Straits Settlements

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Following territorial acquisitions made by the East India Company as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, the Straits Settlements, as a territory, was established in 1826. In South-East Asia, it consisted of:

The Straits Settlements came under the Bengal Presidency.

The Straits Settlements came under direct British control as a Crown colony on 1 April 1867.


Ecclesiastical Returns: Baptisms, Marriages and Burials at the British Library. Prince of Wales Island [Penang], Malacca and Singapore 1799-1829 in IOR N/8. Returns are continued in the Bengal returns 1830-1868. All these records are now available online on the pay site Findmypast.

The Straits Settlements factory records can be viewed at the British Library. The reference is IOR/G/34. These records have been microfilmed, along with other related India Office holdings, and are available at various international locations, including the National Library of Australia.

A good list of official records held in various collections can be found on the A Sense of History: a select bibliography on the history of Singapore page on the National University of Singapore's website.

Also see the sections for Records on the pages Malaysia and Singapore.

External links

Historical books online

  • Also see Malaysia
  • Straits Settlements Blue Book for the year… . See Singapore- Historical books online for a range 1870-1938 from various sources. Very informative publications.
  • Political and Statistical Account of the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca: Viz. Pinang, Malacca, and Singapore, with a History of the Malayan States on the Peninsula of Malacca‬ by T J Newbold 1839 Google Books Volume I, Volume II
  • Straits Settlements, page 718 A Gazetteer of Southern India: with the Tenasserim Provinces and Singapore by Pharoah &Co 1855 Google Books
  • The Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, the Philippines, &c. For a range of editions to 1922, see China.
  • The London and China Telegraph. Published weekly in London. Covers China, Hong Kong, Japan, Straits Settlements (Singapore, Penang), Batavia and perhaps a wider area. For editions 1860-1875 (missing 1862), see China.
  • Reminiscences of an Indian Official by General Sir Orfeur Cavenagh 1884 The author joined the Bengal Army in 1837. After the Indian Mutiny he was appointed Governor of the Straits Settlement, where he remained until transfer of the administration of the Straits Settlement to the Colonial Office in April 1867.
  • Life of Lieut.-General the Hon. Sir Andrew Clarke, Colonel-Commandant of Royal Engineers edited by Col. RH Vetch 1905 "Governor of the Straits Settlements 1873-1875" pages 119-192.
  • Précis of information concerning the Straits Settlements and the Native States of the Malay Peninsula. Prepared in the Intelligence Division, Horse Guards, War Office, etc. 1891. With a Map of Town of Singapore (which can be rotated). British Library Digital file.


  1. History of the Dutch in Malaysia by Dennis De Witt. Available at the British Library UIN: BLL01015564894