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Oude Map 1871

Awadh: A province of the Mughal Empire administered by a Nawab.

Spelling Variants

Modern name: Awadh
Variants: Oude, Oudh

History under the British

The British as the East India Company tried over a long period to strengthen their hold on the kingdom by manipulating the succession and imposing ever more onerous treaty obligations. British troops were provided for the internal and external protection of the state in return for a heavy subsidy. Eventually the Nawab was unable to pay his dues and was forced to cede the fort at Allahabad, then surrender Rohilkhand and the Lower Doab and take advice from a British Resident.

In 1837 the British again imposed a new ruler and a fresh treaty which allowed them to assume management of the state in the event of misrule. It was this treaty which gave the Marquess of Dalhousie the excuse to annexe the kingdom in 1856 and make it a British province. It is believed by many that it was this act and the subsequent harsh administration of the province that led to the Indian Mutiny. In 1877 the province was combined to become North-Western Provinces and Oudh (1877-1902), then in 1902 the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (1902-1921), then the name changed to United Provinces of British India.

Main cities

External Links

Oudh Wikipedia
Map of Oudh annexed in 1856 Wikipedia

Historical books online