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Simla viceregal lodge.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 31.137603°N 77.128143°E
Altitude: 2,900 m (9,514 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Shimla
State/Province: Himachal Pradesh
Country: India
Transport links
Kalka-Simla Railway
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period

Simla was the headquarters of Simla District in the Delhi Division of Punjab Province during the British period. It was the hill station linked with Delhi and the summer retreat of the Viceroy from 1864. In the centre of Simla is the large open space known as The Ridge. The colonial-era architecture in the town is notable for its mock Tudor style.

The current name is Shimla.

Kaithu near Simla, was a small community c early 1930s, but included a small Bazaar, Post Office, and a fairly large Convent of Jesus and Mary run by the Loretto Nuns. A troop of Gurkhas was stationed there, about six hundred yards lower down the hill. Mrs. Oliver's private school operated then, about thirty pupils between the ages of five and eight were taught by her, both in Simla in the summer and Delhi in the winter.[1]


The narrow gauge Kalka-Simla Railway is still operational, having opened in 1903.


Stained Glass, St. Michael's Cathedral (1988)
  • Christ Church (Anglican, built 1844-1846).
  • St Michael and St Joseph's Cathedral (Roman Catholic, built 1886). Photograph (
  • St Andrew's Church (Church of Scotland, now a library).
  • St Thomas's Church (Church Missionary Society).
  • All Saints Chapel.
  • St Crispin's, Mashobra.


  • Oakover Cemetery (in use 1829-1841).
  • Cart Road Cemetery (consecrated 1840).
  • Kanlog Cemetery (in use 1850-1920s) (See individual fibiwiki article)
  • Sanjauli Cemetery (opened 1921)
  • St Bede's Cemetery (private burial ground for nuns of Convent of Jesus and Mary, also some Loreto religious)

Cemeteries from Simla, Past and Present by Edward J Buck 1904
"Simla District" page 43 A list of inscriptions on Christian tombs or monuments in the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Kashmir and Afghanistan possessing historical or archaeological interest Part 1 by Miles Irving (1910) Hathi Trust Digital Library
Inscriptions from Sanjauli Cemetery in Shimla and Kenlog Cemetery in Shimla


FIBIS resources

Related articles

External links

Simla Railway Station today
  • New buildings in Simla 1881-1888 from Henry Irwin Architect in India 1841 – 1922
  • Shimla-Heritage, now archived, includes some old photographs of the town.
  • History of the Viceregal Lodge, now archived.
  • Surrey in Tibet [Simla] by William Dalrymple 1997., now archived. Also an episode in the 1997 TV documentary series Stones of the Raj
  • Deodar Tales: Shimla: Heritage Homes 19 April 2010, now archived.
  • Shimla, India: The queen of hills 16 October 2011, now archived.
  • An article about Dorothy Sanders, who was deaf and spent her childhood in India. It briefly mentions she attended a "hearing school" in Simla, (probably circa 1900/1910). The Silent Worker, Volume 32, No.6, March 1920, page 155., Gallaudet University Collections.
  • "An officer in Simla" Part 1 Part 2 An album of photographs and other items from Ian Hamilton's time in Simla, India 1885-1887 from "The Serving Soldier" collection, King’s College London
  • The dakiya and the dak ghar by Sarita Brara September 20, 2012 The Hindu. The Shimla General Post Office opened in 1883.
  • "Ripon’s heritage: Din Dayal’s gain" by Shriniwas Joshi September 24, 2008, HimachalPlus Chandigarh. Ripon Hospital opened May 14, 1885. The female wards of the Ripon were subsequently converted into a separate hospital, ‘The Lady Dufferin Hospital’.

Historical images online

  • Panorama of Simla watercolour by Lady Elizabeth Tennant c 1865 University of Cambridge Digital Library.
  • Album of scenic views of India contains a number of views of Simla from page 4 of the images, mostly dated 1863. The J. Paul Getty Museum.

Historical books online

Simla, Past and Present 2nd edition [with new chapters] and different illustrations by Edward J Buck 1925., K.K. Venugopal Collection. 2nd file, 1925 which appears to contain an additional Map of Simla District between pages 58-59., CSL Collection.


  1. "Colonial Boy" by John Alton Price, now an archived webpage. The author was born in December 1923 in Simla. He attended Bishop Cotton School from age 9, for 9 years.