Naini Tal

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Naini Tal
The Naina Devi Temple and Mosque with lake, Nainital.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 29.38°N, 79.45°E
Altitude: 2,084 m (6,837 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Nainital
State/Province: Uttarakhand
Country: India
Transport links
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
[xxxxx Naini Tal]

Naini Tal, a hill station in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas, was the headquarters of Naini Tal District in the Kumaon Division of United Provinces during the British period. A cantonment was located there.


Spelling Variants

Modern name: Nainital
Variants: Nynee Tal/Naini Tal

Surrounding area

Bhim Tal, modern name Bhimtal (Wikipedia) is situated 22 kilometres from Naini Tal. It was the location of a Boer prisoner of war camp , established in 1902 at the north end of the lake, according to this link[1]

Approximately 65 kilometres (40 miles) from Nainital is the Jim Corbett National Park.

Muktesar, (Muktsar, Mukstar), modern name Mukteshwar (Wikipedia), 51 km from Naini Tal, was the location of the Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory, which investigated diseases of stock in India. It subsequently became the Indian Veterinary Research Institute and remains the hill campus of that institution. It was also a tourist destination.

FIBIS Resources


Naini Tal Diocesan Boys' School

Oak Openings Boys High School was renamed in 1889, when it was relocated from a previous site. Jim Corbett of Jim Corbett National Park fame attended this school. In 1905 the Philander Smith Institute of Mussoorie, founded by a Mrs. Smith, widow of Mr. Philander Smith of Illinois was moved to Nainital and "amalgamated" with the Oak Openings Boys’ High School and the result was the Philander Smith College [2].

"In the latter half of the 19th century, a number of “European” schools were founded in Nainital for British boys and girls. By 1906, there were over half a dozen such schools, including the Diocesan Boys’ School (later renamed Sherwood College) under the guidance of the Church of England; Philander Smith’s College (now Birla Vidya Mandir), maintained by an American; St. Joseph’s College, a Roman Catholic institution; Wellesley School, an American institution; St. Mary’s Convent High School, a Roman Catholic institution; All Saints Diocesan High School for Girls, under the Church of England, and Petersfield College for Girls. In the 1920s and 30s, the schools began to admit more Indian students."[3]

The Philander Smith College disappears from the scene in the early forties, probably due to the Second World War. The deserted campus of the college was now to be occupied by the short lived Hallet War School of the early forties named after the last Governor of the then United Province. [2]


  • St John in the Wilderness (established 1884)


  • St John in the Wilderness (1845-1928) ( Some information can be found in BACSA file British Library ref MSS Eur F370/603)
    • Victims of the 1880 Landslip Burials at St John in the Wilderness -page 211 List of inscriptions on Christian tombs and tablets of historical interest in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh by E A H Blunt ICS 1911
  • Pines Cemetery
Some information on the following three cemeteries can be found in BACSA file in the British Library (ref Mss Eur F370/604)
  • Haldwani Cemetery (Muslim Graveyard)
  • Kaladungi Cemetery. Some graves here date back to 1870s [4].
  • Methodist Cemetery (Ayarpatta)

Volunteer Regiment

External links

Naini Tal Brewery Camp

Historical books online

  • "Naini Tal Town" Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 18, page 333.
  • "Map of Naini Tal", between pages 282 and 283, A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon published by John Murray, London Eighth Edition 1911
  • "Naini Tal in the Days of the Company" page 240 Bygone Days in India by Douglas Dewar 1922.
  • "Nynee Tal" from "A Sketch of the Physical and Topographical Characters and Other Relations of the Hill Sanitaria of Darjeeling, Nynee Tal, Landour and Murree, in the Bengal Presidency", page 307 Army Medical Department: Report for the Year 1862 Google Books
  • "Nynee Tal" page 376 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864
  • From the Himalayas to the Equator; letters, sketches. and addresses, giving some account of a tour in India and Malaysia by Cyrus D Foss , one of the Bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 1899 With images. FamilySearch Digital book, where the images have been [correctly] rotated. May be slow to load. Includes Naini Tal.
  • A Guide to Naini Tal and Kumaun by C W Murphy 1906 is is available to download as a pdf from Pahar-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset, located under Books, Indian Subcontinent, 1906.
  • Naini Tal : a historical and descriptive account, 1927, published 1928, is available to download as two different pdfs from Pahar-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset, located under Books, Indian Subcontinent, 1927 and 1928.They are cataloged as 1927 Nainital--a historical and descriptive account by Clay and 1928 Naini Tal--a historical and descriptive account by Clay. It appears the author is considered to be J M Clay.
  • My India by Jim Corbett originally published 1952 Includes some descriptions of Naini Tal. For more books by Jim Corbett, see Kumaon
  • The Himalayan Districts of the North Western Provinces of India Volumes I, II and III by Edwin T Atkinson published 1882, 1884, 1886 as Volumes X, XI, XII of Statistical, descriptive and historical account of the North-Western Provinces of India Volume I/Volume X, Volume II/Volume XI,Volume III/Volume XII Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
    • The Himalayan Gazetteer or the Himalayan Districts of the North Western Provinces of India by Edwin T Atkinson in 3 Volumes (6 Parts) is available, in a reprint edition. Covers the regions of Kumaon and Garhwal. This area is now the state of Uttarakhand. Volume 1, part 1 Contents digital page 12; Volume 1, part 2 Contents dp 12, Index dp 536; Volume 2, part 1 Contents dp18; Volume 2, part 2 Contents dp 16 Index dp 458, includes History of the British in the area; Volume 3, part 1 Contents dp 10 Place names A-J; Volume 3, part 2 Contents dp 8 Place names K-Z. Vol. 1, Part 1 (handle/2015/95851); Vol. 1, Part 2 (handle/2015/97345); Vol. 2, Part 1 (handle/2015/95852); Vol. 2, Part 2 (handle/2015/96527); Vol. 3, Part 1 (handle/2015/95853); Vol. 3, Part 2 (handle/2015/95854). Additional files are available for Volume 3.
    Originally from the Digital Library of India. with mirror versions on for Himalayan Gazetteer. If you have problems locating the above volumes, use the final number as a search term, example 2015.95851
  • District Gazetteers of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh: Volume 34: Nainital 1904 may be downloaded as a pdf from Bhagirathi - The Institute Repository of IIT Roorkee
  • Naini Tal landslip page 72 The diary of a civilian's wife in India, 1877-1882 
by Mrs. Robert Moss King 1884
  • Naini Tal landslip page 3 The Scientific proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society New Series Volume IV 1885
  • 'Sick Leave: a Search for Health" by Captain J. C. Burns Journal of the Royal Army Army Medical Corps 1923;41:1 pages 55-63. The first part of the article describes Naini Tal.
  • A description of the Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory, Muktesar : its work and products by Major JDE Holmes 1913. Investigation of the diseases of stock in India.


  1. Page 78 Hill resorts of U.P. Himalaya,: a geographical study by Nutan Tyagi 1991 Google Books
  2. 2.0 2.1 Birla Vidyamandir School: History
  3. History of Naini Tal
  4. Long Vanessa Kaladungi Cemetery rootsweb Mailing List 1998. Retrieved August 2014