Shanghai

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Shanghai
[[Image:
Pudong Waterfront, Shanghai
|250px| ]]
Presidency:
Coordinates: 31.202462°N, 121.49743°E
Altitude: 4 m (13 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Shanghai
State/Province: Shanghai Metropolitan Area
Country: China
Transport links

Shanghai, the largest centre of commerce and finance in China, is situated at the mouth of the Yangtse River. First opened as a treaty port following the 1st China War, it became a multinational business hub by the 1930s.

History

Capture of Shanghai 1842
Battle of Shanghai 1860

Records

  • China Families, previously called China Coast Family History, and part of the Chinese Maritime Customs project, University of Bristol. The website provides "a growing body of information about men and women of many different nationalities, professions and ages, who lived and worked in China between the 1850s and 1940s. These records have been drawn from government department lists, legal and diplomatic records, cemetery lists, and during research undertaken for a number of projects on the history of modern China and of the foreign relations of China". There is a Search facility and links to a number of online Directories. Look under Records for the databases specifically about Shanghai, including Municipal Policeman and Shanghai’s refugees, 1944.
  • The FamilySearch Catalog for microfilm/digitised microfilm records includes "Cemetery records of old and new cemetery, 1859-1899 and Seaman's cemetery, Pootung, in Shanghai, China, 1859-1879" catalogue entry microfilm 418134 which has been digitised and may be viewed at a FamilySearch Centre.
  • Guide to the Scholarly Resources Microfilm Edition of the Shanghai Municipal Police Files 1894-1949 library.uoregon.edu
The SMP files represent a large portion of the archives of the British-run municipal police force based in Shanghai's former International Settlement. This force was established shortly after the formation in 1854 of the settlement's presiding body, the Shanghai Municipal Council. The files are, for the most part, the records of the SMP Special Branch, which investigated and reported on alleged subversive activities and maintained peace and stability in the International Settlement. The time period covered by the SMP files extends from 1894 to 1949, The collection is housed [at the time of the guide] in the Military Archives Division of the National Archives, Washington, DC.

Also see

Information about the English language Chinese newspaper database ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Chinese Newspapers Collection; databases for The North-China Herald and North China Daily News published in Shanghai. A few examples are available, see Historical books online, below.

Military

  • For a British Army overview, see China.

Shanghai Volunteer Corps

A reserve force in time of emergency in the International Settlement. By the 1930s, the Volunteers were a truly international force, with American, English, Scottish, Chinese, Italian, Jewish, Portuguese, Filipino and White Russian units. C 1937 it consisted of one professional battalion of young White Russians, superbly disciplined and impeccably turned out in British Army uniforms. The other companies were manned by volunteers from the civilian population. There was 'A' Company formed by Britons of pure-white descent. 'B' Company contained Eurasians. 'C' Company was the Chinese unit.[1]

Regimental histories

  • Eighty Five Years of the Shanghai Volunteer Corps by I I Kounin, published Shanghai c 1938. Available at the Imperial War Museums, catalogue number LBY 96 / 1685
  • Article: "Notes On The Shanghai Volunteer Corps" by A. McKenzie Annand Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research Vol. 53, No. 214 (Summer 1975), pp. 98-102.

Shanghai Defence Force

The Shanghai Defence Force was a tri-service military formation established by the British Government to protect European nationals and their property in Shanghai from Chinese nationalist forces during a period of tension in 1927.

National Archives catalogue reference Despatch of Shanghai Defence Force to Shanghai in 1927. FO 371/63436

External links

See Hong Kong for more details of The Breach in the Wall: A Memoir of Old China by Enid Saunders Candlin (born in Shanghai, daughter of a tea merchant) 1973 UIN: BLL01000594031

Historical books online

1923 edition includes as "Part II": The Unexpurgated Diary of a Shanghai Baby, from page 209. Also see next item. Archive.org
  • Empire of the Sun by J G Ballard, first published 1984. Book File 1 1994 reprint, Book file 2 1985 reprint. Archive.org Lending Library. A novel based on the author’s experiences in Shanghai during the Second World War, including internment from 1942 to 1945.

References

  1. "Shanghai Volunteer Corps" talesofoldchina.com, now archived, quoting an excerpt from Sin City, by Ralph Shaw, 1976, originally published in the UK as Sweet and Sour 1973, published in USA as China Nights 1974. 1976 edition is available at the British Library UIN: BLL01012684846 . Ralph Shaw was sent to Shanghai as part of the UK military force, then became journalist then night editor, of the North China Daily News, see Sin City shanghailander.net.
  2. "Jazz Bandleader Whitey Smith, “The Man Who Taught China to Dance” in Shanghai, 1920s-1930s" shanghaisojourns.net
  3. The Unexpurgated Diary of a Shanghai Baby shanghailander.net
  4. Page from Empire Made Me: An Englishman Adrift in Shanghai by Robert Bickers 2004 Google Books
  5. See article "From 'Hunting Opium and Other Scents'..." by Hugo Restall, in External links , above.
  6. Books of the Week: Morning Tribune, 28 January 1937, Page 16 nlb.gov.sg