Agra

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Agra
601px-TajMahalbyAmalMongia.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 27.179700°N 78.021400°E
Altitude: 171 m (561 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Agra
State/Province: Uttar Pradesh
Country: India
Transport links
Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
East Indian Railway
Great Indian Peninsula Railway
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
Agra



Agra was the headquarters of Agra District in the Agra Division of United Provinces during the British period.

It is situated about 105 miles (170km) south-south-east of Delhi. As well as being the home of the Taj Mahal and the Agra Fort, Agra is an important railhead and junction. The ancient Mughal capital Fatehpur Sikri is to the south west of the city.


FIBIS Resources


History

Administration

Agra Fort

The British took possession of Agra in 1803, and until 1829, the civil administration of the city was conducted by a Collector under the orders of the commissioners of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces. Between 1834 and 1836, Agra had its own Presidency, the Presidency of Agra, but this was abolished and the city was taken into the North-Western Provinces. The first Lieutenant-Governor installed there was Charles Metcalfe. Agra remained the seat of government for the province until 1858, when the administration was transferred to Allahabad. Ten years later, the High Court of Judicature followed.

In 1903, the North-Western Provinces were renamed the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (United Provinces for short) and under independant Indian rule this province became Uttar Pradesh.

Military

Social

Over three quarters of a million people, mostly Indians, died during the Agra famine of 1837–38 that hit the North-Western Provinces.

Churches and missions

St George's Church

Anglican

  • St George's, Cantonment - built 1828, consecrated 1835
    • The baptism, marriage and burial records for St George’s Church (now the Cathedral) are kept at the Diocesan Office, near St Paul’s Church. [1]
  • St John's Church, native church - built 1856, run by the Church Mission Society
  • St Mathias's Church, Agra Fort
  • St Paul's, Civil Lines - built 1855, run by the Church Mission Society

Roman Catholic

  • RC Cathedral, Civil Lines - built 1848, the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Agra
  • St Patrick's, Cantonment

Other denominations

Missions

  • Church Mission Society, St John's College
  • Baptist Mission
  • Methodist Mission

Cemeteries

List of cemeteries highlights various locations.

There are three active Christian cemeteries in Agra the Roman Catholic Cemetery near Bhagwan Talkies, another one near Tota Ka Taal, and the third being the Cantonment Cemetery. Locals call it “Gora Kabristan”.

Among the inactive cemeteries, there is the Protestant cemetery, now in ruined condition, attached to St. Paul’s Church. This was the burial ground of the old Dutch factory that once stood on the land now occupied by the Church. There is also the cemetery inside the Agra Fort, in an area occupied by the Indian Army, therefore out of bounds for tourists and visitors.[2]

Online records

  • See FIBIS Database for dataset of over 100 transcriptions and a few images.
  • See Cemeteries for links to Inscriptions from Agra Cemeteries in Online books.
  • BACSA (British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia) cemetery publications are
    • Agra Cantonment Cemetery by Robin Volkers, 2001 A record of over 5,000 burials from 1806-1990s, including all existing MIs, with plot diagrams indicating the shape and location of the tombs. 697pp, 106 illustrations and plans
    • Agra St Paul's Cemetery by Robin Volkers, 2007 A record of burials from 1849-1958, monuments, wall tablets and inscriptions, including those at the nearby Tot ka Tal and Sikandra cemeteries. 102pp, 22 illustrations
    • Agra: Memorials of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception by Robin Volkers, 2012, 56pp. "This volume completes the author’s magisterial survey of the three most important cemeteries at Agra."
See BACSA Books.
BACSA have put the indexes to these cemetery books online and these indexes are free to browse. If an indexed name is of interest then application can be made to BACSA for details of the relevant burial inscription - charges apply for this service

Education

Colleges

  • Agra College - founded in 1823 with an endowment from the East India Company
  • St Peter's College - Roman Catholic institution, founded 1841 (wikipedia entry)
  • St John's College - founded by the Church Mission Society in 1850 (wikipedia entry)
  • Medical College - opened in 1855 for native hospital assistants

Schools

  • Victoria High School - founded in 1862
  • St George's High School for European children
  • Convent school for girls

Orphanages

  • The Roman Catholic Church ran two orphanages in Agra for European children, c 1857, St. Paul's for boys, and St. Patrick's for girls.[3]

Railways

Agra was an important rail head, served by the East Indian Railway, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, and by both broad and metre gauge lines of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway.

Stations

Agra Fort Station
Agra rail connections, 1938

Agra has had a number of stations, the names of which changed over time. Many are no longer operational. Known stations are:

  • Agra Cantonment (BB&CIR, GIPR) - (became Idgah) in the centre of the city, along the Fatehpur Sikri Road
  • Agra City (EIR, GIPR) - in the northern part of the city
  • Agra East Bank (BB&CIR, EIR) - on the opposite side of the river to the Fort
  • Agra Fort (BB&CIR, EIR, GIPR) - next to the Fort
  • Agra Jail - (became Bilochpura) in the North West of the city, by the District Jail
  • Agra Junction - (became Jumna/Yamuna Bridge) on the right bank of the Jumna river
  • Agra Road (GIPR) - (became Agra Cantt) to the south west of the cantonment, near the Sadar Bazaar
  • Alumganj
  • Belanganj (GIPR)
  • Drummond Road
  • Raja-ki-Mandi (GIPR) - in the northern part of the city

Maps

Agra and environs 1893 ancestry.com
Map of Agra 1909 Imperial Gazetteer

External links

Historical books online

References

  1. India List post by Robin Volkers October 2010
  2. "Agra's Roman Catholic Cemetery and the Red Taj Mahal" 14 January 2018 The Concrete Paparazzi.
  3. "Catholicity in India", page 394 The Rambler, Volume 7 1857 Google Books