Southern Punjab Railway
|Southern Punjab Railway|
| [[Image:|150px| ]]|
|Line of route|
| Delhi to Samasata|
McLeod Ganj to Ludhiana
Narwana to Kaithal (branch)
|Gauge / mileage|
|Broad gauge||502 miles (1905)|
|1897||Delhi to Samasata line opened to traffic|
|1930||Line acquired by State and merged into NWR|
|Stations||Bahawalpur, Bhatinda, Fazilka, Ferozepore, Jakhai, Rohtak|
|Worked by North Western Railway|
|How to interpret this infobox|
The Southern Punjab Railway(SPR) was a broad gauge(BG) line built to provide a more direct connection from Karachi to Delhi by linking to the original Indus Valley line at Samasata and avoiding the North Western Railway loop via Lahore. 
The Company was formed in 1895. The main line ran north west from Delhi to Bhatinda then south west through Bahawalpur State to Samasata, a total distance of 402 miles(643km). Several extension lines (Jullunder, Sutlej Valley etc.) extended the length to 502 miles(803km) in 1905.
The railway was worked by the North Western State(NWR) Railway (see "Records L/AG/46/34").
Purchased by Government in 1930.
SPR Branch Lines and extensions
- Delhi-Samasatta Railway was opened in 1897 by the SPR connecting Delhi with Samasatta via Bhatinda. The line passed through Muktasar and Fazilka and provided direct connection through Samasatta (now in Pakistan) to Karachi.
- McLeodganj Railway was an extension constructed by SPR in 1905 and worked by them. Later renamed Mandi Sadiqgan Railway and now in Pakistan.
- Narwana-Kaithal Railway was opened in 1899 by SPR, linking Kaitha to Narwana, from where a branch line to Kuruksheta was opened in 1910.
Railways absorbed into SPR
- Sutlej Valley Railway, opened 1910. Constructed as part of Sutlej Valley Irrigation project; merged into SPR, 1917-18. The Kasur-Lodhran Railway section of this line was dismantled in 1917.
Lines worked by SPR at some time
- Narwana-Kaithal Railway, opened 1899, extended to Kuruksheta, 1910; worked by SPR.
Refer to FIBIS Fact File #4: “Research sources for Indian Railways, 1845-1947” - available from the Fibis shop. This Fact File contains invaluable advice on 'Researching ancestors in the UK records of Indian Railways' with particular reference to the India Office Records (IOR) held at the British Library
An on-line search of the IOR records relating to this railway  gives many references. The most important being:-
- L/AG/46/39 “Records of the India Office relating to the Southern Punjab Railway Company; 1895-1914".'
- L/F/7/2607-2615 “Collection 401: Southern Punjab Railway, date unspecified"
also concerning the working of the Southern Punjab Railway by NWR.
- L/AG/46/34 “ Records of the India Office relating to the North Western State Railway",
- Wikipedia "Fazilka railway station"; Retrieved 13 Dec 2015
- “British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue” - Search; Retrieved Jan 2016