Difference between revisions of "Bengal Sappers and Miners"

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*''History of the Corps of Royal Engineers'' by Whitworth Porter 1889 [http://www.archive.org/stream/historycorpsroy01portgoog#page/n8/mode/2up Volume 1],  [http://www.archive.org/stream/historycorpsroy00portgoog#page/n12/mode/2up Volume 2] Archive.org
 
*''History of the Corps of Royal Engineers'' by Whitworth Porter 1889 [http://www.archive.org/stream/historycorpsroy01portgoog#page/n8/mode/2up Volume 1],  [http://www.archive.org/stream/historycorpsroy00portgoog#page/n12/mode/2up Volume 2] Archive.org
 
*"Memoir of Major-General Sir Henry Marion Durand, K.C.S.I., C.B., R.E". by Lieutenant C.R. Low, (Late) Indian Navy. [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Q9wRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA221  Part 1: Affghanistan, 1839 and Gwalior, 1843-44], [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Q9wRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA374 Part 2: The Second Sikh War, 1848-49 and The Indian Mutiny, 1857], [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=kdcRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA25 Part 3] ''Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal, 1871 Part 1'' pages 221,374, ''Part 2'' page 25
 
*"Memoir of Major-General Sir Henry Marion Durand, K.C.S.I., C.B., R.E". by Lieutenant C.R. Low, (Late) Indian Navy. [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Q9wRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA221  Part 1: Affghanistan, 1839 and Gwalior, 1843-44], [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Q9wRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA374 Part 2: The Second Sikh War, 1848-49 and The Indian Mutiny, 1857], [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=kdcRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA25 Part 3] ''Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal, 1871 Part 1'' pages 221,374, ''Part 2'' page 25
 
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*[https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.208528/page/n7/mode/2up ''Four Score Years and Ten: Sir Bindon Bloodʼs Reminscences''] by General Sir Bindon Blood, Representative Colonel Commandant, Royal Engineers 1933. [https://archive.org/details/dli.csl.5049/page/n1/mode/2up 2nd file] where images have been rotated. Archive.org. Born 1842, he went to India in 1871, [https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.208528/page/n65/mode/2up page 47] and in September 1871 was appointed to the Bengal Sappers and Miners. For the years to 1906, he spent the majority of the time in India,  and largely was with the BSM until c 1894, with periods out of India.
 
===Other===
 
===Other===
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_(military)#Pioneer_regiments_in_the_Indian_Army Pioneer Regiments in the Indian Army] from Pioneer(military) Wikipedia
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_(military)#Pioneer_regiments_in_the_Indian_Army Pioneer Regiments in the Indian Army] from Pioneer(military) Wikipedia
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*George Francklin Atkinson was in the Bengal Engineers in the Umballa Division . He was the author of [http://www.archive.org/stream/curryriceonforty00atkiuoft#page/n7/mode/2up ''"Curry & Rice," on Forty Plates; or, The Ingredients of Social Life at "Our Station" in India''], first published 1858. Archives.org.  He died in 1858 and his career is mentioned in this [http://www.archive.org/stream/balladsofburmaan00oolarich#page/4/mode/2up Archives.org link]
 
*George Francklin Atkinson was in the Bengal Engineers in the Umballa Division . He was the author of [http://www.archive.org/stream/curryriceonforty00atkiuoft#page/n7/mode/2up ''"Curry & Rice," on Forty Plates; or, The Ingredients of Social Life at "Our Station" in India''], first published 1858. Archives.org.  He died in 1858 and his career is mentioned in this [http://www.archive.org/stream/balladsofburmaan00oolarich#page/4/mode/2up Archives.org link]
 
*Scroll down to [http://www.greathead.org/greathead2-o/p148.htm William Wilberforce Harris Greathed] who received a commission as second-lieutenant in the Bengal Engineers on 9 December 1844. He saw action during the [[Indian Mutiny]], in China and was Chief Engineer and Secretary to Government, North Western Provinces, Irrigation Branch from 13 April 1874. Family website
 
*Scroll down to [http://www.greathead.org/greathead2-o/p148.htm William Wilberforce Harris Greathed] who received a commission as second-lieutenant in the Bengal Engineers on 9 December 1844. He saw action during the [[Indian Mutiny]], in China and was Chief Engineer and Secretary to Government, North Western Provinces, Irrigation Branch from 13 April 1874. Family website
*Victorian Wars Forum thread <ref>''Victorian Wars Forum'' thread  [http://www.victorianwars.com/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=8473 Srgt George Tomkyns]  (retrieved 21 April 2014)</ref> showing a photograph of Sergeant George Tomkyns in uniform,  probably taken about 1860-61 after his promotion to Sergeant. He is wearing medals for the [[2nd Sikh War |Punjab campaign]] with bars for Chillianwallah & Goojerat, and for the [[Indian Mutiny]]
 
 
*[http://www.tribuneindia.com/2014/20140406/spectrum/main5.htm "A peep into the history of Ambala"]  by Lt Gen Ranjit Singh (retd) April 6, 2014. tribuneindia.com (retrieved 21 April 2014).  The Ambala Cantt with tree-lined roads and open spaces owes its origin to Capt Robert Napier, a Bengal Sappers officer
 
*[http://www.tribuneindia.com/2014/20140406/spectrum/main5.htm "A peep into the history of Ambala"]  by Lt Gen Ranjit Singh (retd) April 6, 2014. tribuneindia.com (retrieved 21 April 2014).  The Ambala Cantt with tree-lined roads and open spaces owes its origin to Capt Robert Napier, a Bengal Sappers officer
 
*Lawrence's War Memoirs, [[Second World War|WW2]]: [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/19/a3209519.shtml Part 1], [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/28/a3209528.shtml Part 2], [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/55/a3209555.shtml Part 3] The author trained as an Officer with the Bengal Sappers and Miners and then joined the 67th Indian Field Company which saw action in Burma. bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar
 
*Lawrence's War Memoirs, [[Second World War|WW2]]: [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/19/a3209519.shtml Part 1], [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/28/a3209528.shtml Part 2], [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/55/a3209555.shtml Part 3] The author trained as an Officer with the Bengal Sappers and Miners and then joined the 67th Indian Field Company which saw action in Burma. bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar

Latest revision as of 04:12, 8 June 2020

Bengal Army
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Bengal Sappers and Miners
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2nd Q.O. Sappers and Miners
3rd Sappers and Miners

The Bengal Sappers and Miners were part of the Indian Army Engineer Soldier Corps comprised the three armies of the Presidencies [1]:-

The Bengal Sappers and Miners had officers who were part of

The Bengal Engineers being Engineers of one of the Honourable East India Company Armies. By the 1740’s each military administration of each presidency had its own cadre of British engineer officers, they were titled:- the Bombay Engineers, the Madras Engineers and the Bengal Engineers [2]


The Bengal Sappers and Miners originated as the 'Corps of Bengal Pioneers' raised from two pioneer companies in 1803. It evolved into the 'Bengal Sappers and Miners' in 1819 on the absorption of the 'Company of Miners' (raised in 1808). In 1843 it absorbed into it's ranks the 'Broadfoot's Sappers' (raised in 1840). In 1847 it was renamed the 'Bengal Sappers and Pioneers' and in 1851 the 'Corps of Bengal Sappers and Miners'. Lord Kitchener's Reforms in 1903 saw it redesignated as the '1st Sappers and Miners' which was, again, altered in 1906 to '1st Prince of Wales's Own Sappers and Miners'. On the accession of George V to the throne in 1910 it was renamed '1st King George's Own Sappers and Miners' with the numerical nomination being dropped in 1923. In 1937 it was re-titled 'King George V's Bengal Sappers and Miners'. In 1941 they became the 'King George V's Bengal Sappers and Miners Group' of the Indian Engineers in 1946 the 'King George V's Group' of the Royal Indian Engineers[1]. The senior Officers were British and the loosely organised military units were later combined into battalions with Indian officers commanding local troops. Officers were in the early years very conscious of the soldiers' local customs, caste rituals, dress, and social hierarchy.

Chronology

  • 1803 1st company raised by Capt T Wood as Bengal Pioneers
  • 1808 2nd company raised by Capt T Wood as the Company of Miners
  • 1819 part of Bengal Pioneers merged with the Company of Miners to form Bengal Sappers and Miners
  • 1833 remaining part of Bengal Pioneers merged with Bengal Sappers and Miners
  • 1843 absorbed Broadfoot's Sappers
  • 1847 became Bengal Sappers and Pioneers
  • 1851 became Corps of Bengal Sappers and Pioneers
  • 1903 became 1st Sappers and Miners
  • 1906 became 1st Prince of Wales's Own Sappers and Miners
  • 1910 became 1st King George V's Own Bengal Sappers and Miners
  • 1923 became King George V's Own Bengal Sappers and Miners
  • 1937 became King George V's Bengal Sappers and Miners
  • 1941 became King George V's Bengal Sappers and Miners Group of the Indian Engineers
  • 1946 became King George V's Group of the Royal Indian Engineers
  • 1947 half allocated to India on Partition and half to Pakistan

Regimental histories

  • The Indian Sappers and Miners by E. W. C Sandes [Edward Warren Caulfeild] 1948. (726p). Covers the period from the pioneers in 1759 to the prelude to the Second World War. Available at the British Library UIN: BLL01011278725
  • A Short History of the Corps of King George’s Own Bengal Sappers and Miners During the War, 1914-1918 by Colonel A H Cunningham. This book is available at the British Library but is catalogued under the shorter title A short history of the Corps of K.G.O. Sappers and Miners during the war, 1914-1918. UIN: BLL01013577494

External links

Historical books online

Other

References

Our grateful thanks to The Royal Engineers Museum and Library, Prince Arthur Road, Gillingham, Kent, ME4 4UG, England for permission to cite directly from their website. Some records on websites do not give clear distinctions between the ‘Sappers and Miners’ and the ‘Engineers’.