwind to the ‘[[Southern Punjab Railway]])**’Sukkur Bandar Branch Line’Khanewa Section’, 1.5 177 miles(2.4km285km), a branch from [[Sukkur]] on originally the ‘[[Lahore-Karachi Mainline]]’ to Sukkur Bandar, opened by IVSR in 1878 * [[Kotri-Rohri Punjaub Railway|‘Rohri-Kotri Section’]], 189 miles(304km), from [[Rohri]] via [[Hyderabad]] and Rahoki Junction to [[Kotri]] was completed in 1900 with the opening of the [[Kotri Bridge]] over the river Indus. This making the former mainline ''(see below)'', which had opened in 1886 into the ‘[[Kotri-Rohri Railway|‘Kotri-Rohri (via Ruk) Branch Line]]’ * [[Kotri-Rohri Railway|‘Rohri-Kotri (via Ruk) Branch Line]]’ from [[Sukkur]] via Ruk Junction1865, Larkhana and Sehwan merged to [[Kotri]], completed in 1878. This line was formerly the mainline until the opening of the [[Kotri Bridge]] in 1900 to complete the NWR Mainline [[Kotri-Rohri Railway|‘Rohri-Kotri Section’]] form ''(see above)''**‘Phulji Branch Line’, 3 miles(5km), from Phulji to Puranadera, opened as a branch to the ’Kotri-Rohri (via Ruk) Section’ opened by SP&DR in 1882; with short extension by NWR1870, becoming 1902 * [[Karachi-Kotri (Indus River) Railway|’Kotri to Karach Section]]’, 108 miles(174km), was completed in 1861 by [[Scinde Railway]], which became SP&DR 1870 and NWR 1886.
===Delhi-Peshawar Cantonment Mainline===
This NWR Mainline connecting Delhi to Peshawar Cantonment, 639 miles(1028km) in 1937. Originally named the [[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway| ‘Ghaziabad- Lahore Mainline’]] and the [[Lahore & Peshawar Railway| ‘Lahore-Peshawar Mainline’]] comprised:-
* ‘Delhi-Ghaziabad Section’, 13 miles(21km), opened in 1864 by the [[East India Railway]](EIR) and transferred to NWR in 1925
*[[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway|‘Ghaziabad to Lahore Section’]], 339 miles(546km), was part of the [[Scinde, Punjaub & Delhi Railway]]( SP&DR) until amalgamation into NWR in 1886. The line had been constructed in stages from [[Lahore]] to [[Amritsar]] in 1862 and via [[Jullunder]], [[Ludiana]], [[Ambala]], and [[Meerut]] to [[Ghaziabad]] completed by 1870.
*[[Lahore & Peshawar Railway| ‘Lahore to Peshawar Section’]], 288 miles(463km), was the ‘[[Punjab Northern State Railway]]’ (PNSR) until amalgamation into NWR in 1886. The first section from [[Lahore]] to [[Jhelum]], opened 1873 as metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) and converted to BG, 1878; from [[Jhelum]] via [[Rawalpindi]] the onward connection to [[Peshawar]], was made in 1883 with the completion of the [[Attock Bridge]] over the river Indus.
**‘[[Tawi Branch Line]]’, was completed in 1890. The 26 miles(42km) from [[Wazirabad]] (a town on the [[Lahore & Peshawar Railway| ‘Lahore to Peshawar Section’]] to [[Sialkot]], opened 1884 by PNSR, which became NWR 1886. Extended by NWR in 1890 by 9 miles(14km) to the ‘Frontier of Kashmir State’ where the [[Jammu and Kashmir Railway]] continued the railway a further 16 miles(26km) to the ‘Left Bank of the Tawi River near [[Jammu]]’. The 25 mile(40km)section is in some records referred to as the ‘[[Jammu-Sialkot Railway]]’. The complete line from [[Wazirabad]] to [[Jammu]], a total of 51 miles(82km) was part of the NWR network until partition when the line was severed.
===Raewind-Bhatinda Mainline===
*‘[[Raewind-Bhatinda Mainline]]’, 88 miles(141km), from Raewind (on the ‘Lahore Khanewa Section’ of the Mainline) via Kasur to Hussainiwala (on the northern bank of the River Sutlej), opened 1883 by [[Scinde, Punjaub & Delhi Railway]](SP&DR) , which became NWR 1886. The [[Empress Bridge]] over the river was completed 1887 by NWR to [[Ferozepore]] and extended in 1899 to [[Bhatinda]]
===Samasatta-Bhatinda-Delhi Mainline===
* ‘[[Samasatta-Bhatinda Mainline]]’, 402 miles(647km), opened 1897 by ‘[[Southern Punjab Railway]]’(SPR) from [[Delhi]] via Narwana, Jakhal, [[Bhatinda]] to [[Samasata]]. Originally named ‘[[Delhi-Samasata Railway]]’ and worked as part of the ‘NWR System’
=== Delhi-Ambala-Kalka Mainline===
* ‘[[Delhi-Ambala-Kalka Mainline]]’, 102 miles(164km) opened 1891 by the [[Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway| ‘Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway Company’]] , from Delhi via Ambala(Umballa) to Kalka. Purchased by Government in 1926 and transferred to NWR.
===NWR Branch Lines===
* ‘Kotri-Dudu-Ruk Branch Line’, 210 miles(338km), opened 1878 from Kotri via Laki and Radhan to Ruk. This was original ‘[[Kotri-Rohri Railway| ‘Kotri-Rohri Railway’ - ''see separate page for details ''* ‘Hyderabad-Badin Branch Line’, 62 miles(100km), opened 1904 from Hyderabad to Badin; dismantled during WW1 and reopened 1922* ‘Sind Left Bank Feeder Railways’:-** ‘Tando Adam-Nawabahah Branch’, 54 miles(87km), opened 1931** ‘Sakrand-Tharushah Branch’,66 miles(106km), opened 1931** ‘Padidan-Mehrabpur Branch’, 43 miles(69km), opened 1930* ‘Sutlej Valley Extension’, 213 miles(343km), opened 1910 by ‘[[Southern Punjab Railway]]’(SPR), from Lodhran to Kasur; also named ‘[Kasur-Lodhran Railway]]’, dismantled 1917-18 during WW1 and reopened 1923-25. Worked by as part of the ‘NWR System’* ‘[[Ludhiana Extension Railway]]’, 153 miles(246km), opened 1905-06 by SPR, comprising the ‘Ludhiana-Ferozepore Line’ and ‘Ferozepore-MacLeod Ganj Line’. Worked by as part of the ‘NWR System’* [[Jullundur-Doab Railway | ‘Jullundur Doab Extension’]], 73 miles(117km), opened 1912-14 by SPR from Jullundur City to Ferozepur Cantonment. Worked by as part of the ‘NWR System’* ‘Phillaur-Lohian Kilas Line’, 39 miles(63km), opened 1913 from Phillaur to Lohian Kilas. Also called the ‘[[Phillaur Branch Line]]’* ‘Jullundur City-Nakodar Railway’, 20 miles(32km), opened 1914. Also called the ‘[[Jullundur-Nakodar Chord Railway]]'*‘Wazirabad-Khanewal Branch Line’, 201 miles(320km), from [[Wazirabad]] reaching [[Lyallpur]], 1896; extended to [[Khanewal]], 1900. Also named Khanewal-Wazirabad Railway’. Surveyed under the name [[ Wazirabad-Multan Railway]], 1892; when first section opened 1896 was named the [[Wazirabad-Lyallpur State Railway]] and became part of the NWR network.*‘Shahdara-Sangla Hill Railway’, 56 miles(90km), opened 1907, from Shahdara (6km north of Lahore on Mainline) to Sangla (an intermediate station on the ‘Jech Doab Branch Line’)* ‘Jakhal-Hissar Railway’, 149 50 miles(238km90km), opened 1913 from Jakhal to [[MalakwalHissar]]* ‘Narwana-Kurukshetra Branch’, 53 miles(85km), opened 1909-10 from Narwana to Kurukshetra* [[Jind-Panipat Railway| ‘Jind-Panipat Railway - British Section’]] , 15 mile(on 24km), opened 1916 from Panipat to “2¾ miles from Madhuka” as part of the ‘[[Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway]]’ . The line connected to the NWR [[SindJind-Panipat Railway| ‘Jind-Sagar Panipat Railway- Indian State Section’]], 26 miles(41km) . Both sections funded by Jind State Durbar. Originally worked by [[EIR]] until via Sarodha1926, opened then by NWR* ‘Rohtak-Panipat Branch’, 1903 ; extended 44 miles(71km), opened 1928 from Rohtak to Shorkot RoadPanipat* ‘Jullundur Cantonment-Hoshiapur Branch’, 23 miles(37km), 1906 opened 1913 from Jullundur Cantonment to join the ‘WazirabadHoshiapur*[[Amritsar-Khanewal Pathankot Railway| ‘Pathankot Branch Line’]], 67 miles(107km), a branch from [[Amritsar]] via Dinanager to [[Pathankot]], opened 1884 by SP&DR, became NWR from 1886.*‘Shahdara‘Batala-Sangla Branch Line’Qadian Railway’, 55 12 miles( 88km19km), opened 1928 from Shahdara Batala to Qadian* ‘Verka-Narowal Railway’, 39 miles(6km north of Lahore on Mainline63km) , opened 1920-27 from Verka to Sangla Narowal* ‘Jassar-Chak Amru Railway’, 27 miles(an intermediate station on the ‘Jech Doab Branch Line’43km) , opened by NWR1927 from Jassar to Chak Amru* ‘[[Shahdara-Narowal Railway]]’, 48 miles(77km), 1907opened 1926 from Shahdara to Narowal*‘Wazirabad-Suchetgarh Railway, 36 miles(58km), opened 1894 from Wazirabad to Sialkot and extended to Suchetgarh in 1890* ‘Shorkot Road-Qila Sheikhupura Railway’, 137 miles(220km), opened 1909-11 from Shorkot Road to Qila Sheikhupura. Originally named the ‘[[Shorekot Road-Chichoki Railway |’Shorkot Road-Chichoki Mallian Branch Line’]], 136 miles(218km), from Shorkot Road (on the ‘Wazirabad-Khanewal Branch Line’ ) via Jaranwala to Chichoki Mallian (an intermediate stop on the ‘Shahdara-Sangla Branch Line’) .* ‘Lyallpur-Jaranwala Railway’, 21 miles(34km) , under survey and construction 1906-10; opened by NWR, 1909-111927 from Lyallpur from Jaranwala*‘Hoshiarpur Branch Line’‘Shorkot Road-Malakwal Railway’, 23 140 miles(37km225km), from [[Jullundur Malakwal]] (on the NWR [[GhaziabadSind-Lahore Sagar Railway |Ghaziabad- Lahore Mainline]]) to [[Hoshiarpur]] via Sarodha, opened by NWR, 19131903 ; extended to Shorkot Road, 1906 to join the ‘Wazirabad-Khanewal Branch Line’. Originally named the ‘Jech Doab Branch Line’* ‘Chak Jhumra-Hundewali Railway’, 43 miles(69km), opened 1928-29 from Chak Jhumra to Hundewali* ‘Sargudila-Khushah Railway’, 28 miles(45km), opened 1929 from Sargudila to Khushah *‘Havelian Branch Line’‘Taxila-Havelian Railway’, 35 miles(56km) , opened 1913 from Taxila to Havelian. Originally named ‘Havelian Branch Line’, from Sarai Kala (Not identified, thought to be Taxila Junction, 15 km NW of [[Rawalpindi]], on the ‘[[Lahore & Peshawar Railway|Lahore-Peshawar Mainline]]’, to Havelian, opened by NWR, 1913*‘Jakhal‘Moghalpura-Hissar Branch Line’Lahore Cantonment West Railway’, 50 2.2 miles(80km3.5km), opened date unstated from Jakhal Moghalpura to [[Hissar]] opened 1913 by NWRLahore
* ‘[[Sirhind-Rupar Railway]]’, estimated 55 km from [[Sirhind]] (on ‘[[Ghaziabad-Lahore Railway |Ghaziabad- Lahore Mainline]]’ between [[Ambala]] and [[Ludhiana]]). Constructed by NWR as part of a dam construction project and in operation before 1927
==NWR Frontier (Military) /Strategic Section ==Broad Gauge([[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG]]). Total line length, 1151(1852km) in 1918, described as the ‘NWR Frontier(Military Section - 1151 ) Section’; by 1937 this had become 1555 miles(1852km2503km)and described as the ‘NWR Strategic Section’. <br>''Based '[[Baluchistan Railways| ‘Baluchistan Railways’]]''' is the sub-heading used in the 1937 Report comprising:-* [[Sind-Pishin State Railway|‘Ruk-Chaman Mainline’]]. Recorded in the 1916 Report as the ‘[[Sind-Pishin State Railway]]’, 337 miles(542km). The ‘[[Quetta Link Railway]]’ was order by the British Government in 1876 as a strategic railway. The section from Ruk Junction to [[Sibi]] opened 1880, constructed by the SP&DR and named the [[Kandahar State Railway]], merged into NWR 1886; extended from [[Sibi]] via Mushkaf and Bostan 1887; to Killa Abdulla, 1888; reaching [[Chaman]] 1892 . The section from [[Mushkaf-Bolan Railway| Muskaf through the Bolan Pass]] was a major challenge as described in the page ‘[[Bolan Pass Railway Construction]]’, the track was twice washed away and finally opened after reconstruction in 1887. Recorded in the 1937 Report as the ‘Ruk-Chaman Mainline’, 310 miles(499km)* ‘Sebi-Bostan (Harnai Route) Branch Line’, 134 miles(216km), originally named the ‘Sibi-Bostan Loop Line’, 109 mile(175km), from [[Sibi]] to [[Quetta]], opened 1882 and 1887, dismantled and realigned 1897; extended to Bostan, 1887; Bostan Chord opened 1898.* ‘Spezand-Zahidan Branch Line’, 440 miles(708km, original section named the ‘[[Quetta-Nushki Branch Line]]’, 88 miles(141km),opened on information November 15, 1905. An extension NWR Military Section from Spezand Junction near Quetta to [[Nushki]]. The line was extended to respond to Military demands and was completed to Duzdap (Zahidan) by 1927. ''See'' ‘[[Trans-Baluchistan Railway]]’ and ‘[[Nushki Extension Railway]]’ ''for details. ''* ‘Bhaganwala Branch Line’, 11 miles(18km) from Haranpur to Bhaganwala, opened 1895. Listed in the “1918 Admin Report” under the ‘NWR Frontier Section’, ''not listed in the “1937 History of Railways” ''* ‘Warcha Quarry Branch Line’, 8 miles(13km) from Gunjyal to Warcha, opened 1918 “Administration . Listed in the “1918 Admin Report” under the ‘NWR Frontier Section’, ''not listed in the “1937 History of Railways” ''* ‘Ghazi Ghat Branch Line’ 10 miles(16km), opened 1887 from Mahmud Kot to Ghazi Ghat. Listed in the “1918 Admin Report” under the ‘NWR Frontier Section’, ''not listed in the “1937 History of Railways” '' ==N.W.F.P Railways BG== This abbreviation is the heading in the 1937 Report – ''exact meaning unknown''* ‘Peshawar Cantonment-Landi Khana Mainline’, 37 miles(60km). The first section named ‘Peshawar-Jamrud Branch Line’, 11 miles(18km), opened 1901 from [[Peshawar]] to Jamrud. Extended in 1925-26 from Jamrud via Kotal to Landi Khana, worked as part of NWR. This formed the first part of the [[Khyber Railway| ‘Khyber Railway - ''see separate page'']]* ‘[[Nowshera-Durgai Railway]]’, originally opened 1901 as narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) , 40 miles(64km) from Nowshera to Durgai. Owned by State, worked as part of NWR. Converted to BG 1921-22  ==Punjab Railway Branch Lines BG==This is the heading used in the 1937 Report for Railways” pages 106 * [[Sind-Sagar Railway|’Sind-Sagar Line’]]** ‘Lala Musa-Kundian Branch Line’, 157 miles(414km) from [[Lala Musa]] to [[Malakwal]], following the east bank of Indus River, opened 1880 by [[Sind-Sagar Railway]] as metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) converted to BG 1886 on the amalgamation into NWR. The line was extended from [[Malakwal]] to Kundian in 1887** ‘Shershah-Campbellpur Branch Line’, 309 miles(497km), opened in stages. From Shershah (where the line connected to the ‘[[Lahore-Karachi Mainline]]’) to Kundian , opened 1887-90. The ‘Kundian-Campbellpur Section’, 119 miles(191km) from Kundian via Daud Khel to Jand opened 1892-99; Jald to Basal opened 1881 and 107extended to [[Campbellpur]] 1899, later renamed [[Attock]]** ‘Daud Khel- Mari Indus Branch Line’, 6 miles(10km), opened 1892 from Daud Khel to Mari Indus. This branch linked to the ‘Shershah-Campbellpur Branch Line’ at Daud Khel (''see above'') and was originally named the ‘[[Mari-Attock Railway]]’ ** ‘Malakwal-Bhera Branch Line, 18 miles(29km), from Malakwal via Miani to Bhera, opened 1880-82 as a metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) line and named the ‘Bhera Branch Line’; converted to BG 1887 ** ‘Charlisa-Dandot Branch Line’, 7 miles(11km), from from Chalisa Junction via Khewra Salt Mines to Dandot, opened 1888 as a metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) line; converted to BG 1887-89. Originally named ‘[[Dandot Light Railway]]’ as a metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) line; converted to BG 1887-89** ‘[[Jand-Kohat Branch Line]]’, 39 miles(63km), 7 miles(11km) from Jand to Khushalgarh opened 1881 as [[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG]] line; the 32 miles(52km) extension to [[Kohat]] was first opened 1902 as part of the ‘[[Khushalgarh-Kohat-Thal Railway]]’ 2ft 6in/762mm narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]), the section as far [[Kohat]] was converted to BG, 1908. ==NWR System – BG Lines Worked as part of the NWR System ==Based on the “1937, History of Indian Railways”<ref name=Hist157>[https://ia801605.us.archive.org/30/items/in.ernet.dli.2015.36650/2015.36650.India-Railway-Board-History-Of-Indian-Railways-Constructed-And-In-Progress.pdf US Archive .org pdf download of ‘History Of Indian Railways, constructed and in progress’, 31 March 1937 by ‘The Government of India - Railway Department’ page 157-171, pdf 196-210]; Retrieved 13 Sept 2020</ref>, and also where extra information is available from the “1918, Administration Report on Railways 1918” <ref name=Admin1918p106Admin1918p111>[https://archive.org/stream/BombayBarodaAndCentralIndiaRailwaySystem/Bombay_Baroda_And_Central_India_Railway_System#page/n119/mode/1up “Administration Report for Railways” pages 111-120 (pdf 119-128)]; Retrieved 13 Sept 2020</ref''See separate pages for details '' * [[Amritsar-Patti Railway |‘Amritsar-Patti -Kasur Railway’]], BG, 55 miles(88km), opened 1906 from [[Amritsar]] to Patti, and named ‘[[Amritsar-Patti Railway]]’; the ‘[[Patti-Kasur Railway]]’extended the line to [[Kasur]], a further 27 miles(43km), 1910. A Private Company formed in 1905, with [[ Agencies|Managing Agents]] [[Killick, Nixon & Company|Messrs. Killick, Nixon & Co, Bombay]], worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’* ‘[[Hoshiarpur Doab Railway]]’(HDR), BG, Private Co., three sections opened 1915-17, total 91 miles(146km). Network of lines all worked by NWR as part of ‘NWR System ‘** [[Jullundur-Mukerian Railway| ‘Jullundur-Mukerian Section’]], BG, 45 miles(72km), opened 1914-15 from Jullundur City to Mukerian** [[Phagwara-Rahon Railway| ‘Phagwara-Rahon’]], BG, 26 miles(42km), opened 1915-16 from Phagwara to Rahon** ‘[[Jaijon Extension Railway]]’, BG, 20 miles(32km), opened 1917 from Nawanshahr to Jaijon * ‘[[Jammu and Kashmir Railway]] - Indian State Section’, BG, 16 miles(26km), opened 1990 from ‘Frontier of the Kashmir State’ to the left bank of the Tawi River near Jammu Indian State Section’ as part of the ‘NWR System’.* [[Jind-Panipat Railway| ‘Jind-Panipat Railway - Indian State Section’]], BG,26 miles(41km) from Jind City to “2¾ miles from Madhuka” where it connected to the [[Jind-Panipat Railway| ‘Jind-Panipat Railway - British Section’]], 26 miles(41km). Both sections opened 1916 funded by Jind State Durbar. Originally worked by [[EIR]] until 1926, then by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Khanpur-Chachran Railway]]’, BG, 22 miles(35km), opened 1911 from Khanpur to Chachran . Owned by Bahawalpur Durbar; worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Ludhiana-Dhuri-Jakhal Railway]]’, BG, 79 miles(127km), opened 1901 from Ludhiana via Dhuri to Jakhal . Managed, maintained and worked by NWR under an Agreement with the [[Princely states|Princely ]] Maler Kotla State]Durbar and the Jhind State Durbars as part of the ‘NWR System’. The line was used by ‘[[Sind Punjab Railway]]’(SPR) linking the ’[[Delhi-Samasata Railway|Delhi-Samasata Mainline]]’ at [[Jakhal]] with '[[Ludhiana Extension Railway]]' at [[Ludhiana]].* ‘[[Mandra Bhaun Railway]]’, BG, 46 miles(83km), constructed by NWR, opened in 1915-16 from Mandra to Bhaun. Private Co. formed 1913, with [[Managing Agencies |Managing Agent]] [[Killick, Nixon & Company]]. Worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Rajpura-Bhatinda Railway]]’, BG, 108 miles(173km) total, opened 1884 from Rajpura to Patiala as the ‘[[Rajpura-Pattiala Railway]]’, extended to Bhatinda 1889. Owned by Patiala Durbar and worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Sialkot-Narowal Railway]],’ BG, 38 miles(61km), opened 1915-16 from [[Sialkot]] to [[Narowal]]. Constructed by NWR for the ‘Sialkot-Narowal Railway Company’ and worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Sirhind-Rupar Railway]]’, BG, 31 miles(50km), opened 1928 from Sirhind to Rupar. Private Co. Funded by Patiala Durbar and worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.* ‘[[Bahawalnagar-Fort Abbas-Kut Al Imara Railway]]’, BG, 152 miles(245km). The [[Bahawalnagar-Fort Abbas Railway| ‘Bahawalnagar-Fort Abbas Section’]], 70 miles(112km), opened 1928 and extended to Kut Al Imara in 1931. Worked by NWR as part of the ‘NWR System’.
'''Sind-Sagar Mainline'''==NWR Narrow Gauge System==* ‘Lala Musa-Sher Shah Mainline’, 342 miles(550km). [[Lala Musa]] to [[Malakwal]]Based on the “1937, following the east bank History of Indus River, opened 1880 by Indian Railways”<ref name=Hist172>[[Sind-Sagar Railway]] as metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) converted to BG 1886 on the amalgamation into NWRhttps://ia801605.us.archive. The line was extended from [[Malakwal]] via Kundian and Bhaakkar and reached Sher Shah org/30/items/in 1900 where it joined the ‘[[Lahore-Karachi Mainline]]’.** ‘Golraernet.dli.2015.36650/2015.36650.India-Basal Section Line’, 47 Miles(75km), opened 1881 from Golra (on ‘[[Lahore & Peshawar Railway|Lahore-Peshawar Mainline]]’) to Basal Junction (where it joined the ‘[[KhushalgarhBoard-KohatHistory-Thal Railway]]’ )** ‘Kohat Section Line’, 39 miles(63km), 7 miles(11km) from Jand to Khushalgarh opened 1881 as [[Rail_gauge#Broad_Gauge|BG]] line; the 32 miles(52km) extension to [[Kohat]] was first opened 1902 as part of the ‘[[KhushalgarhOf-KohatIndian-Thal Railway]]’ 2ft 6in/762mm narrow gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]), the section as far [[Kohat]] was converted to BG, 1908.** ‘Bhara Branch Line’, 18 Miles(km) from Malakwal via Miani to Bhera, opened 1880Railways-82 as a metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) line; converted to BG 1887 ** ‘Bhaganwala Branch Line’, 11 miles(18km) from Haranpur to Bhaganwala, opened 1895** ‘Warcha Quarry Branch Line’, 8 miles(13km) from Gunjyal to Warcha, opened 1918** ‘[[Dandot Branch Line]]’, 8.5 miles(13.6km) from Chalisa Junction via Khewra Salt Mines to Dandot, opened 1888 as a metre gauge([[Rail_gauge_#Metre_Gauge|MG]]) line; converted to BG 1887Constructed-89** ‘KundianAnd-Campbellpur Section’, 119 miles(191km) from Kundian via Daud Khel to Jand opened 1892In-99; Jald to Basal opened 1881 and extended to Campbellpur 1899** ‘Mari Branch Line’, 6Progress.pdf US Archive .2 miles(10km)org pdf download of ‘History Of Indian Railways, opened 1892 from Daud Khel to Mari** ‘Ghazi Ghat Branch Line’ 10 miles(16km)constructed and in progress’, opened 1887 from Mahmud Kot to Ghazi Ghat** ‘Peshawar31 March 1937 by ‘The Government of India - Railway Department’ page 172-Jamrud Branch Line’178, 11 miles(18km), opened 1901 from [[Peshawarpdf 211-218]] to Jamrud; Retrieved 13 Sept 2020</ref>
'''Sind-Pishin Mainline'See separate pages for details ''*[[Sind-Pishin State Railway|‘Ruk-Chaman Mainline’]], 387 miles(622km). The [[Quetta Link Railway]] was order by the British Government in 1876 as a strategic railway. The section from Ruk]Junction to [[Sibi]] opened 1880 was constructed by the SP&DR and named the [[Kandahar State Railway]], merged into NWR 1886; extended from [[Sibi]] via Mushkaf and Bostan 1887; to Lila Abdulla, 1888; reaching [[Chaman]] 1892 . The section from [[Mushkaf-Bolan Railway| Muskaf through the Bolan Pass]] was a major challenge as described in the [[Bolan Pass Railway Construction]] the track was twice washed away and finally opened after reconstruction in 1887** ‘[[Quetta-Nushki Branch Line]]’, 88 miles(141km),opened on November 15, 1905. An extension NWR Military Section from Spezand Junction, [[Quetta]] to [[Nushki]]. The line was extended from 1916 to respond to Military demands – see [[Trans-Baluchistan Railway]] for details** ‘Sibi-Bostan Loop Line’, 109 mile(175km), from [[Sibi]] to [[Quetta]], opened 1882 and 1887, dismantled and realigned 1897; extended to [[Bostan]], 1887; Bostan Chord opened 1898
==NWR * ‘[[Kalka-Simla Railway]]’, Narrow Gauge Northern Frontier Network==''In approximate chronological order''([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) , 59 miles(95km), opened 1903 from Kalka to Simla. Constructed and funded and initially worked by the [[Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway| ‘Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway Company’]] . Taken over by Government of India([[Government of India |GoI]]), 1906 and made over to the NWR from 1907<ref>ibid page 172 pdf 211</ref>.* ‘[[Mari-Attock Kangra Valley Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]] mountain railway, 103 miles(km), opened 18911929 from Pathankoft to Jogindar Nagar. Opened Constructed by ‘State Agency . Worked by NWR as part of NWR Northern Frontier narrow gauge networkthe ‘NWR System’ <ref>ibid page 173 pdf 212</ref>. One section closed in 1942 (reopened 1954).* ‘[[KhushalgarhTrans Indus (Mari Indus-Kalabagh-Bannu) Railway]]’, total 157 miles(253km), the section from Laki Marwat to Manzai classified as a ‘NWR Strategic Line’ <ref>ibid page 174 pdf 212</ref>. It comprised the following railways:-Kohat** ‘[[Trans Indus (Kalabagh-Thal Bannu) Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]] , 88 miles(142km), opened 1913 from Kalabagh to Bannu . This classified as the ‘Main Line’. The ‘[[Bannu RailwaySurvey]]’is recorded as “ under survey in 1909” by NWR on behalf of Government of India([[Government of India |GoI]]** ‘Laki Marwat via Pezu to Tank Strategic Line’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]], 47 miles(76km), opened 1903 1916, worked by the NWR as a military railway; part of ‘NWR Strategic Line’**’ Tank via Kaur to Manzai Strategic Line’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]], 22 miles(45km) , opened 1921-22, worked by the NWR Northern Frontier narrow gauge networkas a ‘NWR Stategic Line’* ‘[[Mari Indus Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]] , 22 miles(35km), opened 1922 from Tank via Kaur to Manzai , extended 1908 worked by the NWR as a ‘NWR Military Line’. ''Note the locations of Kaur and Manzai have not been identified''* ‘[[Zhob Valley Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]], total 174 miles(282km). An unspecified section opened 1917 as ‘assisted siding of a private company’ . ‘Acquired by the State’ with the ‘[[Khanai-Hindubagh Railway| ‘Khansi to Hindabagh Section’]], 43 miles (69km) opened 1921 as part of the ‘NWR System’. Extended from Hindabagh to Killa Salfullah in 1927, a further 39½ miles(63km) and from Killa Salfullah to Port Sandeman, Zhob in 1929, a further 88½ miles(143km) <ref>ibid page 174 pdf 213</ref>.* [[Kohat-Thal Railway | ‘Kohat-Thai Railway - Military Line’]], [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]], 62 miles(100km) opened 1921in 1903 from Kohat to Thai. Part Originally part of the NWR Northern Frontier ‘[[Khushalgarh-Kohat-Thal Railway]]’, opened 1903 as a narrow gauge, [[Zhob Valley RailwayRail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|(NG)]] networkmilitary railway; construction commenced 1916. The section from Khushalgarh to Kohat was converted to BG in 1908 and became part of the ‘[[Jand-Kohat Branch Line]]’ (listed in ‘NWR Branch Lines’ <ref>ibid page 176 pdf 215</ref>.* ‘[[Mari Indus Jacobabad-Kashmore Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]] , constructed in 1920's opened 1914, 77 miles(123km) from [[Jacobad]] to [[Kashmor]]. Constructed by the ‘ Upper Sind Light Railways Jacobabad-Kashmore Feeder Company. Worked by NWR as part of NWR Northern Frontier narrow gauge networkthe ‘NWR System’ <ref>ibid page 176 pdf 215</ref>. Purchased by GoI, 1945* ‘[[Zhob Valley Larkana-Jacobabad (Sind) Light Railway]]’, [[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]] , opened 1921, 53 miles(85km) from Larkana via Shahdadkot to Dadaur. Part Constructed by the ‘Sind Light Rail Company with [[Managing Agencies|Managing Agents]] [[Forbes,Forbes, Campbell & Co]], Karachi. Worked by NWR as part of NWR Northern Frontier the ‘NWR System’ <ref>ibid page 178 pdf 218</ref>.* ‘[[Nowshera-Durgai Railway]]’, originally opened 1901 as narrow gauge network; finally extended ([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) , 40 miles(64km) from Boston Nowshera to Zhob Durgai. Owned by State, 1929worked as part of NWR. Converted to BG 1921-22 and classified [[‘N.W.F.P Railways’ ]] ''see heading above ''<ref>ibid page 174 pdf 212</ref>.
==Foreign Lines worked by NWR at some time==''In approximate chronological order''* ‘[[Rajpura-Bhatinda Railway]]’, BG, 108 miles(173km) total, opened 1884 from Rajpura to Patiala as the ‘[[Rajpura-Pattiala Railway]]’, extended to Bhatinda 1889. Owned by Patiala Durbar, worked by NWR * ‘[[Southern Punjab Railway]]’(SPR), BG, private company,several sections opened from 1897 onwards. Total 502 miles(808km) in 1905, 995 miles(1601km) in 1918. Private Co., worked as part of the NWR system; lines acquired by State and merged into NWR, 1930. With following sections:-** ‘[[Delhi-Samasata Railway|Delhi-Samasata Mainline]]’, BG,opened 1897 by SPR. [[Delhi]] via Narwana, Jakhal, [[Bhatinda]] to [[Samasata]]; 426 miles(685km) including branches:-**[[Jullundur-Doab Railway]], BG, opened 1912-14 by SPR, 130 miles(209km) comprising the ‘Jullunder-Ferozepore Mainline'; ‘[[Phillaur Branch Line]]’ and the ‘[[Jullundur-Nakodar Chord Railway]]'** [[Ludhiana Extension Railway]], BG, opened 1905-06 by SPR, 152 miles(244km) comprising the ‘Ludhiana-Ferozepore Line’ and ‘Ferozepore-MacLeod Ganj Line’**[[Sutlej Valley Railway|’Sutlej Valley Extension Railway’]] also named ‘[Kasur-Lodhran Railway]]’, BG, opened 1910 by SPR, 208 miles(335km). Line closed and dismantled 1917-18, ** ‘[[Ludhiana-Dhuri-Jakhal Railway]]’BG, opened 1901, 79 miles(127km). Managed, maintained and worked by [[North Western Railway]] (NWR) under an Agreement with the [[Princely states|Princely ]] Maler Kotla State]Durbar and the Jhind State Durbars. The line was used by SPR linking the ’[[Delhi-Samasata Railway|Delhi-Samasata Mainline]]’ at [[Jakhal]] with '[[Ludhiana Extension Railway]]' at [[Ludhiana]].* ‘[[Ludhiana-Dhuri-Jakhal Railway]]’, BG, opened 1901; owned by Jind & Kotia Darbar; constructed and worked by NWR* ‘[[Nowshera-Durgai Railway]]’, NG, opened 1901, 40 miles(64km), owned by State, worked as part of NWR* ‘[[Kalka-Simla Railway]]’, Narrow Gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) opened 1903 , 59 miles(95km). Built and worked by private company; taken over by Government of India([[Government of India |GoI]]), 1906 and worked by NWR from 1907.* ‘[[Trans-Baluchistan Railway]]’, opened 1905. Strategic Military line between India and Persia (now Iran); worked by NWR** ‘[[Nushki Extension Railway]]’. Extension of ‘[[Trans-Baluchistan Railway]]’; construction commenced 1916; worked by NWR* ‘[[Amritsar-Patti Railway]]’, BG, 37 miles(59km), opened 1906 from [[Amritsar]] to Patti, extended to [[Kasur]], a further 27 miles(43km), 1910. Private Co. formed 1905, worked by NWR** ‘[[Patti-Kasur Railway]]’, BG, 27 miles(43km), opened 1910. Private Co., extension of [[Amritsar-Patti Railway]], worked by NWR* ‘[[Khanpur-Chachran Railway]]’, BG, opened 1911, 22 miles(35km). Owned by Bahawalpur Durbar; worked by NWR.* ‘[[Trans Indus (Kalabagh-Bannu) Railway]]’, NG, 136 miles(218km), opened 1913 and extended 1916; worked and finally merged into NWR* ‘[[Jacobabad-Kashmore Railway]]’, NG, opened 1914, 77 miles(123km) from [[Jacobad]] to [[Kashmor]]. Private Co., worked by NWR; purchased by GoI, 1945* “[[Hoshiarpur Doab Railway]]’(HDR), BG, Private Co., three sections opened 1915-17, total 90 miles(144km). Network of lines all worked and apparantly finally absorbed into NWR** ‘[[Jullundur-Mukerian Railway]]’, BG, Private Co., opened 1914-15. ** ‘[[Phagwara-Rahon Railway]]’, BG, Private Co., opened 1915-16. ** ‘[[Jaijon Extension Railway]],’ BG, Private Co., opened before 1920. * ‘[[Sialkot-Narowal Railway]],’ BG, opened 1915-16, 38 miles(61km) from [[Sialkot]] to [[Narowal]]. Private Co., worked by NWR* ‘[[Mandra Bhaun Railway]]’, BG, 46 miles(83km), opened in 1915-16 from Mandra to Bhaun. Private Co. formed 1913, worked by NWR * ‘[[Jind-Panipat Railway]]’, BG, opened 1916-17, 26 miles(41km). Owned by Jind State Durbar. Originally worked by EIR; later apparently by NWR * ‘[[Larkana-Jacobabad (Sind) Light Railway]]’, NG, Private Co., opened 1921, worked by NWR* ‘[[Khyber Railway]], opened 1925 as a BG line strategic line from India to Afganistan via Khyber Pass; worked by NWR* ‘[[Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway]]’, formed 1889 as private company, [[Delhi]] to [[Kalka]], line opened 1891, 162 miles(259km), worked and maintained by [[East Indian Railway]](EIR). Page 60 (pdf68) Until 1925, then by [[North Western Railway]](NWR). ** ‘[[Thanesar-Kaithal Railway]]’, a branch line of the [[Delhi-Umballa-Kalka Railway]], opened 1909-10, 30 miles(48km) branch from Kurukshetra to Kathal, worked and maintained by EIR up to 1925,Page 60 (pdf68). Then by [[North Western Railway]] from 1926.* ‘[[Shahdara-Narowal Railway]]’, BG, opened 1926 as further extension of NWR from [[Narowal]] to Shahdara. *[[Bahawalnagar-Fort Abbas Railway]]’, BG, 70 miles(112km), opened 1928. A Durbar line financed by princely state of [[Bahawalpur]]; worked by NWR* ‘[[Kangra Valley Railway]],’ Narrow Gauge([[Rail_gauge#Narrow_Gauge|NG]]) mountain railway, opened 1929, worked by NWR; one section closed in 1942 (reopened 1954).
* ‘[[Aden Railway]]’, MG, opened 1915-16. Constructed as a military railway, worked by NWR under designated 'Engineer-in-charge'. Closed 1929, dismantled 1930
 
==Railways surveyed by NWR==
* ‘[[Bannu Railway Survey]]’. Under Survey in 1909 (ref 1909 India List) by NWR on behalf of Government of India([[Government of India |GoI]]), but no evidence that it was constructed
== References ==
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