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Station hospital Ambala.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 30.38°N 76.78°E
Altitude: 264 m (866 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Ambala
State/Province: Haryana
Country: India
Transport links
North Western Railway
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See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
[xxxxx Ambala]

Ambala was the headquarters of Ambala District in the Delhi Division of Punjab Province during the British period.The Ambala Cantonment was established in 1843 after the British abandoned its cantonment at Karnal, following the malaria epidemic of 1841-42.

Spelling Variants

Modern spelling: Ambala
Variants: Umballa

FIBIS resources


The cantonment church is called St Paul's and it has a large graveyard and war memorial. St Paul’s Church, ‘an edifice which has been much admired’ was designed by Captain George Atkinson of the Bengal Engineers, according to this Archives,org link. He was the author of Curry & rice' on forty plates : or, The ingredients of social life at 'our station' in India, published 1860, refer Society reading list, and Historical books online, below which may have been based on life in the cantonment at Umballa.

St Paul's Church was bombed in 1965 and is now in ruins.


List and images of graves at Ambala Christian cemetery (Scroll down for list)

Also see "Historical books online", below.

First World War

There was a Young Officers’ School at Ambala c 1917-1919. This appears to have been associated with a similar School at Subathu[1] and it seems likely that Subathu was the summer location of this School.

External Links

  • Ambala City Imperial Gazetteer of India
  • Ambala Wikipedia
  • Ambala Cantonment Wikipedia
  • Gazetteers Of Haryana, previously part of Bengal. Haryana Government website. Includes Ambala District 1883-84, 1892, 1923-24, the latter available as a searchable pdf.
  • Paul’s Church Ambala by Ramesh Lalwani 4 December 2005
  • "A peep into the history of Ambala" by Lt Gen Ranjit Singh (retd) April 6, 2014. (retrieved 21 April 2014). The Ambala Cantt with tree-lined roads and open spaces owes its origin to Capt Robert Napier, a Bengal Sappers officer
  • RAF Ambala (retrieved 1 July 2014)

Historical books online


  1. "School of Instruction for Officers, Sabathu & Ambala, 1917 to 1919" September 13, 2012. Gill family’s service in the First World War. gillww1