2nd Sikh War
|2nd Sikh War|
|Chronological list of Wars and Campaigns|
|East India Company||Sikh Empire|
|Result: British victory. Punjab annexed|
Clasps: Mooltan, Chilianwala, Goojerat
|Category: 2nd Sikh War|
|See our interactive map of|
2nd Sikh War
locations and routes on Google Maps
Also known as the 2nd Anglo-Sikh War or the Punjab Campaign.
The British Resident in Lahore sent officers to Multan to compel the local viceroy to pay increased taxes. The officers were murdered and this encouraged an uprising of rebellious troops against the Sikh Government. After some initial actions the British sent a substantial force under Sir Hugh Gough. Major battles atChillianwala and Gujerat led to the surrender of the Sikhs. The British annexed the Punjab and Raja Duleep Singh went into exile.
Army of the Punjab
Order of Battle at Ramnuggur
Commander in Chief: Maj-Gen Sir Hugh Gough
Brigadier-General Charles Cureton
- 1st Brigade: Brigadier Michael White
- 2nd Brigade: Brigadier Pope
1st Infantry Division
Lt-Gen Sir Walter Gilbert
- 1st Brigade: Brigadier Mountain
- 2nd Brigade: Brigadier Godby
2nd Infantry Division
- 1st Brigade: Brigadier Pennycuick
- 2nd Brigade: Brigadier Hoggan
- 3rd Brigade: Brigadier Nicholas Penny
- 6 horse batteries: Lane, Christie, Huish, Warner, Duncan and Fordyce.
- 3 field batteries: Dawes, Kenleside and Austin.
- 2 heavy batteries.
- "General Gilbert and the surrender of the Sikh Army" by Sarah Bilton FIBIS Journal Number 27 (Spring 2012), pages 14-22. For details of how to access this article see FIBIS Journals
- Punjab Medal Wikipedia
Historical books online
- Narrative of the Second Sikh War, in 1848-49 with a detailed account of the Battles of Ramnugger, the Passage of the Chenab, Chillianwallah, Goojerat, etc. by Edward Joseph Thackwell, 2nd edition, revised with additions 1851 Google Books
- The Sikh War : a narrative by "An Old Dragoon" page 179 The British soldier: an Anecdotal History of the British Army, Volume 1 by Joachim Hayward Stocqueler 1856 Google Books
- Commentaries on the Punjab Campaign, 1848-49. Including some additions to the history of the Second Sikh War, from original sources by J H Lawrence-Archer 1878 Archive.org
- The Sikhs and the Sikh Wars: The Rise, Conquest, and Annexation of the Punjab State by Charles Gough , Arthur Donald Innes 1897 Archive.org
- The First and Second Sikh Wars Compiled for the General Staff, India by Lieutenant Colonel R G Burton 94th Russell’s Infantry 1911 is available on the Digital Library of India. Pdf download, Archive.org version. 2nd digital file, Archive.org
- Annals of India for the year 1848: An outline of the principal events which have occurred in the British dominions in India from 1. Jan. 1848 to the end of the second Seikh War in March 1849 by George Buist 1849 Google Books
- A Year on the Punjab Frontier in 1848-49 by Herbert B. Edwardes 1851 Google Books Volume 1, Volume 2
- Leaves from the journal of a subaltern during the campaign in the Punjaub Sept.1848 to March 1849 by Daniel Augustus Sandford, Ensign, 2nd Bengal (European) Light Infantry 1849 Google Books
- Extracts from letters to Mrs. Bamfield from her husband, during the second Seikh war ... also, the subsequent letters of her son 1854 Google Books. The author was Major Daniel Bamfield of the Bengal Army and his son Albert, both possibly of the 56th Bengal Native Infantry.
- Brigadier Mountain’s letters: Page 246 Memoirs and letters of the late Colonel Armine S.H. Mountain, C. B. : aide-de-camp to the Queen and Adjutant-General of Her Majesty's forces in India. 1857 Google Books. He was in charge of 3 regiments, 29th Queen’s and 13th and 30th N I.
- Cavalry Experiences and Leaves from My Journal by Colonel H A Ouvry 1892 Archive.org. The author arrived in India in late 1846 to join the 3rd Light Dragoons, and subsequently took part in the 2nd Sikh War, from page 38.
- Part 2: The Second Sikh War, 1848-49 — The Indian Mutiny, 1857 from "Memoir of Major-General Sir Henry Marion Durand, K.C.S.I., C.B., R.E." by Lieutenant C.R, Low, (late) Indian Navy, page 374 Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal, 1871 Part 1 Google Books
- "Medical History of the 1st Bombay European Regiment (Fusiliers) during its Service in the Punjaub in 1848,1849, and 1850" by FS Arnott MD Surgeon of the Regiment, page 1 Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay Volume X 1849-1850 Google Books
- Barracks and battlefields in India; or, The experiences of a soldier of the 10th Foot (North Lincoln) in the Sikh wars and Sepoy Mutiny, edited by the Rev Caesar Caine 1891 [reprint edition] is available to read as a pdf download, Digital Library of India. Archive.org version. The soldier was Thomas Malcolm. This book is also available on a restricted access basis, probably accessible by those in North America on the Hathi Trust Digital Library
- Gujrat District page 111 A list of inscriptions on Christian tombs or monuments in the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Kashmir and Afghanistan possessing historical or archaeological interest Part 1 by Miles Irving (1910) Hathi Trust Digital Library. Inscriptions of some of those who died in battle.
- Through the Sikh war: a tale of the conquest of the Punjaub by G. A. Henty 1902, first published 1893 Archive.org. An adventure story for younger readers.
- Fiction. Oakfield or Fellowship In the East by W D Arnold [William Delafield], Lieut. 58th Regiment, BNI [Bengal Native infantry]. 2nd edition 1854 Volume I Archive.org. Volume II Google Books. Oakfield or Fellowship In the East Wikipedia, which states "The novel is an indictment of the moral standards of the British regiments in India." Originally published (1853) using the pseudonym Punjabee. Volume II, Oakfield takes part in the 2nd Sikh War.