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Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 22.566667°N 95.7°E
Altitude: 89 m (292 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Shwebo
State/Province: Sagaing Region
Country: Burma
Transport links
Burma Railway

Shwebo was the headquarters of the District of the same name in Upper Burma during the British period. It is located on the Sagaing-Myitkyina railway, about sixty five miles north west from Mandalay between the Irrawaddy and Mu rivers, 16½ miles west of Kyaukmyaung on the Irrawaddy. There was a cantonment, established in 1888, located to the north-east of the town on high ground.

The stone S.P.G. church was situated in the north-west.corner of the town, and the Roman Catholic church in the south-east corner.

During the First World War, there was a camp for Turkish Prisoners of War.


  • St Luke’s Shwebo 1887.[1] Church of England.
  • All Saints SPG Mission Church. Church of England. A stone church, probably constructed after 1899, following a fire which deserted almost all the mission buildings.[2]

Also see

Volunteer Regiment

Shwebo was the head-quarters of a company of the Upper Burma Volunteer Rifles, drawn from the Shwebo, Katha, Bhamo, and Myitkyina Districts. [3]

External links

Sketch Map of Cantonment, Shwebo, Burma, 1906 from Photo Gallery: Accommodation for Soldiers and Officers. King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, Lancaster

Historical books online

  • "Shwebo District" Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 22, page 311.
  • "Shwebo Town" Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 22, page 322
  • Burma Gazetteer: District Series. Shwebo District Vol A 1929., mirror from Digital Library of India. A transcribed edition of a volume c 1924 is available from
  • "Shwebo" page 326 Wanderings in Burma by George W Bird 1897. Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University.
  • "Camp for convalescents at Shwebo (Burma)" [for Turkish Prisoners of War, WW1], page 57 Reports on British prison-camps in India and Burma, visited by the International Red Cross Committee in February, March and April, 1917


  1. Page 87 Wanderings in Burma by George W Bird 1897. Southeast Asia Visions, Cornell University
  2. Page 132 Christian Missions in Burma by W C B Purser, Missionary of Kemendine, Rangoon 1911
  3. Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 22, page 321
  4. Felice Beato: A Photographer on the Eastern Road, photograph 114, exhibition at the J Paul Getty Museum