Lahore

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Lahore
Lahore Museum 2005.jpg
Presidency: Bengal
Coordinates: 31.545073°N 74.340835°E
Altitude: 217 m (712 ft)
Present Day Details
Place Name: Lahore
State/Province: Punjab
Country: Pakistan
Transport links
FibiWiki Maps
See our interactive map of this location showing
places of interest during the British period
Lahore



Lahore was the headquarters of Lahore District in the Lahore Division of Punjab Province during the British period. It was the capital of undivided Punjab until Partition in 1947 after which it became the capital of West Punjab in Pakistan.

History

1905 earthquake

Spelling Variants

Modern spelling: Lahore
Variants: Lahaur

Churches

Lahore - Cathedral.jpg

Anglican

  • Lahore Cathedral (Cathedral Church of Resurrection) - consecrated in 1887
  • St Andrew's (The Railway Church) - built in 1899 to serve the Railway colony, near the North Western Railway Headquarters

Roman Catholic

  • Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception - built 1861
  • Sacred Heart Cathedral - consecrated 1907, the seat of the Diocese of Lahore.
    • "The glorious edifice" by Marian Sharaf Joseph, January 27, 2015 You [Weekly] Magazine, part of the Jang Group, now an archived webpage.
  • St Anthony's - also near the North Western Railway Headquarters on Empress Road

Education

Schools

Colleges/University

Government College

Health

Hospitals

Cemeteries

  • Gora Kabristan
  • The BACSA Archive at the British Library Mss Eur F370 has the following references to cemeteries in Lahore
    • 718 Lahore (General), Pakistan - Cathedral: inscriptions 1857 -1954 - New (Jail Road): 1923-, open
    • 719 Lahore Annex, Pakistan - Photos of registers
    • 720 Lahore Cantonment North, Pakistan - 1907-, open
    • 721 Lahore Cantonment South, Pakistan - Mian Mir: 1851-1944, closed
    • 722 Lahore Taxali Gate, Pakistan - 1849-, open
  • Taxali Gate Cemetery in Lahore Indian-cemeteries.org
"Lahore’s historic Taxali Gate Cemetery in shambles due to willful ignorance by authorities" by Madeeha Bakhsh 2 June 2018 christiansinpakistan.com.

Commercial

Banks

  • The Australasia Bank (1942)
  • Punjab National Bank (1895)

Buildings

  • Lawrence Hall (now part of Quaid-e-Azam Library) Photograph
  • Montgomery Hall (now part of Quaid-e-Azam Library)

Military

The Cantonment was situated 3 miles east of the civil station of Lahore and until 1906 was known as Mian Mir (alternative spelling Mean Meer, Meean Meer). This link,[1] gives a description of Meean Meer c 1868, while this link[2] mentions the clean up and change of name to Lahore Cantonments.

Prior to the establishment of Mian Mir, and perhaps concurrently with it, there was a a cantonment at Anarkali (Anarkili, Anarkullie, Annarkullie).

Lahore was the head-quarters of the Punjab Light Horse and of the 1st Punjab Volunteer Rifles.[3] "A Beleagured City",is a parody by Rudyard Kipling about the proximity of the firing range of the Punjab Volunteer Rifles to the Lawrence Hall Gardens

RAF Lahore rafweb.org (retrieved 1 July 2014)

Photograph: Sir Michael O'Dwyer Institute for British Troops, Lahore c 1946 from the collection of James Wilson, Royal Artillery 500px.com

"Meean Meer" page 385 Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India : with Abstract of Evidence, and of Reports Received from Indian Military Stations 1864 Archive.org

Transport

Lahore - Railway Station.jpg

Railways

Lahore was the headquarters of North Western Railway. There were railway workshops and a railway colony.

Gardens and Parks

Places of interest

Lahore Museum
Zamzama (Kim's Gun)

Monuments

  • Walled City of Lahore
  • Maryam Zamani (Begum shahi) Mosque (near Fort)
  • Nawab Bahadur Khan's tomb. (used as a theater hall during the early period)[4]
  • Mahabat Khan's tomb and Boundary Wall, Baghbanpura (near Shalimar Gardens)
  • Prince Perwaiz's tomb. Chah Miran area.
  • Wazir Khan's Hammam
  • Wazir Khan's Baradari (served as soldier's quarters until cantonment shifted to Mian Mir.) Behind Lahore Museum.[5]

Protected Monuments

Qutbuddin Aibak's Tomb (2009)

The following are historical monuments protected during this era. The year is brackets is the year of their notification.

  • Akbari Sarai and Mosque (1911)
  • Anarkali's Tomb (1924) (serves at the Punjab Records Office since 1891) in Punjab Civil Secretariat.[6]
  • Asif Khan's tomb and compound (1911)
  • Badshahi Mosque (1925)
  • Buddhu's Tomb (1912) near Gulabi Bagh Gateway on Grand Trunk Road
  • Chauburji (1913). Mozang
  • Dai Anga's Mosque, Naulakha. (1913) (private residence of Mr. Henry Cone, editor of Lahore Chronicle. later sold to the Railways. restored as mosque in 1903)[7]
  • Dai Anga's Tomb (1913). behind Gulbai Bagh Gateway
  • Gulabi Bagh Gateway (1913)
  • Hazuri Bagh and Baradari (1913, 1924) Photo-1900s
  • Jahangir's Tomb (1911)
  • Lahore Fort (1920, 1924)
  • Mirza Kamran's Baradari (1935)
  • Tomb of Musa Ahangar, Mosque and House (1914). near Railway Station.
  • Nur Jahan's tomb (1911)
  • Qutbuddin Aibak's Tomb (1914)
  • Roshnai Gate (1935) (part of the fortification wall)
  • Shalimar Gardens (1913)
  • Wazir Khan's Mosque (1925)

Statues

The following are some of the people whose statues were erected during the period. All except one has been removed from their original locations.

Maps

Photographs

Biographies

Religious Leaders

External links

  • Lahore City Imperial Gazetteer of India
  • "'A Feeling of Absence from Old England:' the Colonial Bungalow" by William J Glover. Home Cultures Volume 1 Issue 1 pages 61-82 2004(?), now an archived webpage. Contains references to Lahore from page 3 of the pdf. “By the late nineteenth century, Lahore was a desirable posting for European officers and civilians due to its large size, moderate climate, and relatively cosmopolitan range of institutions and activities.”
  • "My memories of Lahore" by Reginald Massey, born 1932. indiaofthepast.org. He attended Saint Anthony's School, run by the Irish Christian Brothers.
  • "Lahore: Blood on the Tracks" by William Dalrymple 1997. travelintelligence.com, now archived. Based on the script of Blood on the Tracks, the first episode of the Channel 4 series Stones of the Raj 1997

Historical books on-line

An Heroic Bishop: the Life Story of French of Lahore by Eugene Stock 2nd edition 1914 (first published 1913) Archive.org

References

  1. Indian Racing Reminiscences, page 5 by M. Horace Hayes 1883 Archive.org
  2. Reminiscences of an Indian Cavalry Officer, page 140 by John Sutton Edward Western 1922 Archive.org
  3. Imperial Gazetteer of India : Provincial Series Punjab Volume II The Lahore, Rawalpindi and Multan Divisions and Native States, page 40 1908 Archive.org
  4. Nadiem, Ihsan H. "Historic Landmarks of Lahore An Account of Protected Monuments" Lahore: Sang-e-Meel 2006 ISBN 969-35-1869-1 pg 101
  5. Nadiem, Ihsan H. "Historic Landmarks of Lahore An Account of Protected Monuments" Lahore: Sang-e-Meel 2006 ISBN 969-35-1869-1 pg 70
  6. Nadiem, Ihsan H. "Historic Landmarks of Lahore An Account of Protected Monuments" Lahore: Sang-e-Meel 2006 ISBN 969-35-1869-1 pg 57
  7. Nadiem, Ihsan H. "Historic Landmarks of Lahore An Account of Protected Monuments" Lahore: Sang-e-Meel 2006 ISBN 969-35-1869-1 pg 73