2nd Burma War
|2nd Burma War|
|5 April 1852-20 January 1853|
|Chronological list of Wars and Campaigns|
|British and Indians||Burma|
|Result: British victory|
|Medals: Indian General Service Medal, Pegu Clasp|
|Category: 2nd Burma War 1852-53|
|See our interactive map of|
2nd Burma War 1852-53
locations and routes on Google Maps
The 2nd Burma War, also known as the 2nd Anglo-Burmese War, was the second of the three British campaigns that led to the complete annexation of Burma.
Commodore George Lambert was sent to Burma to negotiate over a number of minor issues relating to the Treaty of Yanabo which had ended the 1st Burma War. Instead of resolving the problem Lambert provoked a confrontation which led to a declaration of war and a British Expeditionary Force under Lt Gen Henry Godwin attacking Martaban and occupying Rangoon. The British occupied Prome in October and announced the annexation of the province of Pegu on 20 January 1853. No treaty was signed.
Cause of the War - An Imperial View
"The future historian may write that the Second Burmese war was chiefly caused and prolonged by a few blustering Burmese officers, the representatives of a self-interested rabble, whose chief object was to fill the golden ear of royalty with false reports, that they might prop up a government fast falling to decay, and with greater vigour sow the seeds of ruin in these fertile and beautiful regions. He will then probably gladly tell how the British power came forward in time of need with that protecting hand which has been so often held forth in similar missions, and which we trust may be so employed until peace secures in her fair dominions the entire human family."
'Pegu' by Lt William Laurie
Expedition Commander Maj-Gen Henry Godwin CB
- 18th Regiment of Foot (850 men)
- 51st Regiment of Foot (900 men)
- 80th Regiment of Foot (460 men)
- Artillery (5 companies, 517 men)
- Native Infantry (3 regiments, 2,800 men)
- Gun Lascars (70 men)
- Sappers and Miners (170 men)
Total 5,767 men
Reinforced Campaign Force
- 1st Brigade under Brig Reignolds, The Royal Irish
- 2nd Brigade under Brig Dickenson, 40th BNI
- 3rd Brigade under Brig Huish, 37th BNI
Brig-Gen S W Steel KCB commanding
- 1st Brigade under Brig W H Elliott, 51st Foot
- 2nd Brigade under Brig McNeill
- 3rd Brigade
- L/MIL/5/52: Correspondence and nominal rolls. 1854-1855.
- L/MIL/5/53 1855: Nominal Rolls for Bengal ships: Damodali, Fire Queen, India, Lord William Bentinck, Luckia, Mahanuddy, Nemesis, Nerbuddah, Phlegethon, Prosperine, Pluto, Soane, Sutledge, Tenasserim
- L/MIL/5/54: 1854 :Correspondence and Nominal Rolls for Bombay ships: Berenice, Medusa, Moozuffor, Sesostris, with index
|The FIBIS Google Books Library|
has books tagged:
2nd Burma War Burma
Anglo-Burmese Wars Wikipedia
Map of British Conquest of Burma Google Books
2nd Burma War 1852-53 Wikipedia
Operations at Rangoon in 1852 by Lt William Laurie Google Books
Events in Second Burmese War Aug 1852 - Jun 1853 by Lt William Laurie Google Books
Medals of the British Army - 2nd Burmese War Medals of the British Army
Central Burma Map Digital South Asia Library
Map of British Conquest of Burma Google Books
Britain’s Wars in Burma (1824-1946) by Ross Dix-Peek. Lists the regiments taking part. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Burma Wars.
Historical books online
- "Papers relating to Hostilities with Burmah". Presented 4 June 1852 from Parliamentary Papers: Accounts and Papers. East India. Ceylon. Volume XXXVI Google Books
- "Further papers relating to Hostilities with Burmah" from Sessional Papers printed by Order of the House of Lords Session 1852-1853 Vol XII: East Indies and East India Company. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Her Majesty’s Command March 15, 1853. Google Books
- Bulletins and other state intelligence. Compiled and arranged from the official documents published in the London Gazette
- Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India Vol V - 2nd Burma War Archive.org
- An account of the Burman Empire compiled from the works of Colonel Symes ... [et al]. A description of different tribes inhabiting in and around that dominion. And, A narrative of the late military and political operations in the Burmese Empire .. by Henry G. Bell 1852 Calcutta. Google Books
- How Wars are got up in India, the Origin of the Burmese War by Richard Cobden. Third edition 1853 Google Books.
- The Second Burmese War: a narrative of the operations at Rangoon, in 1852 by William F B Laurie, Lieut. Madras Artillery 1853 Google Books
- Pegu, being a narrative of events during the Second Burmese War, from August 1852 to its conclusion in June 1853: With a succinct continuation down to February 1854 by William F B Laurie, Lieut. Madras Artillery 1854 Google Books
- Our Burmese wars and relations with Burma: being an abstract of military and political operations, 1824-25-26, and 1852-53, with various local, statistical, and commercial information, and a summary of events from 1826 to 1879, including a sketch of King Theebau's progress by Colonel WFB Laurie 2nd edition 1885 Archive.org
- Incidents in India and Memories of the Mutiny, with some records of Alexander's Horse and the 1st Bengal Cavalry Edited by F W Pitt 1896 Archive.org. The subject of the book is General W R E Alexander, a Commander of the 1st Bengal Cavalry. He took part in the 2nd Burma War.
- 'China Jim', Incidents and Adventures in the Life of an Indian Mutiny Veteran by Major General J T Harris 1912 Archive.org He joined the Bengal Army in 1849. He probably retired c late 1870s. He took part in the 2nd Burma War, the Indian Mutiny and the 2nd China War.
- The Recent Operations of the British Forces at Rangoon and Martaban by Rev Thomas Turner Baker, Chaplain and Naval Instructor of HMS Fox 1852 Google Books
- “The Burmese War 1852-1853” from History of the Indian navy. (1613-1863) Volume 2 by Charles Rathbone Low 1877 Archive.org
- "The Second War with Burmah 1852-53", page 292, Medals of the British Navy and how they were won by W.H. Long 1895 Archive.org
- The Golden Dagon, or, Up and down the Irrawaddi: being passages of adventure in the Burman Empire by John Williamson Palmer 1856 Google Books. The author was an American doctor, appointed, in Hong Kong, surgeon on the EIC war steamer Phlegethon (Bengal Marine), which took part in the War.
- "An Officer's Diary of a Two Months' Boat Expedition in Burmah" Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal 1861 Part 1 Part 1, page 239 Part 2, page 402. The author was a Medical Officer. Google Books
- Six months at Martaban, during the Burmese war; and An essay on the political causes which led to the establishment of British power in India by "an officer in active service on the spot" 1854 Google Books
- "A Naval Brigade In Burma in 1858" (scroll down) by W. B. R. The Naval Review May 1938 Vol XXVI no 2, pages 283-288. Now an archived webpage. The destination was the frontier post and Fort at Meaday, on the Irrawaddy.
- Britons at Bay: the Adventures of Two Midshipmen in the Second Burmese War by Henry Charles Moore 1900 Archive.org.