Surat

From FIBIwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Surat
[[Image:|250px| ]]
Presidency: Bombay (Presidency)
Coordinates: 21.195293°N 72.819771°E
Altitude: 13 m (43 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Surat
State/Province: Gujarat
Country: India
Transport links
Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
Tapti Valley Railway
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
[xxxxx Surat]



Surat is a port city on the Gulf of Cambay. It was first used by the British East India Company in 1608. In 1615 it was the location of the second British factory and settlement in India and the seat of the Western Presidency until the Company's headquarters was transferred to Bombay in 1687. It was the headquarters of Surat District in Bombay Presidency during the British period. See Bombay Districts.

Cemeteries

  • Dutch Cemetery
  • English Cemetery dates from 1600s
Refer External links, below.

Railways

Surat was originally the southern terminus of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway until that line was extended to Bombay. A broad gauge branch ran eastwards along the Tapti valley to connect with the Great Indian Peninsula Railway at Amalner in Khandesh.

External links

Historical books online

A Voyage To Surat In The Year 1689 by John Ovington, edited by H G Rawlinson, with commentary, 1929 is available to download as a pdf from Osmania University Digital Library [OUDL]. Restricted download hours may possibly apply. This book is also available on the Digital Library of India as a pdf download, Archive.org mirror version.

References

  1. East India Company trade with the East Indies 05 September 2017 British Library Untold Lives Blog.