Khanki Barrage Railways

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Khanki Barrage Railways

The 'Khanki Barrage' was constructed from 1889 and completed in 1891, across the Chenab River. The barrage was built 16-Km downstream of Alexandra Railway Bridge with stone and rubble masonry [1]

Tne 'Khanki Headworks' is used for irrigation and flood control and to provide water to tributaries such as the Lower Chenab Canal which originates from Khanki Headworks. Khanki controls water distribution over 3 million acres (12,000 km²) of agricultural lands by one main distributary, the Lower Chenab Canal, and 59 minor distributaries [1].

The weir originally was a shuttered type weir comprising 8 spans of 500 ft each and was first one in Punjab which was built upon alluvial soil. The weir got repeatedly damaged in portions and had to be remodeled extensively during 1919-1920 and 1933-1935. Over the time the structure showed some serious engineering defects so after detailed analysis and research it was decided to build the whole barrage a new and demolish the previous one [1].


The following records show the use of railways for repairs and reconstruction [2].

  • 1911-15 Remedial Works - a 2ft/610mm narrow gauge(NG) locomotive was in use during the work to repair the cracks in the structure
  • 1928-29 - a locomotive shed was in use at the site. A
  • 1933-35 - fter flooding in the late 1920's and early 1930's reconstruction of a number of bays was required which commenced in 1933. A broad gauge(BG) line was used for moving cast concrete troughs from the casting site to the dam, rail bourne plie drivers were used.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wikipedia "Khanki Headworks"; Retrieved 27 Nov 2017
  2. “Industrial Railways and Locomotives of India and South Asia” compiled by Simon Darvill. Published by ‘The Industrial Railway Society’ 2013. ISBN 978 1 901556 82-7. Available at Reference: Entry PP08 page ....