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Charleville Hotel Mussoorie.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 30.45°N 78.08°E
Altitude: 1,826 m (5,991 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Mussoorie
State/Province: Uttarakhand
Country: India
Transport links
Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway at Dehra Dun

Mussoorie was a hill station situated in the Dehra Dun District of United Provinces during the British period. See United Provinces Districts. It was developed from 1825 as a summer retreat and remains a popular tourist destination. Several boarding schools catering for British families were established in and around Mussoorie.

Landour was a cantonment adjacent to Mussoorie. There are a few references to a cantonment at Mullingar, which is probably part of Landour, where there is a Mullingar Hill.

Spelling variants

Modern name: Mussoorie
Variants: Mussooree/Masuri/Mansuri/Mussoori

Modern name: Landor
Variants: Landaur

FIBIS resources


Caineville House School former Entrance
  • Convent of Jesus & Mary established 1845. Girls' Catholic School. Website
  • Fairlawn School was originally established as the Sind, Punjab and Delhi Railway School in August 1877 and later renamed the North Western Railway School. In 1894, the school closed and the pupils were transferred to Oak Grove School (see below).
  • Oak Grove School was founded in 1888 by the East Indian Railway and took in the pupils from Fairlawn School when the latter closed in 1894. The school still enjoys a connection with Indian Railways.
  • St George's College was founded in 1854 by the Capuchin Fathers and transferred to the Patrician Brothers in 1894.
  • Woodstock School was founded in 1854 as the "Protestant Girls' School" in Cainville House, Mussoorie. History
  • Wynberg-Allen School was founded in 1887 and transferred to its present location in 1894. History
  • Caineville House School for Girls opened in 1865 and continued until c 1950. "The school is charmingly situated in its own extensive (over 60 acres) and beautifully wooded grounds". The site is now occupied by the ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police) Academy[1] The school is mentioned on (pdf) pages 22 and 50 of The Guide to Mussoorie (refer below)
  • Rev Robert North Maddock’s school "Grant Lodge", established 1849 pages 6-7 Eighteen years in the Khyber, 1879-1898 by Colonel Sir Robert Warburton KCIE CSI 1900 Later known as the Mussoorie School, it was purchased by the Diocesan Board of Education in 1867[2]
  • In the year 1905 the Philander Smith Institute of Mussoorie, founded (in 1884[3]) by a Mrs. Smith, widow of Mr. Philander Smith of Illinois was moved to Naini Tal and “amalgamated” with the Oak Opening Boys’ High School and the result was the Philander Smith College[4].

For more information about schools, including additional schools, refer The Guide to Mussoorie in 'Historical books online' below.

External links

"Murder at Savoy" by Anupma Khanna 7 January 2016 The Pioneer
Postcard: Kulri Bazaar, Mussoorie catalogued Clifton & Co. Bombay c 1910.


Historical books online

  • Mussoorie Imperial Gazetteer
  • Landour Imperial Gazetteer
  • "Mussoori and Landour" , page 94, Volume II, First impressions and studies from nature in Hindostan; embracing an outline of the voyage to Calcutta, and five years residence in Bengal and the Doab, from MDCCCXXXI to MDCCCXXXVI by Thomas Bacon, Lieut. Of the Bengal Horse Artillery 1837
  • Mussoorie page 251 with a section on Landour page 258 The Bengal and Agra Annual Guide and Gazetteer for 1842 Volume II Google Books
  • Wanderings in India: and other sketches of life in Hindostan by John Lang 1859 Missing the one image. British Library Digital Collection. The one image is rotatable. Most of the chapters first appeared in Charles Dickens’s magazine, Household Words. The first chapter is titled "The Himalaya Club", set in Mussoorie.
  • Lang, John (1816–1864) by John Earnshaw. Australian Dictionary of Biography. An Australian, Lang came to India in 1842, where he initially practiced as a barrister at the Calcutta Bar, until he founded the Mofussilite, c 1846, which became one of the most important newspapers in India. He died in Mussoorie in 1864.
  • "The story of John Lang" by Venkat Ananth, November 18 2014. John Lang was considered among the earliest champions of a free press in India.
  • Mussoorie page 7 A Summer Ramble in the Himalayas: With Sporting Adventures in the Vale of Cashmere‬ Edited by Mountaineer [Frederick Wilson] 1860 Google Books
  • Mussoorie and Dehra Dun are mentioned in "Himalayan Holidays I and II" from page 424 Bombay Miscellany (Chesson & Woodhall’s), Volume I. November 1860- April 1861. Google Books.
  • "Topographical and Sanitary Report on Landour" by Ludovic C Stewart, Staff Surgeon Major, page 309 Army Medical Department: Report for the Year 1862 Google Books
Landour page 378 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864
  • The Himalayan Gazetteer or the Himalayan Districts of the North Western Province of India by Edwin T Atkinson in 3 Volumes (6 Parts) originally published 1882, 1884, 1886 is available, in a reprint edition, at, mirror editions from Digital Library of India. Covers the regions of Kumaon and Garhwal. See Gazetteers for all volumes.
Extracts from Guide to Mussoorie, 1908 "Compiled from various sources for F Bodycot, Mafasilite Printing Works, Mussoorie". 54 page pdf. Original book 159 pages. Note this pdf may be slow to load ( link)
Restricted access. The complete version of this book appears to be available to those in North America on Google Books and Hathi Trust Digital Library websites


  1. Comment dated September 29, 2011 by Bipin Patel
  2. The Himalayan Gazette, Volume 3, Part 2 page 604, computer page 243
  3. Page 431 The Early Schools of Methodism by A.W. Cummings 1886
  4. Birla Vidyamandir School: History