Eastern Bengal Railway

From FIBIwiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Eastern Bengal Railway
[[Image:|150px| ]]
Line of route
Calcutta to Faridpur (BG) with branches to
Budge-Budge, Diamond Harbour, Lalgola
Gauge / mileage
Broad gauge 495 miles (1905)
Metre gauge 637 miles (1905)
2' 6" NG 55 miles (1905)
1857 Formed as Guaranteed company
1868 Calcutta and South Eastern Railway taken over
1884 Taken over by State
1915 Opening of Hardinge Bridge at Sara Ghat
Key locations
Presidency Bengal
Stations Calcutta Sealdah , Dum Dum, Naihati, Kaliganga, Rajbari, Goalundo, Ranaghat, Krishnagar, Plassey, Murshidabad, Bangaon, Jessore,

See also separate page Calcutta Seadah Station for details

System agency
1884 State agency
How to interpret this infobox
Eastern Bengal Railway
Eastern Bengal Railway logo.jpg
Eastern Bengal Railway device
System timeline
1884 Renamed Eastern Bengal State Railway
1915 Reverted to Eastern Bengal Railway
Constituent companies / lines
1868 Calcutta and South Eastern Railway
1887 Dacca State Railway
1887 Northern Bengal State Railway
1887 Kaunia-Kurigram Railway
Cooch Behar Railway
Mymensingh-Jamalpur-Jagannath Railway
1904 Bengal Central Railway
Brahmaputra-Sultanpur Railway
1941 Bengal Dooars Railway
Key locations
Headquarters Calcutta
Workshops Kanchrapara, Saidpur
See EBR Railway Workshops
Major Stations See also separate page Calcutta Seadah Station for details
Successor system / organisation
1942 Merged into Bengal and Assam Railway
System mileage
Broad gauge 495 miles (1905)
Metre gauge 688 miles (1905)
2' 6" NG 89 miles (1905)
Associated auxiliary force
Eastern Bengal Railway Battalion
How to interpret this infobox
Eastern Bengal Railway Map 1909

The Eastern Bengal Railway Company (EBR) was formed as a Guaranteed Railway company in 1857 for "the construction and working of a line from Calcutta to Dacca, with a branch to Jessore. Capital 1,000,000l. This amount has been sanctioned for the line from Calcutta to the Ganges at Kooshtee(Kushtia), near Pubnah, about 80 miles, all that is authorised to be proceeded with at present. Rate of Interest Guaranteed - 5 per cent on 1,000,000l " [1].


The first construction started in October 1859. Isambard Kingdom Brunel had been engaged in Britain as consulting engineer to the EBR and Bradford Leslie, an English civil engineer who specialised in bridges, was sent to India as engineer in charge of bridges and viaducts. He supervised the building of the Eschamutter(Ichamati) and Koomar(Kumar) river bridges before returning to Britain in 1861. He returned to India in 1865 and became Chief Engineer and Agent [2] [3].

The 'Brassey, Wythes and Paxman Partenership undertook the construction of the EBR a line of 112 miles(179km) from Calcutta to Kooshtea(Kushtia) on the River Ganges. The line opened in stages from Calcutta in 1862 and completed through to Kushtia in 1864.

The “1870-71 Annual Report for Indian Railways for the Eastern Bengal Railway“ gives:- ‘Broad Gauge (BG) Line sanctioned 159 miles(256km), which included 45 miles(72km)of Line opened 1870 with nil to be finished’. The Report also details the ‘progress of the railway and the commercial summery’ - see separate pages for Report details.

Franklin Prestage became the Agent for the EBR in the early 1870's. In its original contract with the Secretary of State for India, the EBR Company was to open a rail-line to Darjeeling. However the Government of India took a decision to stop expansion of rail-lines by Guaranteed companies in new areas and instead decided to construct and manage new rail-lines as State Railways. Prestage resigned from EBR and in 1879 set up the Darjeeling Steam Tramway Company [4].

The EBR became the Eastern Bengal State Railway(EBSR), owned and managed by the Government of India(GoI), on 30 June 1884.

The GoI merged the broad gauge(BG) Calcutta and South Eastern Railway into the EBSR, and in 1887 several metre gauge(MG) and narrow gauge NG railways Railways – this giving the three Rail Gauges that made up the EBR network.

In 1915, the system reverted to the style, Eastern Bengal Railway.

During the 1920s, the EBR continued to grow by merger and amalgamation, and also began to convert sections of metre and narrow gauge to eliminate rail bottlenecks.

On 1 January 1941, the GoI acquired the Bengal Dooars Railway and merged it into the EBR.

In 1942, the GoI merged the EBR with the Assam Bengal Railway to create the Bengal and Assam Railway.

EBR Personnel

See separate page Eastern Bengal Railway Personnel

EBR Lines owned and worked

The development of the EBR network is detailed in a separate page Eastern Bengal Railway - Lines owned and worked broken down into the three Rail Gauge Divisions.
The initial construction of Bridges is covered in a separate page Eastern Bengal Railway Bridges as part of the development of the EBR system

External Links