The Frontier Constabulary, or F C, was established in 1913 by the amalgamation of the Border Military Police and the Samana Rifles
In 1922 another temporary War Corps of Mohmand Militia in the Shabqadar area was merged with the F C
It was similar in structure to the Khyber Rifles, in that it was not a “regiment” of the Indian Army, rather it was an armed police or para-military unit paid for by the civil purse and under the control of the local Political Agent.
The FC was tasked with sweeping for gangs, handling situations until troops were required, and importantly, providing early intelligence of frontier happening and movements.
Note, the Frontier Constabulary is a different organisation to the similarly named Frontier Force, or Frontier Corps
Historical books online
- Frontier Constabulary page 15 India in 1930-1931 Archive.org
- Frontier constabulary page 6 Report Of The North West Frontier Province Subjects Committee 1931 Archive.org
- The White Belts: History of the Corps of Military Police by Lt Col R Ganapathi, CMP Centre and School, Bangalore 1982 HathiTrust Digital Library.
- Video: Frontier Constabulary and Fort Shabqadar by Ali Jan Qissa Khwani on Facebook.
- Page 144 Edge of Empire: The British Political Officer and Tribal Administration on the North-West Frontier, 1877-1947 by Christian Tripodi Google Books