Jodhpur State Railway

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Jodhpur State Railway
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System timeline
1924 System formed
Constituent companies / lines
1924 Jodhpur section of Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway
1924 Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway
Key locations
Headquarters Jodhpur
Workshops
Major Stations
Successor system / organisation
1947 Pakistan Railways (British section, Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway)
1952 Northern Railway (IR zone)
System mileage
Metre gauge 807 miles (1943)
Associated auxiliary force
n/a
How to interpret this infobox

The Jodhpur State Railway (JSR) was created in 1924 and took over responsibility for working the "Jodhpur Section" of the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway, including the British section of the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway.

Background

Originally named the Jodhpur Railway the first section opened as a metre gauge(MG) line in 1882, becoming the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway (JBR) in 1889.

In 1908 the JBR operated 828 miles(1325km) in the territories of Sind (under British control) and in territories of the States of Jodhpur and Bikaner.

By 1918 the ‘JBR System’ had expanded to 1355 miles(2180km); which comprised 1106 miles(1179km) plus a further 249 miles(401km) which JBR was working and operating under agreements with other railways [1].

A further 210 miles(400km) were sanctioned or under construction by JBR in 1918 [1].

In 1924, the JBR was divided into its two constituent parts, with two new systems, the Jodhpur State Railway(JSR) and Bikhaner State Railway(BSR) formed to take over responsibility for working the raiway. The JSR taking the “Jodhpur Section” of the Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway, together with the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway(British Section).

1924 onwards

The Jodhpur State Railway (JSR) was created in 1924, the exact mileage comprising the “Jodhpur Section” is not known but in 1918 it was 687 miles(1105km) plus 124 miles(200km) of the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway(British Section).

Writing critically in 1929 about third class travelling, Mahatma Ghandi condemned the latrines in JSR carriages as being "absolutely intolerable, insanitary and unfit for human use . . . The State railways should really be a model to the British system; whereas the actual state of things is the other way." [2]

In 1936-37 the route mileage for the JSR had expanded to 767 miles(1234km); they were also operating the British section of the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway(British Section), expanded to 239 miles(384km) and also the Mirpur Khas-Khadro Railway, 49 miles(79km). All these being metre gauge(MG) lines [3].

At Independence in 1947, the British section of the Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway and the western portions of Jodhpur State Railway and Bikaner State Railway was ceded to the government of Pakistan becoming part of Pakistan Railways[4].

The remaining portions of the Jodhpur State Railway and Bikaner State Railway became part of the Northern Division of Indian Railways in 1952

Further Information

See Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway for period up to 1924


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 “Administration Report on Railways 1918” page185, pdf page 194; Retrieved 18 Nov 2016
  2. Mahatma Ghandi, "Third-Class Travelling, Letters of Mahatma Ghandi, Vol 45, 14 Feb 1929 page 41; Retrieved 14 Jan 2016
  3. “Report by the Railway Board on Indian Railways for 1836-37” page 118 pdf 150; Retrieved 18 Nov 2016
  4. “History of Rail in Rajasthan” by Dr Mohanlal Gupta, Department of Information and Public Relations, Government of Rajasthan, Jodhpur; Retrieved 18 Nov 2016