Jamshedpur Steel Works Railway

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Jamshedpur Steel Works Railway

The 'Jamshedpur Steel Works' was established as 'Tata Iron & Steel Co' and registered in 1907. The plant was built at Sakchi, this was renamed Jamshedpur by 1918, in honour of Jamsetji Tata, the founder of the Tata dynasty. Preparations started in 1908, with the first machinery arriving in 1910 and first production in early 1912. One of the largest early contracts was to supply steel rail to the Indian Railway Board and in the early 1920's it was producing 120,000 tons per annum [1].

The records show that a large number of broad gauge(BG) locomotives served the works [1]. The extent of the BG track within the works is unknown but there was a connection to the Bengal-Nagpur Railway 'Calcutta Extension Section'.

The records also show that from 1919 through to 1947 there were 3ft 0in(914mm) locomotives at the works and also a number of 2ft 0in(610mm) NG locomotives, the route and use unknown [1].

Iron Ore Production

  • Gorumahisani Iron Mine, situated 60 km south of the Jamshedpur Works. Production from the Iron Mine commenced in 1911 [2].The Bengal-Nagpur Railway(BNR) broad gauge(BG) ‘Kalimati-Gorumahisani Extension Railway’ from Kalimati (now called Tatanagar Juction, 5km south of Jamshedpur) where it connected to the Works Railway. The line was 40 miles(64km)in length and opened in 1911[3].
  • Badampahar Iron Mine, situated 100 km south of the Jamshedpur Works. Production from the Iron Mine commenced in 1922. The Bengal-Nagpur Railway broad gauge(BG) ‘Badampahar Spur’ was constructed as a branch from the BNR 'Kalimati-Gorumahisani Extension Railway' The date of opening of this spur is unknown but probably 1922, the date the mine became operational.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “Industrial Railways and Locomotives of India and South Asia” compliled by Simon Darvill. Published by ‘The Industrial Railway Society’ 2013. ISBN 978 1 901556 82-7. Available at http://irsshop.co.uk/India. Reference: Entry JH29 pages 170-175
  2. “Industrial Railways and Locomotives of India and South Asia” compiled by Simon Darvill. Published by ‘The Industrial Railway Society’ 2013. ISBN 978 1 901556 82-7. Available at http://irsshop.co.uk/India. Reference: Entry OR54 page ....
  3. “Administration Report on Railways 1918” page 2 (pdf11); Retrieved 3 May 2017