42nd Regiment of Foot

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Also known as The Black Watch.



  • 1725 four Independent Highland Companies raised to police Highlands, commonly called the Reicudan Dhu, or Black Watch
  • 1729 two additional companies raised
  • 1739 Earl of Craufurd's Regiment formed by regimentation of existing six coys and four new coys; also known until 1751 by the names of other colonels
  • 1751 became 42nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot
  • 1758 became 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot
  • 1861 became 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot, The Black Watch
  • 1881 amalgamated with the 73rd Regiment of Foot to become the 1st Battalion, Royal Highland Regiment (The Black Watch)
  • 2006 merged with five other Scottish regiments - the Royal Scots, the King's Own Scottish Borderers, the Royal Highland Fusiliers, The Highlanders and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders - to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland

Service in British India

The 1st Btn BW was stationed in India from September 1919, when they arrived at Allahabad until December 1936 which saw their departure from Barrackpore (after a stay which began October 1934). In between, short visitations were made to Quetta (November 1922), Multan (December 1925), Chakrata (March 1928), and Meerut (October 1930). The hill stations used by the BW between 1931-35 were: Ranikhet 1931 & 1932, Kailana 1933 & 1934. Lebong 1935.[1]

Regimental Journal

The Red Hackle :the Chronicle of the Black Watch, the Royal Highland Regiment, and of the Black Watch Association. First published in April 1921 but not during the war years, 1939 - 45, the British Library has issues from Volume 1, no. 3 (Oct. 1921)

All volumes from 1921-2010 are in the process of being made available digitised and put on to a flash drive that will be available to buy through the Regimental Association office, see the Museum website below.

External links

Historical books online

Volume One Digital Archive@McMaster University Library. Vol. One Archive.org; Vol. Two Archive.org; Vol. Three Archive.org


  1. Indian Hill Stations Visited by the 42nd Regiment 1931-1935 from Ian Davidson's The Black Watch Archive. The information was based on the Red Hackle Regimental Journal. Retrieved 24 January 2015