Indian Mutiny

From FIBIwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Indian Mutiny
10 May 1857-19 April 1959
Chronological list of Wars and Campaigns
[[Image:|250px| ]]
Location: Gangetic Plain and Central India
Combatants:
British Army
East India Company Armies
Bengal Presidency regiments
Result: Rebellion crushed
Medals: Indian Mutiny Medal
Clasps: Delhi, Defence of Lucknow, Relief of Lucknow, Lucknow, Central India
Links:
Category:
Delhi Campaign
Events at Cawnpore
Havelock's Campaign
Showers' Movable Column
Greathed's Movable Column
Seaton's Movable Column
Trans-Gogra Campaign
Oude Campaign
Central India Campaign
Rohilcund Campaign


Preamble

The Indian Mutiny is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Revolt of 1857, the Uprising of 1857 and the Sepoy Mutiny.

The rebellion was almost exclusively confined to the regiments in the Bengal Presidency. In 1857 the Bengal Army strength was as follows:

Cavalry Infantry Artillery Sappers Total
British troops 1,366 17,003 3,063 Nil 21,432
Indian troops 19,288 112,052 4,734 1,497 137,571
Totals 20,654 129,055 7,797 1,497 159,003

Outbreaks

Details of the outbreak of mutiny in various locations can be found in the following articles:

Campaigns

For details of the campaigns during the mutiny see the following main articles

Volunteer force

  • The Bengal Yeomanry Cavalry was a volunteer force raised in July 1857 after the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny and disbanded in 1859.
  • The Meerut Light Horse was a volunteer unit formed in 1857 at the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny. Also known as the Meerut Volunteer Horse and the Meerut Volunteer Cavalry, which had originally been formed as the District Volunteer Force. It was disbanded in 1861.

Camel Corps

The Camel Corps was formed at Lucknow on 5 April 1858 from drafts of 100 men each from the 2nd and 3rd Battalion, The Rifle Brigade, to which were eventually added 200 Sikhs. The Camel Corps was used in 1858 and 1859 to support columns of soldiers despatched during the latter stages of the Indian Mutiny to hunt down groups of rebels that had fled into the countryside of Rohilkund and Oudh, and was disbanded on 1 June 1860.

FIBIS resources

Casualties

  • Available at the British Library is the publication, Casualty Roll for the Indian Mutiny, 1857-59, compiled by I. T. Taverner, published by J. B. Hayward & Son (1983), Suffolk, England (ISBN: 0 903754 98 3) pp.205. It contains name, rank and regimental number of every casualty (fatal or otherwise) of HM's (incl. Naval Brigade) & HEIC forces (by Presidency, incl. Indian Medical Service and Ecclesiastical Establishment); location and date where/when/how injured. A useful chronology of the Mutiny events and bibliography is appended.[1]
  • Military records on findypast.com include record set entitled British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859

Recommended Reading

See Fibiwiki Military Reading List - Mutiny

External Links

General

  • Catalogue of Resources in UK Libraries in conjunction with Mutiny at the Margins
  • 1857: A Brief Political and Military Analysis by Maj (Retd) Agha Humayun Amin defencejournal.com (Pakistan), now archived webpages. Issues from July 1999 to June 2000
Chapter One "The English East India Company's Conquest Of India 1757-1849" Chapter Two "The Causes Of The Rebellion" Chapter Three "Political and Military Situation from 1839 to 1857" and Chapter Four "The Bengal Army and The Military Situation -1857" Chapter Five "Development of Situation-January to July 1857". Further chapters may be seen under particular campaigns.

Maps

Historical newspapers and books online

Google Books has Volume 1, and almost all of Volume 2, classified as Volumes 1-7, as follows:
Volume 1: Images, Cover page,which advises "Illustrated with Battle Scenes, Views of Places, Portraits and Maps, Beautifully Engraved On Steel" Page 1 of text, continues to page 184
Volume 2: Images, page 185, continues to page 376
Volume 3: Images, page 377, continues to page 568
Volume 4: Images, page 569, continues to page 648, end of (original) Volume 1. Page 1 of (original) Volume 2, continues to page 112
Volume 5: Images, page 113, continues to page 304
Volume 6: Images, page 305, continues to page 496
Volume 7: Images, page 497, continues to page 663, missing page 664, Index, Volume 1, page 671, Index, Volume 2, page 679
Lacks maps, but pages may be easier to read Archive.org.
Second edition 1897 With a second Preface. Archive.org.
A Lady's Diary Before and During the Indian Mutiny by M H Ouvry 1892 Archive.org. The author 's husband wrote the book above.
The Revolt in Hindustan, 1857-59 by Sir Evelyn Wood 1908 Archive.org. Based on a series of articles in The Times in October 1907.
  • Oriental Campaigns and European Furloughs: The Autobiography of a Veteran of the Indian Mutiny by Colonel E. Maude 1908 Archive.org The author served in a Field Force against the Bheels in 1857 page 207 and in the Malwa Field Force in 1858 page 213
  • The Mutiny, page 48 Incidents and Anecdotes in the Life of Lieut.-General Sprot Volume 1 1906 Archive.org. The author was located in Central India.
  • "East India (Troops and Police)". Correspondence relative to the grant of the Medal to the Troops and Police employed in Suppressing the Mutiny and Rebellion in the Bombay Presidency. With Medal Rolls and details of some of the actions. Accounts and papers of the House of Commons Volume XXXVIII. Ordered to be printed 17 May 1865. Google Books.
  • Our real danger in India by C Forjett, late Commissioner of Police of Bombay c 1877. Archive.org. Includes the author’s views on the causes of the Mutiny and his part in the preventative and precautionary measures taken in Bombay during the Mutiny.
  • Chapter VI, page 198 Reminiscences of an Indian Official by General Sir Orfeur Cavenagh 1884 Archive.org. The measures taken in Calcutta during the Mutiny.
  • History of the Corps of Royal Engineers Vol I by Maj-Gen Whitworth Porter 1889 Volume I The Indian Mutiny archive.org
  • Heroes of the Indian Mutiny: stories of heroic deeds by Edward Gilliat 1914 Archive.org
  • The Indian Mutiny, 1857 from "Memoir of Major-General Sir Henry Marion Durand, K.C.S.I., C.B., R.E." by Lieutenant C.R, Low, (late) Indian Navy. page 376 Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal, 1871 Part 1 Google Books
  • Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal 1880 Part 3 Archive.org
  • Records of the Intelligence Department of the Government of the North-West Provinces of India during the Mutiny of 1857 arranged by Sir William Muir 1902 Archive.org Volume 1 Volume 2
  • Selections from the Punjab Government Records. Edited by A. Raynor and H. R. Goulding c 1911. Pdf downloads, Digital Library of India
Mutiny Records Correspondence In Two Parts [Volume 7] Part 1 1911, Archive.org version, Mutiny Records Correspondence Vol.7 Pt.2 1911.
Mutiny Records Reports Vol.8 Pt.1 1911, Archive.org version; Mutiny Records Reports Vol.8 Pt.2, Archive.org version.

Fiction

The Great White Hand or, The Tiger of Cawnpore: a Story of the Indian Mutiny by J E Muddock 1896 Archive.org

For younger readers

Gil the Gunner; or The Youngest Officer in the East by George Manville Fenn 1892 Archive.org. A boys’ adventure story about a young officer in the Bengal Horse Artillery.

References

  1. By email to User:Maureene dated 14 November 2010
  2. Snook, Mike. How did new troops get to Roorkee in 1858? Victorian Wars Forum 3 August 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  3. page 230 footnote "Notes on the History and Services of the Thirty-Second Regiment" Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal 1880 Part 3
  4. History of the Royal and Indian Artillery in the Mutiny of 1857 by Julian R J Jocelyn. Naval & Military Press reprint edition.
  5. peterharrington.co.uk. Accessed 21 September 2016.