3rd China War
|3rd China War|
|Chronological list of Wars and Campaigns|
|Eight Nation Alliance||Righteous Harmony Society|
|Result: Allied victory|
3rd China War Medal
Clasps: Taku Forts, Defence of Legations, Relief of Pekin
|Category: 3rd China War|
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3rd China War
locations and routes on Google Maps
Also known as the The Boxer Rebellion.
The Summary of this article is only concerned with the role of British India in the conflict.
The Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists (Yìhétuán), known in English as Boxers, was a peasant organisation in Shandong Province responding to fiscal crises and natural disasters which they blamed on the presence of foreigners in China. Initially suppressed by the Qing dynasty they were later encouraged as part of a movement to expel foreign powers which had imposed an open-door policy on China. Christians were massacred and foreign legations in Peking were besieged.
A relief force under Vice-Admiral Edward Seymour attempted to reach Peking but was forced to turn back. This was followed by an international force, under Lieutenant-General Alfred Gaselee, called the Eight-Nation Alliance which raised the legation siege and occupied Peking. The Qing government was forced to sign the Boxer Protocol in September 1901 and pay a huge indemnity to the allied powers.
- Boxer Rebellion Wikipedia
- Boxer Rebellion (Third China War) 1900 Regiments.org, an archived website.
- Filming, faking and propaganda: The origins of the war film, 1897-1902 by Stephen Bottomore 2007. Doctoral thesis Utrecht University now available online. Chapters 12-13 are on the Boxer Uprising. There is a separate section of illustrations and those for Chapters 12-13 are from page 33 of the section.
- Listen to an interview with historian David J Silbey discussing the Boxer Rebellion. June 2013. newbooksnetwork.com
- Transcribed earlier interview 3/1/2012 with historian David J Silbey discussing the Boxer Rebellion. historynet.com
Historical books online
- "Despatches from China" The London Gazette 5 October 1900 Issue: 27235 Page: 6093
- "Despatches from China" The London Gazette 6 November 1900 Issue: 27244 Page: 6759
- "Despatches from China" The London Gazette 11 December 1900 Issue: 27255 Page: 8373
- "Despatches from Lieutenant-General Sir Alfred Gaselee, Commanding the British Contingent, China Expeditionary Force". The London Gazette 14 May 1901 Issue: 27313 Page: 3273
- "Despatches from Lieutenant-General Sir Alfred Gaselee, Commanding the British Contingent, China Expeditionary Force" The London Gazette 13 September 1901 Issue: 27354 Page: 6047
- China No1 (1898). Correspondence respecting the Affairs of China presented to both houses of Parliament by command of Her Majesty, April 1898 Archive.org
- China No 1 (1900): Further Correspondence respecting the Affairs of China (In continuation of China No 1and 2 (1899). Presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty March 1900. HMSO. Archive.org
- China No 2 (1900) : Correspondence with the United States Government respecting Foreign Trade in China. Presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty April 1900. HMSO. Archive.org
- China No 3 (1900): Correspondence respecting the Insurrectionary Movement in China Presented to both Houses of Parliament July 1900. HMSO. Archive.org
- China No 1 (1901) Correspondence respecting the Disturbances in China (in continuation of China No. 3, 1900). Presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty, February 1901. HMSO. Archive.org
- China No 3 (1901) Further Correspondence respecting Events at Peking. In continuation of China No 4 (1900). Presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty, April 1901. HMSO. Archive.org
- China No 7 (1901) Correspondence respecting the Imperial Railway of North China. Presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty, August 1901. HMSO. Archive.org
- Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India - Events in China up to 1900 www.archive.org
- [Military Operations in China]. Actual title: Annual Reports of the [USA] War Department for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1900. Report of the Lieutenant-General commanding the Army, in Seven Parts. Part 7. Elsewhere this report is stated to be Part 9. 1900 Archive.org
- Reports on Military Operations in South Africa and China by War Department [USA] July 1901. Archive.org
- The Boxer Rising : a History of the Boxer Trouble in China Reprinted from the Shanghai Mercury 2nd Edition 1901 Archive.org
- World-crisis in China, 1900. A short account of the outbreak of the war with the "Boxers", and ensuing foreign complications by Allen S Will of the Baltimore Sun 1900 Archive.org
- Ordered to China: letters of Wilbur J Chamberlin written from China while under commission from the New York Sun during the Boxer uprising of 1900 and the international complications which followed 1904 Archive.org
- Morrison Of Peking by Cyril Pearl. Archive.org, Public Library of India Collection. The subject was also known as Chinese Morrison, and was The Times correspondent in Peking.
- The Land of the Boxers or China under the Allies by Captain Gordon Casserly, Indian Army. 1903 Archive.org
- "Three Prime Causes of the Boxer Uprising", an article from The Advocate of Peace Volume 63 May 1901, pages 103-104. Archive.org
- China 1900 page 520 The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the death of Queen Victoria, Volume VII 1903 Archive.org
- The World's Navies in the Boxer Rebellion (China 1900) by Lieut. C C Dix, R.N. 1905 Archive.org
- "Chapter VIII In the Far East: The Boxer Rising" page 128 Fifty Years in the Royal Navy by Admiral Sir Percy Scott 1919. Archive.org.
- Die kaiserliche Marine während der Wirren in China, 1900-1901 1903 Archive.org. Text in German, includes some appendices in English and French. There appear to be no maps.
- The Fighting in North China : (up to the Fall of Tientsin City) by G Gipps, Midshipman H M S Orlando 1901 Archive.org
- Diary of the Siege of the Peking Legations, June to August, 1900 by William Meyrick Hewlett, Student Interpreter at the British Legation, Peking 1900 Archive.org
- The Siege of the Peking Legations, being the Diary of the Rev. Roland Allen 1901 Archive.org
- Beleaguered in Peking: the Boxer's War Against the Foreigner by Robert Coltman Jr M D [Surgeon in China] 1901 Archive.org
- Story of the Siege Hospital in Peking, and Diary of Events from May to August, 1900 by Jessie Ransome, Deaconess, Church of England Mission, Peking. 1901 Archive.org
- A Diary of the Siege of the Legations in Peking during the Summer of 1900 by Nigel Oliphant. 1901 Archive.org
- The Heart of Pekin : Bishop A. Favier's Diary of the Siege, May-August, 1900 edited by J. Freri. 1901. Hathi Trust Digital Library
- Behind the Scenes in Peking, being Experiences during the Siege of the Legations by Mary Hooker 1910 Archive.org
- The Siege of the Peking Legations by J H Macoun 1913 Archive.org
- China 1900 page 195 My Service Days: India, Afghanistan, Suakim '85, and China by Maj.-Gen. Sir Norman Stewart 1908 Archive.org
- China 1900, page 207 The Commission of H.M.S. "Terrible," 1898-1902 by George Crowe 1903 Archive.org
- China, travels and investigations in the "Middle Kingdom" - a study of its civilization and possibilities; together with An account of the Boxer War, the relief of the legations, and the re-establishment of Peace by James Harrison Wilson [United States Army] 3rd edition, revised 1901 Archive.org.
- "The Boxer War in China" page 517 Under the old flag; recollections of military operations in the war for the Union, the Spanish war, the Boxer rebellion, Volume II by James Harrison Wilson 1912 Archive.org
- The Chinese War of 1900-1901 pages 529-656, Battles of the Nineteenth Century, Volume VII. With Illustrations. c 1901 Archive.org
- "The Boxer Wars" page 42 China, Past and Present by Edward Harper Parker 1903 Archive.org
- The story of China and her neighbors : their manners, customs, life and history, from the earliest times to the present, including the Boxer uprising, massacre of foreigners and operations of the allied powers by Trumbull White and James P Boyd 1900 Archive.org
- International Law and Diplomacy of the Boxer Uprising in China by John Marshall Lowie 1909 Archive.org
- The Boxer Rebellion : a Political and Diplomatic Review by Paul H Clements 1915 Archive.org
- China and the Occident; the origin and development of the Boxer movement by George Nye Steiger 1927 Hathi Trust Digital Library
- "The China Medal of 1900", page 161 The Medal Collector: A Guide to Naval, Military, Air-Force, and Civil Medals and Ribbons by Stanley C Johnson 1921 Archive.org
- Bronze tablets erected to commemorate the China Relief Expedition of 1900. USA servicemen. Archive.org
- Massacres of Christians by Heathen Chinese and Horrors of the Boxers by Harold Irwin Cleveland 1900 Archive.org
- Chinese Horrors and Persecutions of the Christians : containing a full account of the great insurrection in China : atrocities of the "Boxers" ... together with the complete history of China down to the present time by Henry Davenport Northrop 1900 Archive.org
- China and the Boxers. A short history of the Boxer outbreak, with two chapters on the sufferings of missionaries and a closing one on the outlook by Rev Z Chas. Beals 1901 Archive.org
- The China Martyrs of 1900. A Complete Roll of the Christian Heroes Martyred in China in 1900, with Narratives of Survivors compiled and edited by Robert Coventry Forsyth 1904 Archive.org
- A thousand miles of miracle in China : a personal record of God's delivering power from the hands of the imperial Boxers of Shan-si by Archibald E Glover, of the Chinese Inland Mission 11th Edition 1919 (first published 1904)
- China through the stereoscope; a journey through the Dragon Empire at the time of the Boxer Uprising by James Ricalton. 1901 Archive.org. Text only, no images.
- The Boxer Uprising : Cheefoo, Taku, Tien-tsin : a part of Underwood & Underwood's stereoscopic tour through China by James Ricalton 1902 Text only , no images, in respect of 26 stereographs. With 3 maps (at rear of volume)
- "The Countless Stones" by Major General Sir George Macmunn page 119 Blackwood’s Magazine, no 211 January-June 1922. Archive.org.
- With The Allies To Pekin: a Tale of the Relief of the Legations by G A Henty 1904. An adventure story for younger readers. Archive.org