1st Gurkha Rifles

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Refer to general article Gurkha Rifles
Also known as The Malaun Regiment


  • 1815 raised as 1st Nasiri Battalion
  • 1824 renamed 5th Local Battalion
  • 1826 merged with 6th Local Battalion to become 4th Local Battalion
  • 1849 66th Bengal Native Infantry mutinied and was disbanded
  • 1850 took the title 66th (Goorkha Regiment) Bengal Native Infantry
  • 1861 renamed the 1st Goorkha Regiment
  • 1886 became the 1st Goorkha Light Infantry
  • 1891 became the 1st Gurkha (Rifle) Regiment
  • 1901 became the 1st Gurkha Rifles
  • 1903 renamed the 1st Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment)
  • 1906 renamed the 1st Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment)
  • 1910 renamed the 1st King George's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment)
  • 1937 became the 1st King George V's Own Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment)
  • 1947 allocated to India on Partition
  • 1950 became 1 Gorkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment)

External Links

  • Gorkha Regiments (India) Wikipedia
  • 1st Gurkha Rifles Wikipedia
  • 1st Gorkha Rifles from The Gurkhas by Mike Chappel & Martin Windrow
  • The Gurkha Rifles from The Gurkha Rifles by J B R Nicholson & Michael Rolfe
  • 1st Gurkha Rifles British Empire Website
  • WW2 Talk portal,
  • The Telegraph Obituary of Major-General Derek Horsford (1917-2007). He was commissioned into the 8th Gurkha Rifles and joined the 1st Battalion at Quetta in 1938, and was promoted to command the 4th Battalion 1st Gurkha Rifles in 1944 at Kohima in the Burma campaign.
  • Obituary: Major Rex Carr (1922-2013) 15 October 2013 The Telegraph. In 1944 he joined the 4th Battalion 1st King George V’s Own Gurkha Rifles (4/1 GR) and took part in the Battle of Kohima as a company commander. After Indian Independence he joined the 2nd Battalion 7th Gurkha Rifles (2/7 GR) and accompanied the battalion to Malaya. He was subsequently awarded two Military Crosses for operations in the Malayan jungle.
  • Two articles Partition, and Last Days of the Raj by Duncan Allan. Scroll down to the first article dated May 1, 2014. Scroll further down to the 2nd article dated September 17, 2012. The author was in the 2/1st Gurkha Rifles at the time of Partition and witnessed many dead bodies. Prior to this the regiment was part of the North West Frontier Reserve Brigade. He also mentions the regimental pipe band which played at weddings in Peshawar. Koi-Hai website.
  • "Museum that showcases heroic deeds of Gurkhas" by R D [probably Romesh Dutt] The Tribune Saturday, February 20, 1999. The Museum is located at Subathu and contains memorabilia of the Ist and the 4th Gurkha Rifles.

Historical books online

The Land Of The Gurkhas Or The Himalayan Kingdom Of Nepal by Major W Brook Northey, late 1st KGO Gurkha Rifles. Reprint edition, first published 1937. Archive.org. The author held the post of Recruiting Officer for five years, during which he was permitted to visit the interiors of Nepal that were out of bounds to other Europeans. Also available to download as a pdf from PAHAR-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset.
  • The Gurkhas Archive.org version, mirror from Digital Library of India. A regimental history. This appears to be a reprint edition, for which no author is given, and which advises first published 1960. However the final chapter refers to events in 1964. The most likely publication appears to be The Gurkhas by Harold James and Denis Sheil-Small published 1965, London.
The Gurkhas by James, 1965. Link to a pdf download, PAHAR Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset.