Bikaner State Railway

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Bikaner State Railway
[[Image:|150px| ]]
System timeline
1924 System formed
Constituent companies / lines
1924 Bikaner section of Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway
Key locations
Headquarters Bikaner
Workshops
Major Stations
Successor system / organisation
1952 Northern Railway (IR zone)
System mileage
Metre gauge 883 miles (1943)
Associated auxiliary force
n/a
How to interpret this infobox

The Bikaner State Railway (BkSR) was created in 1924 and took over responsibility for working the Bikaner section of the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway.

Background

Originally named the Jodhpur Railway the first section opened as a metre gauge(MG) line in 1882, becoming the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway (JBR) in 1889.

In 1908 the JBR operated 828 miles(1325km) in the territories of Sind (under British control) and in territories of the States of Jodhpur and Bikaner.

By 1918 the ‘JBR System’ had expanded to 1355 miles(2180km); which comprised 1106 miles(1179km) plus a further 249 miles(401km) which JBR was working and operating under agreements with other railways [1].

A further 210 miles(400km) were sanctioned or under construction by JBR in 1918 [1].

For operational purposes the JBR was divided into two sections:- the 'Bikaner Section' and the 'Jodhpur Section'

Bikaner Section of the JBR - 1918 grand total, 630 miles(1013km) [2].

  • Main Line, MG, 249 miles(401km)
    • Bhagu(Marwar Frontier)-Bikaner, opened 1891, 48 miles
    • Bikaner-Dumera, opened 1898, 42 miles
    • Dulmera-Suratgarh, opened 1901,71 miles
    • Suratgarh-Bhatinda, opened 1902, 88 miles
  • Hisar Extension Line, MG, 136 miles(219km)
    • Marwar Frontier to Ratangarh, opened 1909-10, 30 miles
    • Ratangarh-Churu, opened 1910, 26 miles
    • Churu-Hisar, opened 1911, 80 miles
  • Bikaner-Ratangarh Chord Line, MG, 85 miles(137km)
    • Bikaner-Ratangarh, opened 1912, 85 miles
  • Sardarshahr Extension Line, MG, 27 miles(43km)
    • Hudera(2 miles from Ratangarh)- Sardarshahr, opened 1916, 27 miles
  • Hanumangarh-Sadupur Line, MG, 105 miles(169km)
    • Hanumangarh-Sadupur, sanctioned for construction 1915, 105 miles
  • Bikaner-Kolayat Line, MG, 27 miles(43km)
    • Bikaner-Kolayat , sanctioned for construction 1915, 27 miles

In 1924, the JBR was divided into its two constituent parts, with two new systems, the Jodhpur State Railway(JSR) and Bikaner State Railway(BkSR) formed to take over responsibility for working the raiway. The JSR taking the “Bikaner Section” of the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway, together with the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway(British Section).

1924 onwards

The Bikaner State Railway (BkSR) was created in 1924, the exact mileage comprising the “Bikaner Section” is not known but in 1918 it was 630 miles(1013km)

In 1936-37 the route mileage for the BSR had expanded to 796 miles(1281km) of metre gauge(MG) lines [3].

By 1943 the BkSR was operating a network of 883 miles(1421km)

At Independence in 1947, the British section of the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway and the western portions of Jodhpur State Railway and Bikaner State Railway was ceded to the government of Pakistan becoming part of Pakistan Railways[4].

The remaining portions of the Jodhpur State Railway and Bikaner State Railway became part of the Northern Division of Indian Railways in 1952

Further Information

See Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway for period up to 1924

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 “Administration Report on Railways 1918” page185 (pdf194); Retrieved 18 Nov 2016
  2. “Administration Report on Railways 1918” page 187 (pdf195)]; Retrieved 18 Nov 2016
  3. “Report by the Railway Board on Indian Railways for 1836-37” page 119 (pdf 151)
  4. “History of Rail in Rajasthan” by Dr Mohanlal Gupta, Department of Information and Public Relations, Government of Rajasthan, Jodhpur; Retrieved 18 Nov 2016