- Indian Police Service Records held at the British Library. The records available include
- King's Police Medal India from June 11 1948- 17 Dec 1948 Confirms records held at The National Archives under ref T333/18. (See above description of British Library records for earlier awards).
- Officers awarded Police Medals were generally named in the London Gazette
- Labouchardière Papers at the Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge. Given by Basil Labouchardière, Indian Police 1936-47. Includes a typescript document The Indian Police from 1861 to 1947.
Roll of Indian Police officers 1861-1947 - Superintendents & Asst Superintendents Database set containing names of 1,711 officers, who, from 1861, served as Superintendents, and from 1893 as Assistant Superintendents, and above.
Administration Reports of the Madras Police
The Administration Report of the Madras Police returned between 1866 and 1893 (IOR/V/24/3129-33) are largely statistical documents but contain the odd family history snippet. Note that the format seems to change year on year. The Superintendent of each Madras district sent a report detailing incidents worthy of comment, some being major crimes, some being internal disciplinary matters. Although names are not often given, phrases such as "the Head Constable of --- station" are used, meaning that if you have a police ancestor in Madras at this time it might be worth checking these reports. If nothing else, the reports give a flavour of the police work. The series appears to be continued from 1894-1948 (IOR/V/24/3133-37) but the content of these files cannot be commented upon.
Editions found online:
- Administration Report of the Madras Police for 1880 Archive.org
- Administration Report of the Madras Police for 1882 Archive.org
- Administration Report of the Madras Police for 1883 Archive.org
- Charles Tegart. He joined the Calcutta Police in 1901, becoming head of its Detective Department. He served almost continuously in Calcutta for a period of thirty years until he was appointed a member of the Secretary of State's Indian Council in December 1931.
- Charles Tegart Wikipedia
- "An Irishman is specially suited to be a policeman" historyireland.com
- Charles Tegart : Hero or Villain? by Dr Sudhir Kumar Jha (former Director General of Police, Bihar) July 22, 2014. “British Raj in India”.
- Charles Tegart of the Indian Police: an unpublished biography by Lady Tegart is available at the British Library with European Manuscripts catalogue entry Mss Eur C235 1881-1946
- This review, from The Hindu, of the book Travel Writing and the Empire by Sachidananda Mohanty (Editor), gives details of one of the essays "Colonialism, Surveillance and Memoirs of travel: Tegart's Diaries and the Andaman Cellular Jail", where "Tutun Mukherjee looks at the "Memoir of an Indian Policeman", a compilation made by Tegart's wife of the diaries of Charles Augustus Tegart, British loyalist and Police Commissioner. The Memoir, Mukherjee notes, records a particularly violent chapter in India's colonial history, that of extremism, British repression and brutal colonial incarceration. Travelling to the Cellular Jail in the beautiful Andaman archipelago in 1913, Tegart notes the careful architecture of the prison, recording all the many ways in which the prisoners were kept under control, his eyes ever alert for lapses in vigilance".
- Eric Arthur Blair who was in the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927 is better known as the author George Orwell. His novel Burmese Days was first published 1934 and is based on his experiences in the Burma Police. Orwell was stationed from December 1926 to June 1927 in the northern town of Katha, on which the fictional town of Kyauktada in Upper Burma in the novel is based. Online edition: Burmese Days Gutenberg.net.au. For more details, see George Orwell
- IP [Indian Police] History Also known as the Indian Imperial Police. icsassociation
- Deaths of Gazetted Police Officers - India and Burma Police 1888 - 1944 from www.redcoat.info, transcribed from To Guard My People:the History of the Indian Police by Sir Percival Joseph Griffiths 1971, available online, refer below.
- Development of the Police under East India Company The Police in India By M. B. Chande 1997 (Google Books)
- Police Developments during 1858 to 1900 period The Police in India By M. B. Chande 1997 (Google Books)
- The Empire At Its Zenith kolkatapolice.gov.in
- "'White women degrading themselves to the lowest depths' : European networks of prostitution and colonial anxieties in British India and Ceylon ca. 1880-1914" by Harald Fischer-Tiné. Indian Economic Social History Review 2003; 40; page 163. academia.edu
- Sergeant J. D. Conway, Madras Police was awarded the Indian Police Medal, G.V.R., for Distinguished Conduct in 1934 for operations against the hill tribes in the Kalyanasingpur Valley of the Vizagapatam Agency in January 1933. dnw.co.uk
- Inspector James Dwyer, Bengal Police was awarded the Indian Police Medal, G.V.R., for Distinguished Conduct in 1935. He joined the Calcutta Police from the British Army in 1919.dnw.co.uk
- Maxine Steller’s Bombay. Born in 1930, daughter of Bill Taylor who was in the Bombay Police Force, they lived in quarters behind the various police stations he was assigned to. He later became Deputy Commissioner of Police. She describes her early life, including becoming the female singer in a band, and the conditions before and after independence, until she left in 1950 for Australia. tajmahalfoxtrot.com
Thugs and thuggee
- "Acting in the “Theatre Of Anarchy” : The 'Anti-Thug Campaign' and Elaborations of Colonial Rule in Early Nineteenth-Century India" by Tom Lloyd. Edinburgh Papers In South Asian Studies Number 19 (2006)
- "‘Thuggee’ and the Margins of the State in Early Nineteenth-Century Colonial India" by Tom Lloyd. pdf, html version A paper presented at Mutiny At The Margins: New Perspectives On The Indian Uprising Of 1857 Conference at Edinburgh University, 23rd-26th July 2007, (now an archived webpage)
- "Confessions of India's real-life Thugs" by Miranda Carter 17 January 2014 The Telegraph
Historical books online
- Justice And Police In Bengal: 1765-1793 by N Majumdar 1960. Full title: Justice and Police in Bengal, 1765-1793. A study of the Nizamat in decline. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- An Exposure of the Haunts of Infamy and Dens of Vice in Bombay. Collected from facts by Michael Kirwan Joyce, late Bombay Police Force. 1854 Google Books
- Report on the Police of the Bombay Presidency for 1857 1859 Google Books
- Our Real Danger in India by C Forjett, late Commissioner of Police of Bombay c 1877. Archive.org. Includes the author’s views on the causes of the Indian Mutiny and his part in the preventative and precautionary measures taken in Bombay during the Mutiny.
- From England to the Antipodes & India - 1846 to 1902, with startling revelations, or 56 years of my life in the Indian Mutiny, Police & Jails by Isaac Tyrell 1904, page 73 the author left the 43rd Regiment of Foot (British Army) in 1860 and joined the Madras Police. Archive.org
- Reminiscences of an Indian Police Official by T C Arthur (pseudonym): Arthur Travers Crawford (1894) Bombay Presidency (Archive.org)
- And that reminds me being incidents of a life spent at sea, and in the Andaman Islands, Burma, Australia, and India by Stanley W. Coxon 1915, page 71 Archive.org. The author was appointed Assistant District Superintendent of Police in Kyaukse District, Upper Burma c late 1880s.
- Oriental Prisons: Prisons and Crime in India, The Andaman Islands, Burmah- China-Japan-Egypt Turkey by Major Arthur Griffiths, late Inspector of Prisons in Great Britain. C 1900. Archive.org. Volume XII in the series The history and romance of crime from the earliest time to the present day. Published by the Grolier Society.
- Report of the Indian Police Commission and Resolution of the Government of India. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty. 1905. Hathi Trust Digital Library.
- The Bengal Police Manual, 1911 Volume 1, Volume 2, Forms and Appendices (Archive.org)
- Eastern Bengal and Assam Police Manual 1911 (Archive.org)
- Orders Of The Madras Police (vol-iii) 1911. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- Police and crime in India by Edmund Charles Cox 1911 Archive.org
- Life in the Indian Police by Charles Elphinstone Gouldsbury 1912 Archive.org
- Police Regulations, Bengal 1915 Volume 4, Court Office Archive.org
- History Of The Police In Bengal by W R Gourlay 1916. Full title: A Contribution Towards a History of the Police in Bengal. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- Award of King’s Police Medal The Gazette of India Extraordinary, page 27, January 1, 1918. Archive.org, Digital Library of India Collection.
- Sedition Committee 1918 Report Superintendent Government Printing, Calcutta. 1918. Archive.org. One of the aims of the Committee was to “investigate and report on the nature and extent of the criminal conspiracies connected with the revolutionary movement in India.”
- In an Indian District; an enlarged edition of “Police Notes” by G.G.B. Iver, Indian Police 1919 Archive.org
- The Bombay City Police: A Historical Sketch 1672-1916 by S M Edwardes 1923 Archive.org
- Crime In India by S M Edwardes 1924 Archive.org
- The Walking Stick Method of Self Defence. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version. Full title details (from elsewhere): The 'Walking Stick” Method of Self-Defence by an officer of the Indian Police (H. G. Lang). 1926
- The Indian Police by John Court Curry 1932. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- The Punjab Police Rules 1934. (As Applicable in Haryana State) haryanapolice.nic.in
- The Acts and Rules from Sangrur Police includes Volumes I, II and III of the Punjab Police Rules 1934
- Annual Report on the Police of the City of Bombay, for the year 1934 (Commissioner of Police, Bombay, 1935.) Link to a pdf download Digital Repository of GIPE, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India
- Annual Report on the Police of the City of Bombay, for the year 1936 (Commissioner of Police, Bombay, 1937) Link to a pdf download Digital Repository of GIPE, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune, India
- The Police In British India 1861-1947 by Anandswarup Gupta 1960. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- The History Of The Andhra Pradesh Police (1861-1961) by Inspector-General of Police, Andhra Pradesh. 1961. Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version.
- The History of the Indian Police by Percival Griffiths. 2nd edition 1972, first published 1971 (incorrectly catalogued as 1956). Pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org mirror version. Full title: To Guard My People : The History of the Indian Police.
Alternative spelling Thags, Thegs. The crime of Thuggee (Thugee)
- Asiatic Researches or Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal, for inquiring into the history and antiquities, the arts, sciences, and literature, of Asia, Volume 13 1820 (Google Books).
- "The Thugs", page 469 Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register, Volumes 33-36 1832 (Google Books) includes
- "The Thugs of the Doaab" page 17 The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia Volume XI - New Series May August 1833 Google Books.
- "On the Thugs". Received from an Officer in the Service of His Highness the Nizam] [Philip Meadows Taylor] New Monthly Magazine 1833, Second Part, pages 277-87. Google Books
- "Some Account Of The Gang-Murderers Of Central India, Commonly Called Thugs; Accompanying the Skulls Of Seven Of Them" by Henry Harpur Spry, Bengal Medical Service, Saugor, page 511 The Phrenological Journal and Miscellany, Volume 8 1834 Google Books
- "Some account of the Phansigars, or Gang-robbers, and of the Shudgarshids, or Tribe of Jugglers", by James Arthur Robert Stevenson Esq of the Madras Civil Service. (Extracted from the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. 1. page 280.). Page 255 The Madras Journal of Literature and Science Volume 2 1835 Google Books
- "An account of the Customs and Practices of the murderers called Thugs" by Lieut. P. A. Reynolds 38th Regiment Madras N. I. Page 85 The Madras Journal of Literature and Science, Volume 4 July-October 1836 Google Books
- Ramaseeana: or, A Vocabulary of the Peculiar Language used by the Thugs With An Introduction and Appendix, Descriptive of the System Pursued By That Fraternity and of the Measures Which Have Been Adopted by the Supreme Government of India for its Suppression by William Henry Sleeman 1836 (Google Books)
- Illustrations of the history and practices of the Thugs and notices of some of the Proceedings of the Government of India, for the suppression of the crime of Thugee By Edward Thornton 1837 Google Books
- The Thugs Or Phansigars of India: Comprising a History of the Rise and Progress of that Extraordinary Fraternity of Assassins; and a Description of the System which it Pursues, and of the Measures which Have Been Adopted by the Supreme Government of India for Its Suppression by Captain W H Sleeman, Superintendent of Thug Police 1839 Google Books
- Report on the depredations committed by the thug gangs of upper and central India: from the cold season of 1836-37, down to their gradual suppression, under the operation of the measures adopted against them by the supreme government, in the year 1839 by Major Sleeman Commissioner for the Suppression of Thuggee and Dacoitee. 1840 (Google Books)
- Report on Budhuk alias Bagree decoits, and other gang robbers by hereditary profession: and on the measures adopted by the government of India, for their suppression by Lieut-Col W H Sleeman, Bengal Army 1849 (Google Books)
- A popular account of the thugs and dacoits: the hereditary garotters and gang-robbers of India James Hutton 1857 (Google Books)
- "Report Of Operations In The Thuggee And Dacoity Department, during 1859 and 1860" Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department] No. XXXIV 1861 (Google Books)
- Report on the crime of thuggee by means of poisons in British territory 1864-66 by Charles Robert W. Hervey 1868. (Google Books)
- Poisoning in India by Sir J Fayrer 1885 Archive.org. Includes a sect of Thugs called Daturiahs.