Karachi

From FIBIwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Karachi
Karachi port and harbour aerial.jpg
Presidency: Bombay
Coordinates: 24.86°N 67.01°E
Altitude: 8 m (26 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Karachi
State/Province: Sindh
Country: Pakistan
Transport links
Kotri-Rohri Railway
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
Karachi



During the British period Karachi was the headquarters of Karachi District and the capital of the Sind division of Bombay Presidency from 1840s until 1936. See Bombay Districts. Sind was an independent province from 1936 till Partition in 1947.

Spelling variants

Modern name: Karachi
Variants: Kurrachee

History

Memorial Arch at the Port for the Prince and Princess of Wales (1906)

It was occupied by the British in 1839.

Places of Worship

Churches

Various denominations existed including Catholic, Anglican and Methodist. The oldest church was St. Patrick's Church (now Cathedral)(1840s) in the Saddar area of the city.

Catholic

St. Patrick's Cathedral

Was part of the Vicariate Apostolic of Bombay until 1886. From 1886 to 1947, it was part of the Archdiocese of Bombay.

  • Our Lady of Fatima
  • Sacred Heart Church, Keamari
  • St. Anthony's Church (1935), Cantonment
  • St. Anthony's Church, Manora
  • St. Christopher's Church, Airport
  • St. Lawrence's Church, Soldier Bazar
  • St. Patrick's Church (now Cathedral) (1843). Founder: Rev. Casabloch. Note: Started in the premises of St. Joseph's Convent. Present building completed in 1878

Protestant

Photographs of Churches in Kurrachee (taken in the 1850s- 1870s) skyscrapercity.com

Other places

  • Parsi Dar-e-Meher
  • Magain Shalome Synagogue (1890s) (demolished in 1980s)
  • Various Hindu temples. List


Cemeteries

Military

Issue 11, 12, 13, 14 thequeensownbuffs.com
Issue 13 includes his experiences with the 1st Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment in Karachi.
  • "Last stop Karachi 1946!" by John ‘Dusty’ Miller Part 1, Part 2. He was a driver in the RAF and was in India 1945-1947, his last posting in Karachi. www.qissa-khwani.com, now archived.
  • RAF Karachi (including Drigh Road) rafweb.org. Retrieved 1 July 2014
  • RAF Mauripur, in the vicinity of Karachi. rafweb.org. Retrieved 1 July 2014

Clubs and Associations

Buildings

Frere Hall

Cinemas

  • Star Cinema (1918)

Halls

  • Frere Hall (1865) (Victoria Road)
  • Max Denso Hall (Bandar Road)

Hotels

Houses

Museums

  • Victoria Museum

Monuments

Markets

Empress Market, Karachi

Education

  • Bai Virbaiji Soparivala (B.V.S.) Parsi High School (only for Parsis until 1947) Alumni website
  • Karachi Grammer School (1847)
  • Sind Arts College (later DJ College)
  • St. Joseph's Convent (1862)History of SJC (official website)
  • St. Patrick's High School (1861) official website
  • Nadirshah Edulji Dinshaw (NED) College (formerly Prince of Wales Engineering College.) (1922, renamed 1924) official website

Newspapers

  • Sind Gazette

Health

Hospitals

Karachi Civil Hospital
  • Civil Hospital (1854). Located on Mission Road.
  • Lady Dufferin Hospital (1898)
  • Spencer Eye Hospital (1938)

Dispensaries

  • Eduljee Dinshaw Dispensary (1881-1882)
  • Jaffer Fudoo Dispensary

Veterinary Hospitals

  • Richmond Crawford Veterinary Hospital

Institutes

  • Louise Lawrence Institute (training of midwives) (after 1912)

Gardens

Beaumont Lawns (2006)
  • Burns Garden
  • Erskine Garden
  • Government Garden/ Company Bagh (1885)/ Rani Bagh/ Gandhi Garden (1933) (now the city zoo)[1]
  • Municipal Garden

Government Offices

  • Mercantile Marine Department (May 1930)
  • Sind Fisheries Department

Economy and business

Locations

This is a list of the major areas, quarters and roads of the city.

Lines

  • Civil Lines
  • Jacob Lines
  • Jutland Lines
  • N.I. Lines
  • R.A. Lines

Quarters

  • Artillery Maidan Quarter
  • Frere Quarter
  • Jamsheed Quarter
  • Napier Quarter

Roads

Britto Road (2007)
  • Britto Road
  • Brunton Road
  • Bunder Road (now M.A. Jinnah Road)
  • Frere Street
  • Jail Road
  • Kutchery Road (Law courts)
  • Lawrence Road (now Nishtar Road)
  • McLeod Road (now II Chundrigar Road)
  • Merewether Road
  • Mission Road
  • Napier Road
  • Newnham Road
  • Outram Road
  • Queen's Road (now M.T. Khan Road)
  • Rampart Road
  • Scandal Point Road
  • Somerset Road
  • Victoria Road (now Abdullah Haroon Road)

For more information, visit List of streets of Karachi

Transportation

Railways

There were two stations, McLeod Road Station (now City Station) and Frere Street Station (now Karachi Cantt)

Tramway

Karachi Harbour

Taking the boat from Kemari

Karachi Port Trust was established by an Act in 1886 (effective 1887) to manage the affairs of the port.

  • Kemari (earlier an island, but joined to the mainland)
  • Mules MansionThe Karachi Walla
  • Napier Mole

External Links

Karachi City Imperial Gazetteer

Maps

Kurrachee Harbour Map 1882 from the Historical Maps of Asia Collection, University of Texas, Austin

Historical books online

Booklets

Thesis

Other

  • "Sugar and Stone" by Peerzada Salman Dawn Sunday 3 April 2011. Article about historical buildings. Unfortunately the article now does not show the photographs originally available.
  • Somake`s Karachi by Peerzada Salman Dawn 23 May 2011. Moses Somake, born 1875, was an architect in Karachi

Video

Further Reading

  • Lari, Yasmin and Mihail Lari, "The Dual City: Karachi during the Raj" Karachi OUP. 1997. ISBN: 978-0195777352

References

  1. Soomro, Durdana, "Pleasure Gardens of a Raj City". Lahore: Sang-e-Meel. 2007 pg 43