Cawnpore Municipality Conservancy Tramway

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Cawnpore Municipality Conservancy Tramway

The Cawnpore Municipality Conservancy Department was established in 1866 by Mr Halsey, Collector of Cawnpore, to improve sanitary conditions in the city. Prior to this residents of Cawnpore threw garbage indiscriminately on lands adjoining the city, sweepers maintained latrines for private profit etc. Three main sewers lined by brick were constructed and a systematic disposal of night-soil and sweepings at Narayanpur trenching grounds by bullock-carts up to 1903 (and by the five and a half mile tramway thereafter) [1].

By 1894 refuse from the city was transported to incinerators by means of a steam tramway. The gauge and type of locomotive that were used is unknown. The system had two depots, one at Dalepurwa and one at Coolie Bazar. By 1904, 65 wagons of rubbish were being transported a day [2].

It is thought that the conservancy tramway formed the basis of the electric public tramway that started operation in 1905 [2].

The 'Imperial Gazetteer of India' for 1908 gives the following information:-

The main sewers are complete, and the branches are nearly finished. The initial cost of the scheme was met from a loan raised in the open market, for the first time in the United Provinces. Refuse is removed from the city by a steam tramway, the only one of its kind in the Provinces, and incinerators have been erected to consume it. An electric tramway has been sanctioned to run for about four miles through the city. [3]

No further information has been found, and there is a difference of dates and details in the above accounts

It is not known how long the Conservancy Tramway was in use. It has not been confirmed it became the basis of the Cawnpore Public Electric Tramway


  1. "Kanpur Urbanistion : the locale of the study" - Chapter II, pages 62-63 ; citation H.R. Nevill, "Cawnpore: A Gazetteer" (Allahabad, Government Press, 1909), p.272 Retrieved 3 August 2017
  2. 2.0 2.1 “Industrial Railways and Locomotives of India and South Asia” compiled by Simon Darvill. Published by ‘The Industrial Railway Society’ 2013. ISBN 978 1 901556 82-7. Available at Reference: Entry UP32 page ....
  3. “Imperial Gazetteer of India”, v. 9, p. 317.; Retrieved 3 August 2017