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Search the [https://familysearch.org/catalog/search FamilySearch Library Catalogue] using keywords India Office Marine Department. ([[FamilySearch Centres#Ordering microfilms|Ordering microfilms]]) *[http://books.google.com/books?id=aaoBAAAAYAAJ&printsec=titlepage&dq=collett+bombay&as_brr=1 ''A Register of Ships, Employed in the Service of the Honorable the United East India Company 1760-1810''] by Charles Hardy and Horatio Charles Hardy 1811 Google Books*[https://archive.org/stream/mastermarinerbei00eastiala ''A Master Mariner. Being the Life and Adventures of Captain Robert William Eastwick''] edited by Herbert Compton. 1891 Archive.org. Final pages 331-351 appear to be missing to read online but are available in the [https://archive.org/stream/mastermarinerbei00eastiala/mastermarinerbei00eastiala_djvu.txt text (and perhaps other) versions]. Captain Eastwick was born 1772. He arrived in Bombay in June 1792 and shortly afterwards joined a ship engaged in the 'country trade', and later owned his own ships. He last sailed c 1825 and wrote his autobiography c 1836. *''The India Directory: or, Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the Interjacent Ports of Africa and South America'' by James Horsburgh Sixth Edition 1852 Google Books [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=gCk6YV5AslIC&pg=PP7 Volume 1], [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=faCjf8FPR14C&pg=PR3 Volume 2]
→Historical books online
http:// shop.fibis.org/ ?wpsc- product=bkf-0003-an-introduction-to-british-ships-in-indian-waters-their-owners-crew-passengers ''FIBIS Research Guide No. 2 An Introduction to British Ships in Indian Waters : Their Owners, Crew and Passengers''] by Richard Morgan with a Foreword by Lawrie Butler, 68 pages, published 2012, with Bibliography and Index
*Part I – the East India Company’s Maritime Service
*Part II – Country Ships
*Appendix 1: Summary of information on Free Mariners and Passengers in Directories
*Appendix 2: The Indian Marine Service in the IOR L/F/10 and other Series.
Available from the [
http:// shop.fibis.org/ ?wpsc- product=bkf-0003-an-introduction-to-british-ships-in-indian-waters-their-owners-crew-passengers FIBIS Shop]
For updates to the first edition, see [[British Ships in Indian Waters]].
==Records at the British Library==
*'''IOR/L/MAR''' Marine Department Records.
There are three main series: L/MAR/A Ships' Journals 1605-1705; L/MAR/B Ships' Journals 1702-1856; L/MAR/C Marine Miscellaneous Records 1600-1879.
===British Library records on findmypast===
The India Office Records on the pay site [[Findmypast|findmypast]] are
===British Library records on FamilySearch (LDS) microfilms===
==Malim Sahib's Hindustani==
A Malim Sahib was a ship’s officer. There was a specialised nautical, bazaar baht or bat, vocabulary spoken by Indian crews.
A dictionary was published in 1920, ''The Malim Sahib's Hindustani'' <ref>''The Malim Sahib's Hindustani: for use both ashore and afloat in connection with Lascars and all other low-caste natives of India who speak the bazaar "bat”'' by C T Willson, Bombay Pilot Service. “For ship's officers who wish to acquire a working knowledge of low Hindustani spoken by native crews, coolies, servants and longstoreman generally. All nautical terms and words in common use both ashore and afloat are included"</ref>, which became a required text book for all Cadets, Officers, Radio Officers and Engineers, on joining the British India Steam Navigation Company.<ref>Feltham, John. [
http:// archiver.rootsweb .ancestry.com/ th/ read/ INDIA/ 2002-10/ 1035457929 Sea Cunny] ''Rootsweb India Mailing List'' 24 October 2002. Retrieved 4 December 2015</ref> The language was a mixture of
Hindustani-Gujarati-Marathi-Konkani (Ratnagiri), a little Urdu..... a pot pourri of words, but simple and effective.<ref name= Malim>"The Maalim Saabs Hindustani" [http://trsearecalls.blogspot.com/2013/11/the-maalim-saabs-hindustani-part-1.html Part 1], [http://trsearecalls.blogspot.com/2013/11/the-malim-sahibs-hindustani-part-2.html Part 2] Mariner’s Nostalgia website. Mandatory for British Officers on B I Ships.</ref> The vocabulary was considered similar to a dialect, in that a European who had learnt this vocabulary was said to speak Malim Sahib's (Sahibs) Hindustani.
The officers' titles were: Captain - Captain sahib; C/O - Burra malim sahib;
2/O - Majla Malim sahib; 3/O - Sajla Malim sahib; 4/O - or other Junior - Chota malim sahib.<ref name=Malim/>
== External links ==
http:// www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/india/indiaofficerecordsfamilyhistory/occupations/maritimeservice/maritime.html The British Library IOR Maritime Service page]. **There is a set of records called Ships' Journals '''IOR/L/MAR/A-B''' 1605-1856. [http://discovery.nationalarchives. gov. uk/details/rd/937f93cc-ccf5-4c31-951c-af92be35ea66 Read] about these records . The various ships are listed alphabetically, following the order in ''Catalogue of East India Company Ships ' Journals and Logs 1600-1834'' by Anthony J.Farrington (London, 1999).<br>Browse the ships names (Discovery catalogue): [http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/937f93cc-ccf5-4c31-951c-af92be35ea66?src=5&sK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%231 A - Darling], [http://discovery. nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/91126cee-61bd-4e2d-89c1-00ea51f34f20?src=6&cK=!&sUp=false&sK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23320 Dart - Halifax (1)], [ http:// discovery.nationalarchives. gov. uk/ browse/ r/4a0ce5ff-4720-488a-bc31-d5314830ecdd?src=6&cK=!&sUp=false&sK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23610 Halifax (2) - Madras Merchant (2)], [http://discovery. nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/9206c02b- d6b5-4201-95ea-30924a6b9a0e? src=6&cK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%235633&sUp=false&sK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23871 Maitland - Samuel (3)] , [http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/browse/r/96bf69cb-d316-4b68-b1eb-32db277911e9?src=6&cK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%238098&sUp=false&sK=%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%23%231219 Samuel and Anna -Z plus extra ships names from 1834]. **A description of [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=059-iorlmar_5&cid=1-2#1-2 Marine Miscellaneous Records ''' IOR/L/MAR/C''' ] 1600-1879.(Discovery) "The collection is in process of re-arrangement and listing in separate series L/ MAR/ 1-9 according to type and provenance". Included in these records are "personnel records of the Company's maritime service (at all levels of employment, but including particularly the appointment and services of commanders and mates of East Indiamen), the Bombay Marine, the Indian Navy, and the Bengal Pilot Service" but no further details are given. **For microfilms available in the LDS (Mormon) library catalogue, see '''[[IOR Marine records on LDS films]]''' *[http:// www.eicships.info/ index.html Andrea Cordani's EIC Ships website] which includes a [http://www.eicships.info/ help/shiprole.html glossary of Ship roles] defining terms such as 'Regular Ship' , 'Extra Ship' and 'Country Ship. '
*[http://vimeo.com/43884291 East-India Company ship routes 1798-1834] by Philip Brohan. Video. Vimeo.com. Retrieved 16 October 2014.The dates of the voyages are shown in the bottom left hand corner of the video screen, and may at times be obscured by the toolbar. Move the computer's mouse from the toolbar to below the video screen to reveal. The video indicates the seasonal variations in the ships' voyages.
*National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
**[http://www.nmm.ac.uk/researchers/library/research-guides/ National Maritime Museum Research Guides]
**[http://blogs.rmg.co.uk/memorials/ Maritime Memorials] in respect of ships’ crews’ deaths. Search for entries for India, Burma, Burmah and Myanmar, Ceylon and Sri Lanka, and other countries such as China, Singapore etc. (Entries for Karachi were classified as India)
.<ref> Some entries are listed in the India List post [ http:// archiver.rootsweb .ancestry.com/ th/ read/india/ 2014-01/ 1388885968 Maritime cemetery entries from National Maritime Museum website]. The correct [http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year ''Notes and Queries''] reference for the Karachi burials mentioned is either Vol 170/171 1936 or Vol 176 1939.</ref>, or search by name. An associated National Maritime Museum website.
**[http://1915crewlists.rmg.co.uk Crew Lists of the British Merchant Navy-1915] National Maritime Museum. The crews originated from all over the world and on some vessels the British nationals were in a minority
*See the Fibiwiki page [[Ireland]] for Irish Crew Lists 1863-1921. Crews could originate from all over the world.
*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/index.htm British Maritime History - Realistic genealogical guides to surviving records and more], Len Barnett’s site, has sections on:
:*[http://www.barnettmaritime.co.uk/mainheic.htm EIC]- A realistic guide to what is available to those looking into the careers of seagoing servants (1600-1834)
*[http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/EastIndiaResearch.html East India Company Mariners] including information on the Society of East India Commanders and a list of Commanders from 1828 from [http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/index-2.html Mariners - Researching the mariners and ships of the merchant marine and the world's navies]. This website also contains the [http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/MarinersList.html Mariners Mailing List], [http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/search Search the Mariners Mailing List Archives]; [http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/IBON-INDEX.html Index of Ships' Official Numbers below 99,999], [http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/ON1.htm Official Numbers: Ships over 300 g.t. built 1876 – 1949]
*[http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/EICintro.htm Merchant Vessels in the Service of the East India Company, 1601-1832] on the Mariners website. Lists ship details.
*Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement' by Chris
Wood dated 30 August 2013<ref>India-British-Raj List post [ http:// archiver.rootsweb .ancestry.com/ th/ read/ INDIA- BRITISH- RAJ/ 2013-08/ 1377845411 Maritime Resources 'Articles of Agreement'] by Chris Wood dated 30 August 2013</ref>
*[http://www.simonkidner.co.uk/sesostris/sesostris.html A Journal of a voyage to the Cape of Good Hope and Bombay in the Ship Sesostris by James Smith, 1829-1831]
*[http://quivis.co.uk/dum/index.html Arthur David Linklater, Master Mariner] - Duncan Linklater's excellent site contains information on shipping and navigation in the early twentieth century, including details of Linklater's employment by the British India Steam Navigation Company, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Calcutta Port Commission. It is located in the section of the [http://quivis.co.uk/ Quivis] site called Dum. With scans and transcripts of original documents and many pages containing facts useful to those with an ancestor in sailing and shipping, exploring the site is recommended (note also the [http://quivis.co.uk/dum/biog-contents.html biographical section contents page]).
*[http://sayeedsjournal.wordpress.com/chapter-24-working-along-mighty-rivers-of-the-east/ Chapter 24: "Working Along Mighty Rivers of the East"] from his autobiography ''Lest I Forget'' by Khwaja Sayeed Shahabuddin (born 1923). Mentions the "India General Navigation Company Limited (an English company) and River Steamers Navigation Company Limited (a Scottish company). Originally competitors, they later merged to become known as the Joint Steamer Companies and together played a vital role in the development of inland water transport in Bengal and Assam.” The author joined I.G.N. Company, the British Inland Water Transport Company, in 1947. [http://sayeedsjournal.wordpress.com/chapter-26-working-with-the-joint-steamer-companies/ Chapter 26: "Working with the Joint Steamer Companies"]
*[http://www.biship.com/history.htm A Short History of British India Steam Navigation 1856-1956] from B I Ship. Contains details of the establishment of The Calcutta & Burmah Steam Navigation Co Ltd which became the British India Steam Navigation Co.
:[http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/bisn.html British India Steam Navigation Company] from the Ships’ List:
A History of the British India Steam Navigation Company Limited [ http:// docs. google. com/ viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.rakaia.co.uk%2Fdownloads%2Fbritish-india-history.pdf html version], [http://www.rakaia.co.uk/downloads/british-india-history.pdf pdf] rakaia.co.uk. Includes a list of ships, with details.
:[https://web.archive.org/web/20110706043823/http://www.merchantnavyofficers.com/CHOTASAHIB.html ‘Chota Sahib’] by Captain John de Barr. The Coast Men of British India’s fleet. In BI the Coast referred to the Coast of India. merchantnavyofficers.com, now archived.
*[http://www.poheritage.com P&O Heritage] includes History of Shipping Companies such British India Steam Navigation Company (‘History’ tab); Research Guides and Ship Images and Fact Sheets ( ‘Archive’ tab)
*[http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/asiatic.htm Asiatic Steam Navigation Company] from the Ships’ List.
*The occupation of Master Attendant, equivalent to Harbour Master.<ref>India List [
http:// archiver.rootsweb .ancestry.com/ th/ read/ INDIA/ 2010-07/ 1279878133 thread]</ref> Initially it appears these men were part of EIC Marine, and later the [[Indian Navy|Royal Indian Marine]]
*[http://www.mmd.gov.in/history.html History of Development of Maritime Regulations/Acts and Changing body of Controlling Authorities] Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai
*[http://www.shippingwondersoftheworld.com/troopships.html "Troopships and Trooping"] Transcript of an article from ''Shipping Wonders of the World'', part 39, published 3 November 1936. Includes troopships to India.
:The [[Trooping season|trooping season]] between India and the United Kingdom lasted for about seven months each year. The gap, April-October/November in India was the same each year – to avoid the worst of the heat in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
*[https://www.mun.ca/mha/mlc/seafarers/lascars/index.php Lascars] Maritime History Archive.
====Historical books online====
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=y0gSAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA1 "Return to an order of the Honourable House of Commons, dated 26 June 1833 for: Lists of all pensions granted by the Company to Commanders, Officers, Seamen, Widows and Orphans, of the East India Company’s Commercial Marine Service. since the year 1793 to the present time; specifying the grounds upon which such pension was granted, the amount of each, and the source whence the pensions are derived"]. ''House of Commons Accounts and Papers: Session 29 January-29 August 1833 Volume XXVI'' Google Books
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=1vwHAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP5 ''Journal or Narrative of the Boscawen's Voyage to Bombay 1749, by a young gentleman''] Google Books
*[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=mPURAAAAYAAJ&pg=PP11 ''Journal of a Voyage Performed in the Lion Extra Indiaman, from Madras to Columbo and Da Lagoa Bay ... in the Year 1798''] by William White, Captain, [[73rd Regiment of Foot|73rd Highland Regiment of Foot]]. 1800 Google Books
**[https://archive.org/stream/mastermarinerbei00eastiala#page/40/mode/2up HEIC practices c 1791], page 41
**[https://archive.org/stream/mastermarinerbei00eastiala#page/58/mode/2up "Chapter II"], page 59 The author joined in 1792 the Honorable East India Company, and shortly after "the country service in a merchant ship".
*[http://access.bl.uk/item/viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_0000000530C4#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=10&z=-145.2574%2C0%2C3266.5147%2C2385''Narrative of a Late Steam Voyage from England to India via the Mediteranean. (Part II. Account of a Late Palankeen Trip from Bombay to Mhow and Lahore)''] by Captain T Seymour Burt 1840. British Library Digital Collection. The voyage took place from October 1837
. via Suez.
*''Volume I, Part II The Bengal and Agra Annual Guide and Gazetteer for 1842'' Google Books
**[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=LNEQCLbWoP4C&pg=RA1-PA21 "Vessels attached to the Bengal Presidency"], page 21. Includes Steam Vessels, and Iron Steam Vessels appropriated to Inland Navigation, the latter consisting of Steamers, Accomodation Boats and Cargo Boats.
**[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=LNEQCLbWoP4C&pg=RA1-PA26 "Inland Steam Traveller’s Guide"] page 26
*[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=Bgk8AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA381 "On the Advantages of Extending Inland Steam Navigation in India"] page 381 ''The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 1843''. Mentions steam boats "belonging to the Bengal Government"
*[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=_StDAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA390 "Appendix in respect of War Steamers, also called Sea Steamers, belonging to the Presidency of Bengal, for a ten year period from 1841"] page 390 ''First Report from the Select Committee on Indian Territories'' May 1853 Google Books. Same [http://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc2.ark:/13960/t9280m73p?urlappend=%3Bseq=400 page 390, Hathi Trust] where the pages may be rotated.
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=CIUoAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR3 ''The Golden Dagon, or, Up and Down the Irrawaddi: being Passages of Adventure in the Burman Empire''] by John Williamson Palmer 1856 Google Books. The author was an American doctor, appointed, in Hong Kong, surgeon on the EIC war steamer Phlegethon ('''Bengal Marine''') which took part in the [[2nd Burma War]], 1852-1853
*[http://hdl.handle.net/10973/22217''Commerce by river in the Punjab (1861-62 to 1871-72) or a Survey of the Marine Department of the Government of the Punjab''] by Faqir Chand Arrora 1930. GIPE Pune
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=lnMIAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP3 ''On the preservation of the health of seamen, especially of those frequenting Calcutta and the other Indian ports''] by Norman Chevers MD, Surgeon, Bengal Army 1864 Google Books
books. google.com.au/ books?id=JG0DAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA1 ''Practical sailing directions and coasting guide from the Sand Heads to Rangoon, Maulmain, Akyab, and vice versa. To which is added, Directions for the entire Bay of Bengal and Straits of Malacca''] by N Heckford Sixth Edition, Enlarged and Improved 1871 Google Books *[http://access.bl.uk/ item/ viewer/ ark:/81055/vdc_000000034530 '' A Handbook of Directions to the Ports in the Presidency of Madras and Ceylon''] by T. E. Marshall, First Assistant Master Attendant, Madras. 1874. British Library Digital Collection.:[ http:// access. bl.uk/ item/ viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_000000035E32 '' A Handbook to the Ports on the Coast of India between Calcutta and Bombay, including the Island of Ceylon''] by Herbert Samuel Brown, Lieutenant, R .N .R. , Port and Customs Officer, Mangalore. 1897. British Library Digital Collection.*[https://archive.org/details/ oldcountrytradeo00coatrich ''The Old 'Country Trade' of the East Indies''] by William Herbert Coates, Comm. R N R (retired) 1911 Archive.org
*[http://www.archive.org/stream/oldeastindiamen00chatiala#page/n7/mode/2up ''The Old East Indiamen''] by E. Keble Chatterton, 1914 Archive.org
http:// www. new.dli. ernet. in/handle/2015/499255 ''East Indiamen: The East India Company’s Maritime Service''] by Sir Evan Cotton. Edited by Sir C. G. H. Fawcett. 1949. Pdf download, Digital Library of India.*[http://archive.org/stream/merchantadventu00hookgoog#page/n8/mode/2up ''Merchant Adventurers, 1914-1918''] by F. A. Hook 1920 Archive.org. A "compilation of the war records of the P. and O., British India and associated lines." Unfortunately the file is lacking the illustrations which should be in the book. [http://access.bl.uk/item/viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_100000058408.0x000002 British Library digital file], with illustrations. A different digital file: [http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/handle/2015/523452 Pdf download], Digital Library of India.
*[https://archive.org/details/blackwallfrigates00lubb ''The Blackwall Frigates''] by Basil Lubbock 1922 Archive.org. The Blackwall frigates formed a link betrween the the East Indiaman of the Honourable East India Company and the P&O and Orient liners
*[https://archive.org/stream/reminiscencesofb00downiala#page/100/mode/2up ''Reminiscences of a Blackwall Midshipman''] by W I Downie 1912 Archive.org. Page 100 commences a section on India and Indian waters. The author was born c 1848 , so was probably writing of the 1860s
*[https://archive.org/stream/inlandnavigation032298mbp#page/n37/mode/2up Chapter III: "History and Reasons for Decline of Gangetic Navigation"] page 27 ''Inland Navigation On The Gangetic Rivers'' by J Johnston, ICS 1947 Archive.org
*''The China Sea Directory'' by the Hydrographic Office, Admiralty, London.**''The China Sea Directory Volume I. Containing directions for the approaches to the China Sea and to Singapore, by the straits of Sunda, Banka, Gaspar, Carimata, Rhio, Varella, Durian, and Singapore'' by J. W. Reed , R N and J. W. King, R N. [https://books.google.com.au/books?id=nP4GAAAAQAAJ&pg=PR1 1867] Google Books. [https://archive.org/details/cu31924071164960 3rd edition 1886] Archive.org.**[http://access.bl.uk/item/viewer/ark:/81055/vdc_000000034776 ''The China Sea Directory Volume II. Containing directions for the navigation of the China Sea, between Singapore and Hong Kong''] by J. W. Reed , R N and J. W. King, R N. 1868. British Library Digital Collection. **''China Sea Directory Volume III. The Coasts of China from Hong Kong to the Korea etc'' Edited by Captain Charles J Bulloch, RN. [https://archive.org/details/chinaseadirecto00offigoog 1874] Archive.org. [https://archive.org/details/cu31924071164986 2nd edition 1884] Archive.org**''China Sea Directory Volume IV. Japan Islands etc'' by F W Jarrad, R N.[https://archive.org/details/chinaseadirecto00deptgoog 1873] Archive.org. [https://archive.org/details/cu31924071164994 2nd edition 1884] Archive.org*[https://archive.org/details/directoryfornavi00find ''A
directory for the navigation of the Indian Archipelago, China, and Japan, from the straits of Malacca and Sunda, and the passages east of Java. To Canton, Shanghai, the Yellow Sea, and Japan, with descriptions of the winds, monsoons, and currents, and general instructions for the various channels, harbours, etc''] by Alexander George Findlay 2nd edition 1878 Archive.org.
== References ==