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Presidency: Madras
Coordinates: 9.9509843°N 76.251649°E
Present Day Details
Place Name: Kochi
State/Province: Kerala
Country: India
Transport links
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period

Cochin (now called Kochi) is a city in the modern state of Kerala. In the British era it was part of the Madras (Presidency). Kochi City comprises three municipalities in the Cochin area: Fort Cochin, Mattancherry and Ernakulam. Ernakulam is the largest urban area.

Spelling variants

Cochin, Kochi, Kuchi


Cochin became the site of the earliest European settlement in India when the Portuguese landed in 1500. The Kingdom of Cochin (see Cochin State) agreed friendly relations with the Portuguese, who cemented their involvement in the city by winning a war with the rulers of Calicut. Although the Raja of Cochin was nominally in charge, the Portuguese effectively ruled the city from 1503-1663. The Dutch then conquered Cochin and ruled the territory until 1773 when Hyder Ali took possession. In 1814, the British acquired Cochin under the Anglo-Dutch Treaty in exchange for the island of Banca (in Indonesia).

Fort Cochin area

Built around the old Portuguese Fort Emmanuel, this area is the oldest part of Cochin, with Portuguese, Dutch and British buildings.

  • "New life for a monument" by Priyadershini S. The Hindu Kochi, March 3, 2013. The historic Bastion Bungalow in Fort Kochi will become a Heritage Museum.
  • Slideshow: A peek into India's enduring maritime history Photographs by K.K. Mustafah. The Southern Naval Command’s Maritime Museum, located at Fort Kochi, hosts a variety of exhibits tracing the origin and evolution of the Indian Navy. The Hindu May 21, 2013


External links

  • Wikipedia:

Historical books online


  1. Balmer, Nicholas. India Princess Rootsweb India Mailing List 8 February 2007, now archived.