Diamond Harbour Line Railway

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The Diamond Harbour Line Railway was a broad gauge(BG) line constructed by the Calcutta and South Eastern Railway(CSER) as a link from their Calcutta to Port Canning line, it opened in 1883. [1] [2]

Ownership of CESR was transferred to the Government of India(GoI) on 1st April 1868. The CPSR was merged into the Eastern Bengal Railway(EBR) on 1st July 1884.


The construction of a dock at Diamond Harbour with a railway to be called the ‘Calcutta and Diamond Harbour Railway’ to the bonded warehouses in Calcutta was first proposed in a Report from 1838 - see separate page for details

The ‘Calcutta and Diamond Harbour Dock & Railway Co Ltd’ was formed in 1845, a survey was undertaken but the construction was delayed. Land was allocated by the Government in 1853-54 [3]. However the Company did not proceed with the construction.

In 1852-53 the ‘Diamond Harbour Scheme for railway communication with Calcutta’ proposal was put forward for consideratrion [4]

The ‘Calcutta and South Eastern Railway’ (CPSR)was formed in 1859 as a Guaranteed Company and opened their Calcutta to Port Canning line in 1862. The branch line to Diamond Harbour opened in 1863

Further Information

See Calcutta and South Eastern Railway
See Eastern Bengal Railway from 1884 onwards


  1. "Railway Raj Safari 1a" by Keith Scholey
  2. Wikipedia "Sealdah South lines" Retrieved on 5 Apr 2016
  3. British Library ‘India Office Records’ Z/E/4/24/C182; "Calcutta, Railways, Line to Diamond Harbour not to be undertaken by Government but land to be granted to private individuals for", 1853-54
  4. British Library ‘India Office Records’ IOR/E/4/819, pp229-231 “Docks and Harbours, Diamond Harbour, Scheme for railway communication with Calcutta”, 1852,53