A hill station is a high-altitude town used as a place of refuge from the summer heat. Prevalent in South Asia, they are to be found throughout Southeast Asia. Hill stations are largely identified with European colonialists but the origins of many go back much further in time. Hill stations were often the summer capitals of their state, province or region; by and large the coming of air-conditioning has made this role redundant but many towns remain popular tourist destinations.
Hill stations were to be found throughout British India. Queen of them all was Simla, the summer capital of the British Raj, but its ascendancy only dated from 1911 when Delhi became the Imperial capital. Each Presidency capital had its own hill station retreat: Bengal (Calcutta) went to Darjeeling, Bombay to Matheran and Madras to Ootacamund.
See the Wikipedia link below for more information about hill stations in Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
See the Wikipedia link below for more information about hill stations in Malaysia.
- "Hill station", Wikipedia.
- "List of Indian hill stations", Wikipedia.
- "Category: Indian hill stations", Wikipedia.
- "Category: Hill stations in Pakistan", Wikipedia.
- "Category: Hill stations in Burma", Wikipedia.
- "Category: Hill stations in Sri Lanka", Wikipedia.
- "Category: Hill stations in Malaysia", Wikipedia.
- Picturing Mountains As Hills - Hill Station Postcards and the Tales They Tell by Shashwati Talukda
- 1909 Map of Simla Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 26, Atlas 1909 edition, page 61.
- 1931 Map of Simla Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 26, Atlas 1931 edition, page 63.
- "List of Maps and Plans", page xi A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon published by John Murray, London Eighth Edition 1911 Archive.org including maps of the smaller hill stations of
- Ootacamund between pages 412 and 413
- Matheran between pages 336 and 337,
- Princely State
- Srinagar and Environs, between pages 252 and 253
- Kennedy, Dane. The Magic Mountains: Hill Stations and the British Raj (full text, searchable). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. ISBN 0520201884. ISBN 978-0520201880
- Mirror version Archive.org.