Quetta earthquake

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The Quetta earthquake happened on 31 May 1935 and measured 7.7 on the Richter scale. An estimated 30,000 to 60,000 people died.


Quetta Bond

Quetta Bond is a technique developed after the Quetta earthquake, used in brick and other masonry buildings, where vertical reinforcement is used to improve horizontal and vertical bond between walls (see image)[1]. "The Quetta Bond is simply a slight variant of [the brick laying technique] 1½ Flemish Bond where the voids are filled with concrete and steel reinforcement bars rather than brick. It was almost certainly invented (if that is the right word) by Royal Engineers. The RE was heavily involved in the aftermath of the Quetta earthquake".[2]

External links

  • 1935 Quetta Earthquake Dawn
  • 1st Queen's at Quetta - The Earthquake queensroyalsurreys.org.uk
  • Down Memory Lane: Disaster at Quetta—The Great Earthquake of 1935 by Capt (Retd) A A Jilani. Extracts from the Royal Corps of Signals Journal UK. defencejournal.com, now an archived webpage.
  • The Quetta Earthquake Of 1935: The R.A.F.'s Account hibbitt.org.uk. Cyril Norman Ellen was the Squadron Leader of No. 5 (AC) Squadron, RAF which was based at Quetta when the disaster. His wife Ellen subsequently was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Silver Medal for her part in rescue operations. Includes a list of the casualties of No. 5 (AC) Squadron. With photographs.
  • Scroll down to an Account of the Quetta Earthquake by Mrs F Maddocks, whose husband Frank Maddocks was attached to the Indian Army Ordnance Corps. Originally appeared in the North Devon Journal under the title "Quetta, City Of Sorrow". The Journal date given appears incorrect-possibly it may be March 14th, 1936. Now an archived webpage.
  • "Quetta: When a city crumbled" qissa-khwani.com, now an archived webpage.
  • Images: Quetta earthquake 1935 including a map of “Disposition Of Troops for Rescue Work” 31 May 1935. Balochistan Archives, now an archived webpage. Click on photographs to enlarge.
  • "Come fly with me: Early days of the RAF in India" by Pat Ellingham March 22, 2019. bristolmuseums.org.uk. Information about the films made by Leonard de Ville Chisman late 1920s/1930s including on the North West Frontier. These films are in the Bristol Museums British Empire and Commonwealth Film collection/ Chisman (ref. 2006/005), (not currently available online). “The sequence documenting Quetta both before and after the great earthquake of 1935 are of particular interest.“

Historical books online

Probably the same publication Quetta Earthquake, 1935 Bureau of Public Information, Government of India, Delhi, 1935. Link to a pdf download Digital Repository of GIPE, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India
  • Seven Cantonments by Major SEG Ponder c 1938. Archive.org. The author was an Officer in the Royal Artillery, with a R A Mountain Battery unit, based on the North-West Frontier, including Peshawar, c 1930s. A section about Quetta commences page 151.


  1. "Earthquake Risk Profile Risk Reduction & Technical Capacity in the EAS Member Countries" by Sudhir K Jain. nidm.gov.in, now an archived webpage. Scroll down
  2. Guest, previously QGE. Quetta Bond/Rat Trap Bond: brick buildings-Help please Great War Forum 12 September 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2019.