|Altitude:||1,826 m (5,991 ft)|
|Present Day Details|
|Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway at Dehra Dun|
Mussoorie was a hill station situated in the Dehra Dun District of United Provinces during the British period. See United Provinces Districts. It was developed from 1825 as a summer retreat and remains a popular tourist destination. Several boarding schools catering for British families were established in and around Mussoorie.
Landour was a cantonment adjacent to Mussoorie. There are a few references to a cantonment at Mullingar, which is probably part of Landour, where there is a Mullingar Hill.
Modern name: Mussoorie
Modern name: Landor
- FIBIS database: Mussoorie: Camel’s Back and Landour Cemeteries transcriptions and images of all legible headstones in 2017, photographed by Mr Rajat Sharma, part of the FIBIS Cemetery Project where photographs were commissioned by FIBIS, and are available for a modest donation/fee.
- FIBIS database: Percy-Smith/Bullock papers: Mussoorie Stokes School Ledger 1866-1899
- Images of Mussoorie in FIBIS Gallery
- Images of Mussoorie in Fibiwiki
- Convent of Jesus & Mary established 1845. Girls' Catholic School. Website
- Fairlawn School was originally established as the Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway School in August 1877 and later renamed the North Western Railway School. In 1894, the school closed and the pupils were transferred to Oak Grove School (see below).
- Oak Grove School was founded in 1888 by the East Indian Railway and took in the pupils from Fairlawn School when the latter closed in 1894. The school still enjoys a connection with Indian Railways.
- St George's College was founded in 1854 by the Capuchin Fathers and transferred to the Patrician Brothers in 1894.
- Woodstock School was founded in 1854 as the "Protestant Girls' School" in Cainville House, Mussoorie. History
- Wynberg-Allen School was founded in 1887 and transferred to its present location in 1894. History
- Caineville House School for Girls opened in 1865 and continued until c 1950. "The school is charmingly situated in its own extensive (over 60 acres) and beautifully wooded grounds". The site is now occupied by the ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police) Academy The school is mentioned on (pdf) pages 22 and 50 of The Guide to Mussoorie (refer below)
- Rev Robert North Maddock’s school "Grant Lodge", established 1849 pages 6-7 Eighteen years in the Khyber, 1879-1898 by Colonel Sir Robert Warburton KCIE CSI 1900 Archive.org. Later known as the Mussoorie School, it was purchased by the Diocesan Board of Education in 1867
- In the year 1905 the Philander Smith Institute of Mussoorie, founded (in 1884) by a Mrs. Smith, widow of Mr. Philander Smith of Illinois was moved to Naini Tal and “amalgamated” with the Oak Opening Boys’ High School and the result was the Philander Smith College.
For more information about schools, including additional schools, refer The Guide to Mussoorie in 'Historical books online' below.
- Mussoorie Wikipedia
- Landour Wikipedia
- Landour Cantonment Board: History
- "St. Paul’s Church is a Jewel in Mussoorie’s Crown" by Jaskiran Chopra 13 October 2013 The Pioneer
- "The Landour Community Centre Cookbooks: From the 1920s to the 1960s and the present" by Katharine (Kittu) Parker Riddle. An article dated 1 July 2003.
- "City Of Grey Hair And Green Hedges": The Doon Valley Across The Years by Subhrojit Dutta November 30, 2007 The Telegraph, Calcutta, now an archived webpage.
- Hill Station's newspapers by Ganesh Saili. Article about Mussoorie’s newspapers and Guides. May-June 2010 allaboutnewspapers.com, now an archived webpage.
- Mussoorie Library: A testimony to colonial past still stands tall in town by Ajay Ramola March 16, 2011 The Tribune
- "Mussoorie blues" by Rakhshanda Jalil, July 15, 2012, thehindu.com, now an archived webpage. Includes mention of Eugenie Catherine West (d. 1895). She was the first superintendent of the Christian Training School and Orphanage that was to later transform into the Wynberg Homes and finally the Wynberg Allen School as it is now called.
- "Does Frederick Young Sound Familiar To Mussoorie Residents?" by Jaskiran Chopra 25 May 2014 The Pioneer. Army Officer Frederick Young built a hunting lodge in Mussoorie in 1823, leading to the establishment of a convalescent depot for British soldiers at Landour in 1827.
- "A to-do list for Landour" by Anurag Mallick January 29, 2016 cntraveller.in
- "An American Boyhood in British India" by Stanley E Brush, born 1925. indiaofthepast.org. The author attended Woodstock School.
- "Memoirs of an IAF Technical Signals Officer - 1" bharat-rakshak.com. Locksley Percival Fegredo was born in 1926 and was at St. Georges College, run by the Irish Patrician Brothers from 1938 to 1944.
- "The ghosts of the Savoy: The Mussoorie murder mystery that inspired Agatha Christie’s first novel" by Arup K Chatterjee 3 August 2016 Scroll.in. Mussoorie’s Savoy Hotel, on the road to Happy Valley, built on the site of Reverend Maddock’s Mussoorie School in 1902.
- "Murder at Savoy" by Anupma Khanna 7 January 2016 The Pioneer
- Postcard: Rickshaw Mussoorie. Dandy Mussoorie paperjewels.org. "A very unusual early split-screen postcard", by Julian Rust, undated.
- Postcard: Kulri Bazaar, Mussoorie catalogued Clifton & Co. Bombay c 1910. paperjewels.org.
- "Map of Mussooree and Landaur", between pages 280 and 281, A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon published by John Murray, London Eighth Edition 1911 Archive.org.
- 1922 Guide Map of Mussoorie and Landour by Survey of India is available to download from Pahar-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset, located under Maps, Indian Subcontinent-After 1900, 1922.
Historical books online
- Mussoorie Imperial Gazetteer
- Landour Imperial Gazetteer
- "Mussoori and Landour" , page 94, Volume II, First impressions and studies from nature in Hindostan; embracing an outline of the voyage to Calcutta, and five years residence in Bengal and the Doab, from MDCCCXXXI to MDCCCXXXVI by Thomas Bacon, Lieut. Of the Bengal Horse Artillery 1837 Archive.org
- Mussoorie page 251 with a section on Landour page 258 The Bengal and Agra Annual Guide and Gazetteer for 1842 Volume II Google Books
- Wanderings in India: and other sketches of life in Hindostan by John Lang 1859 Archive.org. Missing the one image. British Library Digital Collection. The one image is rotatable. Most of the chapters first appeared in Charles Dickens’s magazine, Household Words. The first chapter is titled "The Himalaya Club", set in Mussoorie.
- Lang, John (1816–1864) by John Earnshaw. Australian Dictionary of Biography. An Australian, Lang came to India in 1842, where he initially practiced as a barrister at the Calcutta Bar, until he founded the Mofussilite, c 1846, which became one of the most important newspapers in India. He died in Mussoorie in 1864.
- "The story of John Lang" by Venkat Ananth, November 18 2014. livemint.com. John Lang was considered among the earliest champions of a free press in India.
- Mussoorie page 7 A Summer Ramble in the Himalayas: With Sporting Adventures in the Vale of Cashmere Edited by Mountaineer [Frederick Wilson] 1860 Google Books
- Mussoorie and Dehra Dun are mentioned in "Himalayan Holidays I and II" from page 424 Bombay Miscellany (Chesson & Woodhall’s), Volume I. November 1860- April 1861. Google Books.
- "Topographical and Sanitary Report on Landour" by Ludovic C Stewart, Staff Surgeon Major, page 309 Army Medical Department: Report for the Year 1862 Google Books
- Landour page 378 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864 Archive.org
- The Himalayan Gazetteer or the Himalayan Districts of the North Western Province of India by Edwin T Atkinson in 3 Volumes (6 Parts) originally published 1882, 1884, 1886 is available, in a reprint edition, at Archive.org, mirror editions from Digital Library of India. Covers the regions of Kumaon and Garhwal. See Gazetteers for all volumes.
- Mussooree appears in Volume 3, Part 2, page 597 (digital page 236) Archive.org.
- A description of Masuri and Landaur, The Land of the Five Rivers and Sindh: Sketches Historical and Descriptive, page 260 by David Ross 1883 Archive.org
- Guide to Masuri, Landaur, Dehra Dun and Hills North of Dehra by John Northam 1884. Pdf download Pahar- Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset
- Guide to Mussoorie, Landour, Chakrata and Dehra Dun, etc by Robert Hawthorne published at Mussoorie by Beacon Press 1890 is available to download as a pdf from Pahar-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset under the title The Beacon’s Guide to Mussoorie
- Guide to Mussoorie with Notes on Adjacent Districts 1907 is available to download as a pdf from Pahar-Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset.
- Extracts from Guide to Mussoorie, 1908 "Compiled from various sources for F Bodycot, Mafasilite Printing Works, Mussoorie". 54 page pdf. Original book 159 pages. Note this pdf may be slow to load (archive.org link)
- Restricted access. The complete version of this book appears to be available to those in North America on Google Books and Hathi Trust Digital Library websites
- Mussoorie page 119 A Traveler's Tale : Memories of India by Enid Saunders Candlin 1974. Archive.org Books to Borrow/Lending Library. The author’s husband was a metallurgist/chemical engineer who worked in India 1941-46.
- Mussoorie page 21 All the Way To Heaven: An American Boyhood in the Himalayas by Stephen Alter, (born 1956) originally published 1998. Google Books, sample pages only.
- "Extract of a Report on the Medicinal Garden at Mussoorea, addressed to the Honorable Sir C. Metcalfe, Bart, in charge of the Honorable Company's Botanic Garden, Calcutta" by J. F. Royle, Esq. Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta Volume 4 1829, page 406