Jharia Coalfield EIR Railways

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Jharia Coalfield EIR Railways

The Jharia Coalfield lies in the Damodar River Valley, and covers about 110 square miles (280 square km), and produces bituminous coal suitable for coke. Most of India's coal comes from Jharia, it consists of 23 large underground and nine large open cast mines [1] .

It became possible to develop mining in the Jharia Coalfield in the late nineteenth century primarily because of the introduction of railways. The East Indian Railway (EIR) Company extended the Grand Chord Line to Katrasgarh via Dhanbad in 1894 [2].

The EIR broad gauge(BG) network serving the Jharia Coalfields had four major sections [2] :-

  • Kumardhubi-Gomoh section,
  • Pradhankhanta-Pathardih section (15 km), opened in 1913,
  • Dhanbad-Phularitand section (21.6 km), opened in 1894 to Katrasgarh and extended to Phularitand in 1924,
  • Dhanbad-Pathardih section opened in 1903.

Further Information

See East Indian Railway - Lines owned and worked


  1. Wikipedia “Jharia Coalfield”; Retrieved 18 Feb 2017
  2. 2.0 2.1 [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jharia_Coalfield_rail_network Wikipedia “Jharia Coalfield rail Network”]; Retrieved 18 Feb 2017